man pages section 9: DDI and DKI Kernel Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

ddi_getlongprop_buf(9F)

Name

ddi_prop_op, ddi_getprop, ddi_getlongprop, ddi_getlongprop_buf, ddi_getproplen - get property information for leaf device drivers

Synopsis

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/ddi.h>
#include <sys/sunddi.h>

int ddi_prop_op(dev_t dev, dev_info_t *dip, ddi_prop_op_t prop_op, 
     int flags, char *name, caddr_t valuep, int *lengthp);
int ddi_getprop(dev_t dev, dev_info_t *dip, int flags, char *name,
      int defvalue);
int ddi_getlongprop(dev_t dev, dev_info_t *dip, int flags, char *name,
      caddr_t valuep, int *lengthp);
int ddi_getlongprop_buf(dev_t dev, dev_info_t *dip, int flags, char *name,
     caddr_t valuep, int *lengthp);
int ddi_getproplen(dev_t dev, dev_info_t *dip, int flags, char *name,
      int *lengthp);

Interface Level

Solaris DDI specific (Solaris DDI). The ddi_getlongprop(), ddi_getlongprop_buf(), ddi_getprop(), and ddi_getproplen() functions are obsolete. Use ddi_prop_lookup(9F) instead of ddi_getlongprop(), ddi_getlongprop_buf(), and ddi_getproplen(). Use ddi_prop_get_int(9F) instead of ddi_getprop()

Parameters

dev

Device number associated with property or DDI_DEV_T_ANY as the wildcard device number.

dip

Pointer to a device info node.

prop_op

Property operator.

flags

Possible flag values are some combination of:

DDI_PROP_DONTPASS

do not pass request to parent device information node if property not found

DDI_PROP_CANSLEEP

the routine may sleep while allocating memory

DDI_PROP_NOTPROM

do not look at PROM properties (ignored on architectures that do not support PROM properties)

name

String containing the name of the property.

valuep

If prop_op is PROP_LEN_AND_VAL_BUF, this should be a pointer to the users buffer. If prop_op is PROP_LEN_AND_VAL_ALLOC, this should be the address of a pointer.

lengthp

On exit, *lengthp will contain the property length. If prop_op is PROP_LEN_AND_VAL_BUF then before calling ddi_prop_op(), lengthp should point to an int that contains the length of callers buffer.

defvalue

The value that ddi_getprop() returns if the property is not found.

Description

The ddi_prop_op() function gets arbitrary-size properties for leaf devices. The routine searches the device's property list. If it does not find the property at the device level, it examines the flags argument, and if DDI_PROP_DONTPASS is set, then ddi_prop_op() returns DDI_PROP_NOT_FOUND. Otherwise, it passes the request to the next level of the device info tree. If it does find the property, but the property has been explicitly undefined, it returns DDI_PROP_UNDEFINED. Otherwise it returns either the property length, or both the length and value of the property to the caller via the valuep and lengthp pointers, depending on the value of prop_op, as described below, and returns DDI_PROP_SUCCESS. If a property cannot be found at all, DDI_PROP_NOT_FOUND is returned.

Usually, the dev argument should be set to the actual device number that this property applies to. However, if the dev argument is DDI_DEV_T_ANY, the wildcard dev, then ddi_prop_op() will match the request based on name only (regardless of the actual dev the property was created with). This property/dev match is done according to the property search order which is to first search software properties created by the driver in last-in, first-out (LIFO) order, next search software properties created by the system in LIFO order, then search PROM properties if they exist in the system architecture.

Property operations are specified by the prop_op argument. If prop_op is PROP_LEN, then ddi_prop_op() just sets the callers length, *lengthp, to the property length and returns the value DDI_PROP_SUCCESS to the caller. The valuep argument is not used in this case. Property lengths are 0 for boolean properties, sizeof (int) for integer properties, and size in bytes for long (variable size) properties.

If prop_op is PROP_LEN_AND_VAL_BUF, then valuep should be a pointer to a user-supplied buffer whose length should be given in *lengthp by the caller. If the requested property exists, ddi_prop_op() first sets *lengthp to the property length. It then examines the size of the buffer supplied by the caller, and if it is large enough, copies the property value into that buffer, and returns DDI_PROP_SUCCESS. If the named property exists but the buffer supplied is too small to hold it, it returns DDI_PROP_BUF_TOO_SMALL.

If prop_op is PROP_LEN_AND_VAL_ALLOC, and the property is found, ddi_prop_op() sets *lengthp to the property length. It then attempts to allocate a buffer to return to the caller using the kmem_alloc(9F) routine, so that memory can be later recycled using kmem_free(9F). The driver is expected to call kmem_free() with the returned address and size when it is done using the allocated buffer. If the allocation is successful, it sets *valuep to point to the allocated buffer, copies the property value into the buffer and returns DDI_PROP_SUCCESS. Otherwise, it returns DDI_PROP_NO_MEMORY. Note that the flags argument may affect the behavior of memory allocation in ddi_prop_op(). In particular, if DDI_PROP_CANSLEEP is set, then the routine will wait until memory is available to copy the requested property.

The ddi_getprop() function returns boolean and integer-size properties. It is a convenience wrapper for ddi_prop_op() with prop_op set to PROP_LEN_AND_VAL_BUF, and the buffer is provided by the wrapper. By convention, this function returns a 1 for boolean (zero-length) properties.

The ddi_getlongprop() function returns arbitrary-size properties. It is a convenience wrapper for ddi_prop_op() with prop_op set to PROP_LEN_AND_VAL_ALLOC, so that the routine will allocate space to hold the buffer that will be returned to the caller via *valuep.

The ddi_getlongprop_buf() function returns arbitrary-size properties. It is a convenience wrapper for ddi_prop_op() with prop_op set to PROP_LEN_AND_VAL_BUF so the user must supply a buffer.

The ddi_getproplen() function returns the length of a given property. It is a convenience wrapper for ddi_prop_op() with prop_op set to PROP_LEN.

Return Values

The ddi_prop_op(), ddi_getlongprop(), ddi_getlongprop_buf(), and ddi_getproplen() functions return:

DDI_PROP_SUCCESS

Property found and returned.

DDI_PROP_NOT_FOUND

Property not found.

DDI_PROP_UNDEFINED

Property already explicitly undefined.

DDI_PROP_NO_MEMORY

Property found, but unable to allocate memory. lengthp points to the correct property length.

DDI_PROP_BUF_TOO_SMALL

Property found, but the supplied buffer is too small. lengthp points to the correct property length.

The ddi_getprop() function returns:

The value of the property or the value passed into the routine as defvalue if the property is not found. By convention, the value of zero length properties (boolean properties) are returned as the integer value 1.

Context

These functions can be called from user, interrupt, or kernel context, provided DDI_PROP_CANSLEEP is not set; if it is set, they cannot be called from interrupt context.

Attributes

See attributes(5) for a description of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Stability Level
ddi_getlongprop(), ddi_getlongprop_buf(), ddi_getprop(), and ddi_getproplen() functions are Obsolete

See Also

attributes(5), ddi_prop_create(9F), ddi_prop_get_int(9F), ddi_prop_lookup(9F), kmem_alloc(9F), kmem_free(9F)

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