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man pages section 1M: System Administration Commands

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Updated: July 2017

mtr (1m)


mtr - a network diagnostic tool


mtr  [-4|-6]  [-F FILENAME]  [--report] [--report-wide] [--xml] [--gtk]
[--curses]   [--raw]   [--csv]   [--split]   [--no-dns]    [--show-ips]
[-o FIELDS] [-y IPINFO] [--aslookup] [-i INTERVAL] [-c COUNT] [-s PACK-
[-m MAX-TTL] [--udp] [--tcp] [-P PORT] [-Z TIMEOUT] [-M MARK] HOSTNAME


MTR(8)                                mtr                               MTR(8)

       mtr - a network diagnostic tool

       mtr  [-4|-6]  [-F FILENAME]  [--report] [--report-wide] [--xml] [--gtk]
       [--curses]   [--raw]   [--csv]   [--split]   [--no-dns]    [--show-ips]
       [-o FIELDS] [-y IPINFO] [--aslookup] [-i INTERVAL] [-c COUNT] [-s PACK-
       ETSIZE] [-B BITPATTERN] [-Q TOS] [--mpls]  [-a ADDRESS]  [-f FIRST-TTL]
       [-m MAX-TTL] [--udp] [--tcp] [-P PORT] [-Z TIMEOUT] [-M MARK] HOSTNAME

       mtr combines the functionality of the traceroute and ping programs in a
       single network diagnostic tool.

       As mtr starts, it investigates the network connection between the  host
       mtr  runs  on  and HOSTNAME by sending packets with purposely low TTLs.
       It continues to send packets with low TTL, noting the response time  of
       the  intervening  routers.   This allows mtr to print the response per-
       centage and response times of the internet route to HOSTNAME.  A sudden
       increase  in  packet  loss or response time is often an indication of a
       bad (or simply overloaded) link.

       The results  are  usually  reported  as  round-trip-response  times  in
       miliseconds and the percentage of packetloss.

       -h, --help
              Print the summary of command line argument options.

       -v, --version
              Print the installed version of mtr.

       -4     Use IPv4 only.

       -6     Use IPv6 only.  (IPV4 may be used for DNS lookups).

       -F FILENAME, --filename FILENAME

       -r, --report
              This  option  puts mtr into report mode.  When in this mode, mtr
              will run for the number of cycles specified by  the  -c  option,
              and then print statistics and exit.

              This  mode  is  useful  for  generating statistics about network
              quality.  Note that each running instance  of  mtr  generates  a
              significant amount of network traffic.  Using mtr to measure the
              quality of your network may result in decreased network  perfor-

       -w, --report-wide
              This  option puts mtr into wide report mode.  When in this mode,
              mtr will not cut hostnames in the report.

       -x, --xml
              Use this option to tell mtr to use the xml output format.   This
              format is better suited for automated processing of the measure-
              ment results.

       -t, --curses
              Use this option to force mtr to use the  curses  based  terminal
              interface (if available).

       -g, --gtk
              Use  this  option  to force mtr to use the GTK+ based X11 window
              interface (if available).  GTK+ must have been available on  the
              system  when  mtr  was built for this to work.  See the GTK+ web
              page at http://www.gtk.org/ for more information about GTK+.

       -l, --raw
              Use this option to tell mtr to use the raw output format.   This
              format is better suited for archival of the measurement results.
              It could be parsed to be presented into any of the other display

       -C, --csv

       -p, --split
              Use this option to set mtr to spit out a format that is suitable
              for a split-user interface.

       -n, --no-dns
              Use this option to force mtr to display numeric IP  numbers  and
              not try to resolve the host names.

       -b, --show-ips
              Use  this  option to tell mtr to display both the host names and
              numeric IP numbers.  In split mode this adds an extra  field  to
              the  output.   In report mode, there is usually too little space
              to add the IPs, and they will be truncated.  Use the wide report
              (-w) mode to see the IPs in report mode.

