man pages section 9: DDI and DKI Kernel Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

ddi_copyin(9F)

Name

ddi_copyin - copy data to a driver buffer

Synopsis

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/ddi.h>
#include <sys/sunddi.h>

int ddi_copyin(const void *buf, void *driverbuf, size_t cn, int flags);

Interface Level

Solaris DDI specific (Solaris DDI).

Parameters

buf

Source address from which data is transferred.

driverbuf

Driver destination address to which data is transferred.

cn

Number of bytes transferred.

flags

Set of flag bits that provide address space information about buf.

Description

This routine is designed for use in driver ioctl(9E) routines for drivers that support layered ioctls. ddi_copyin() copies data from a source address to a driver buffer. The driver developer must ensure that adequate space is allocated for the destination address.

The flags argument determines the address space information about buf. If the FKIOCTL flag is set, this indicates that buf is a kernel address, and ddi_copyin() behaves like bcopy(9F). Otherwise, buf is interpreted as a user buffer address, and ddi_copyin() behaves like copyin(9F).

Addresses that are word-aligned are moved most efficiently. However, the driver developer is not obliged to ensure alignment. This function automatically finds the most efficient move according to address alignment.

Return Values

ddi_copyin() returns 0, indicating a successful copy. It returns −1 if one of the following occurs:

  • Paging fault; the driver tried to access a page of memory for which it did not have read or write access.

  • Invalid user address, such as a user area or stack area.

  • Invalid address that would have resulted in data being copied into the user block.

  • Hardware fault; a hardware error prevented access to the specified user memory. For example, an uncorrectable parity or ECC error occurred.

If −1 is returned to the caller, driver entry point routines should return EFAULT.

Context

ddi_copyin() can be called from user or kernel context only.

Examples

Example 1 ddi_copyin() example

A driver ioctl(9E) routine (line 12) can be used to get or set device attributes or registers. For the XX_SETREGS condition (line 25), the driver copies the user data in arg to the device registers. If the specified argument contains an invalid address, an error code is returned.


1 struct device {           /* layout of physical device registers */
 2     int      control;     /* physical device control word */
 3     int      status;      /* physical device status word  */
 4     short    recv_char;   /* receive character from device */
 5     short    xmit_char    /* transmit character to device */
 6  };
 7  struct device_state {
 8     volatile struct device *regsp;   /* pointer to device registers */
 9     kmutex_t reg_mutex;              /* protect device registers */
       . . .
10  };

11  static void *statep;	/* for soft state routines */

12  xxioctl(dev_t dev, int cmd, int arg, int mode,
13      cred_t *cred_p, int *rval_p)
14  {
15      struct device_state *sp;
16      volatile struct device *rp;
17      struct device reg_buf;	/* temporary buffer for registers */
18      int instance;

19      instance = getminor(dev);
20      sp = ddi_get_soft_state(statep, instance);
21      if (sp == NULL)
22          return (ENXIO);
23      rp = sp->regsp;
        . . .
24      switch (cmd)  {

25      case XX_GETREGS:	/* copy data to temp. regs. buf */
26            if (ddi_copyin(arg, &reg_buf,
27                sizeof (struct device), mode) != 0) {
28                    return (EFAULT);
29            }  

30            mutex_enter(&sp->reg_mutex);
31            /*
32             * Copy data from temporary device register 
33             * buffer to device registers.
34             * e.g. rp->control = reg_buf.control;
35             */
36            mutex_exit(&sp->reg_mutex);

37            break;
38      }
39  }

See Also

ioctl(9E), bcopy(9F), copyin(9F), copyout(9F), ddi_copyout(9F), uiomove(9F)

Writing Device Drivers for Oracle Solaris 11.2

Notes

The value of the flags argument to ddi_copyin() should be passed through directly from the mode argument of ioctl() untranslated.

Driver defined locks should not be held across calls to this function.

ddi_copyin() should not be used from a streams driver. See M_COPYIN and M_COPYOUT in STREAMS Programming Guide .