man pages section 9: DDI and DKI Kernel Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

ddi_fm_handler_unregister(9F)

Name

ddi_fm_handler_register, ddi_fm_handler_unregister - register or unregister an error handling callback

Synopsis

#include <sys/ddifm.h>

void ddi_fm_handler_register(dev_info_t *dip,
     ddi_err_func_t error_handler, void *impl_data);
void ddi_fm_handler_unregister(dev_info_t *dip);

Interface Level

Solaris DDI specific (Solaris DDI)

Parameters

dip

Pointer to the dev_info structure

error_handler

Pointer to an error handler callback function

impl_data

Pointer to private data for use by the caller

Description

The ddi_fm_handler_register() function registers an error handler callback routine with the I/O Fault Management framework. The error handler callback, error_handler, is called to process error conditions detected by the system. In addition to its device instance, dip, the error handler is called with a pointer to a fault management error status structure, ddi_fm_error_t. For example:

int (*ddi_err_func_t)(dev_info_t *dip, ddi_fm_error_t *error_status);

    A driver error handling callback is passed the following arguments:

  • a pointer to the device instance registered for this callback.

  • a data structure containing common fault management data and status for error handling.

    The primary responsibilities of the error handler include:

  • to check for outstanding hardware or software errors.

  • where possible, to isolate the device that might have caused the errors.

  • to report errors that were detected.

    During the invocation of an error handler, a device driver might need to quiesce or suspend all I/O activities in order to check for error conditions or status in:

  • hardware control and status registers.

  • outstanding I/O transactions.

  • access or DMA handles.

For each error detected, the driver must formulate and post an error report via ddi_fm_ereport_post() for problem analysis by the Solaris Fault Manager fmd(1M) .

For a PCI, PCI/X, or PCI Express leaf device, the pci_ereport_post() function is provided to carry out reporting responsibilities on behalf of the driver. In many cases, an error handler callback function of the following form can be used:

xxx_err_cb(dev_info_t *dip, ddi_fm_error_t *errp) {
      pci_ereport_post(dip, errp, NULL);
      return (errp->fme_status);
}

In addition, the driver might be able to carry out further device specific checks within the error handler.

Error handlers can be called from kernel, interrupt, or high-level interrupt context. The interrupt block cookie returned from ddi_fm_init() should be used to allocate and initialize any synchronization variables and locks that might be used within the error handler callback function. Such locks may not be held by the driver when a device register is accessed with functions such as ddi_get8(9F) and ddi_put8(9F).

The data structure, ddi_fm_error_t, contains an FMA protocol (format 1) ENA for the current error propagation chain, the status of the error handler callback, an error expectation flag, and any potential access or DMA handles associated with an error detected by the parent nexus.

The ddi_fm_handler_unregister() function removes a previously registered error handling callback for the device instance specified by the dip.

Context

The ddi_fm_handler_register() and ddi_fm_handler_unregister() functions must be called from kernel context in an attach(9E) or detach(9E) entry point. The registered error handler, error_handler, callback can be called from kernel, interrupt, or high level interrupt context.

Attributes

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability
Committed

See Also

fmd(1M), attributes(5), attach(9E), detach(9E), ddi_fm_ereport_post(9F), ddi_fm_init(9F), ddi_get8(9F), ddi_put8(9F), pci_ereport_post(9F), ddi_fm_error(9S)

Writing Device Drivers for Oracle Solaris 11.2