       -o FIELDS, --order FIELDS
              Use  this option to specify which fields to display and in which
              order.  You may use one or more  space  characters  to  separate
              Available fields:

                                 |L | Loss ratio          |
                                 |D | Dropped packets     |
                                 |R | Received packets    |
                                 |S | Sent Packets        |
                                 |N | Newest RTT(ms)      |
                                 |B | Min/Best RTT(ms)    |
                                 |A | Average RTT(ms)     |
                                 |W | Max/Worst RTT(ms)   |
                                 |V | Standard Deviation  |
                                 |G | Geometric Mean      |
                                 |J | Current Jitter      |
                                 |M | Jitter Mean/Avg.    |
                                 |X | Worst Jitter        |
                                 |I | Interarrival Jitter |
              Example: -o "LSD NBAW  X"

       -y n, --ipinfo n

       -z, --aslookup

       -i SECONDS, --interval SECONDS
              Use  this  option  to  specify  the  positive  number of seconds
              between ICMP ECHO requests.  The default value for this  parame-
              ter is one second.  The root user may choose values between zero
              and one.

       -c COUNT, --report-cycles COUNT
              Use this option to set the number of  pings  sent  to  determine
              both  the  machines  on the network and the reliability of those
              machines.  Each cycle lasts one second.

       -s PACKETSIZE, --psize PACKETSIZE
              This option sets the packet size used for  probing.   It  is  in
              bytes, inclusive IP and ICMP headers.

              If  set to a negative number, every iteration will use a differ-
              ent, random packet size up to that number.

       -B NUM, --bitpattern NUM
              Specifies bit pattern to use in payload.  Should be within range
              0 - 255.  If NUM is greater than 255, a random pattern is used.

       -Q NUM, --tos NUM
              Specifies  value for type of service field in IP header.  Should
              be within range 0 - 255.

       -e, --mpls
              Use this option to tell mtr to  display  information  from  ICMP
              extensions  for MPLS (RFC 4950) that are encoded in the response

       -a ADDRESS, --address ADDRESS
              Use this option to bind the outgoing socket to ADDRESS, so  that
              all  packets  will be sent with ADDRESS as source address.  NOTE
              that this option doesn't apply to DNS requests (which  could  be
              and could not be what you want).

       -f NUM, --first-ttl NUM
              Specifies with what TTL to start.  Defaults to 1.

       -m NUM, --max-ttl NUM
              Specifies  the  maximum  number of hops (max time-to-live value)
              traceroute will probe.  Default is 30.

       -u, --udp
              Use UDP datagrams instead of ICMP ECHO.

       -T, --tcp
              Use TCP  SYN  packets  instead  of  ICMP  ECHO.   PACKETSIZE  is
              ignored, since SYN packets can not contain data.

       -P PORT, --port PORT
              The target port number for TCP traces.

       -Z SECONDS, --timeout SECONDS
              The  number of seconds to keep the TCP socket open before giving
              up on the connection.  This will  only  affect  the  final  hop.
              Using  large  values  for this, especially combined with a short
              interval, will use up a lot of file descriptors.

       -M MARK, --mark MARK

       mtr recognizes a few environment variables.

              This environment variable allows to specify options, as if  they
              were  passed  on  the command line.  It is parsed before reading
              the actual command line options, so that  options  specified  in
              MTR_OPTIONS are overriden by command-line options.


              MTR_OPTIONS="-4 -c 1" mtr -6 localhost

              would  send  one probe (because of -c 1) towards ::1 (because of
              -6, which overrides the -4 passed in MTR_OPTIONS).

              Used for the GTK+ frontend.

       Some modern routers give a lower priority to ICMP ECHO packets than  to
       other  network traffic.  Consequently, the reliability of these routers
       reported by mtr will be significantly lower than the actual reliability
       of these routers.

       For  the  latest  version,  see  the mtr web page at http://www.bitwiz-

       The mtr mailinglist was little used and is no longer active.

       For patches, bug reports, or feature requests, please open an issue  on
       GitHub at: https://github.com/traviscross/mtr.

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability   | network/mtr      |
       |Stability      | Uncommitted      |
       traceroute(8), ping(8) TCP/IP Illustrated (Stevens, ISBN 0201633469).

       This     software     was    built    from    source    available    at
       https://java.net/projects/solaris-userland.   The  original   community
       source   was  downloaded  from   https://github.com/traviscross/mtr/ar-

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at http://www.bitwizard.nl/mtr/.

mtr                              July 12, 2014                          MTR(8)