devlinks - adds /dev entries for miscellaneous devices and pseudo-devices
/usr/sbin/devlinks [-d] [-r rootdir] [-t table-file]
devfsadm(1M) is now the preferred command for /dev and /devices and should be used instead of devlinks.
devlinks creates symbolic links from the /dev directory tree to the actual block- and character-special device nodes under the /devices directory tree. The links are created according to specifications found in the table-file
(by default /etc/devlink.tab).
devlinks is called each time the system is reconfiguration-booted, and can only be run after drvconfig(1M) is run.
The table-file (normally /etc/devlink.tab) is an ASCII file, with one line per record. Comment lines, which must contain a hash character (`#') as their first character, are allowed. Each entry must contain at least two fields,
but may contain three fields. Fields are separated by single TAB characters.
The fields are:
Specification of devinfo nodes that will have links created for them. This specification consists of one or more keyword-value pairs, where the keyword is separated from the value by an equal-sign (`='), and keyword-value pairs are separated from one another
The possible keywords are:
The devinfo device type. Possible values are specified in ddi_create_minor_node(9F)
The name of the node. This is the portion of the /devices tree entry name that occurs before the first `@' or `:' character.
The address portion of a node name. This is the portion of a node name that occurs between the `@' and the `:' characters. It is possible that a node may have a name without an address part, which is the case for many of the pseudo-device nodes.
If a number is given after the addr it specifies a match of a particular comma-separated subfield of the address field: addr1 matches the first subfield, addr2 matches the second, and so on. addr0 is
the same as addr and matches the whole field.
The minor portion of a node name − the portion of the name after the `:'. As with addr above, a number after the minor keyword specifies a subfield to match.
Of these four specifications, only the type specification must always be present.
Specification of the /dev links that correspond to the devinfo nodes. This field allows devlinks to determine matching /dev names for the /devices nodes it has found. The specification of this field uses
escape-sequences to allow portions of the /devices name to be included in the /dev name, or to allow a counter to be used in creating node names. If a counter is used to create a name, the portion of the name before the counter must
be specified absolutely, and all names in the /dev/-subdirectory that match (up to and including the counter) are considered to be subdevices of the same device. This means that they should all point to the same directory, name and address under
The possible escape-sequences are:
Substitute the device-name (name) portion of the corresponding devinfo node-name.
Substitute the nth component of the address component of the corresponding devinfo node name. Sub-components are separated by commas, and sub-component 0 is the whole address component.
Substitute the nth sub-component of the minor component of the corresponding devinfo node name. Sub-components are separated by commas, and sub-component 0 is the whole minor component.
Substitute the value of a 'counter' starting at n. There can be only one counter for each dev-spec, and counter-values will be selected so they are as low as possible while not colliding with already-existing link names.
In a dev-spec the counter sequence should not be followed by a digit, either explicitly or as a result of another escape-sequence expansion. If this occurs, it would not be possible to correctly match already-existing links to their counter entries, since it would not
be possible to unambiguously parse the already-existing /dev-name.
Optional specification of an extra /dev link that points to the initial /dev link (specified in field 2). This field may contain a counter escape-sequence (as described for the dev-spec field) but
may not contain any of the other escape-sequences. It provides a way to specify an alias of a particular /dev name.
The following options are supported:
Debugging mode − print out all devinfo nodes found, and indicate what links would be created, but do not do anything.
- –r rootdir
Use rootdir as the root of the /dev and /devices directories under which the device nodes and links are created. Changing the root directory does not change the location of the /etc/devlink.tab default
table, nor is the root directory applied to the filename supplied to the –t option.
- –t table-file
Set the table file used by devlinks to specify the links that must be created. If this option is not given, /etc/devlink.tab is used. This option gives a way to instruct devlinks just to perform a particular piece of work,
since just the links-types that devlinks is supposed to create can be specified in a command-file and fed to devlinks.
If devlinks finds an error in a line of the table-file it prints a warning message on its standard output and goes on to the next line in the table-file without performing any of the actions specified by the erroneous
If it cannot create a link for some filesystem-related reason it prints an error-message and continues with the current rule.
If it cannot read necessary data it prints an error message and continues with the next table-file line.
Using the /etc/devlink.tab
The following are examples of the /etc/devlink.tab fields:
type=ddi_display framebuffer/\M0 fb\N0
The first example states that all devices of type pseudo with a name component of win will be linked to /dev/winx, where x is the minor-component of the devinfo-name (this
is always a single-digit number for the win driver).
The second example states that all devinfo nodes of type ddi_display will be linked to entries under the /dev/framebuffer directory, with names identical to the entire minor component of the /devices name. In addition an extra link
will be created pointing from /dev/fbn to the entry under /dev/framebuffer. This entry will use a counter to end the name.
entries for the miscellaneous devices for general use
the default rule-file
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
devfsadm(1M), attributes(5), devfs(7FS), ddi_create_minor_node(9F)
It is very easy to construct mutually-contradictory link specifications, or specifications that can never be matched. The program does not check for these conditions.