man pages section 1: User Commands

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Updated: July 2014

montage (1)


montage - arate images. The images are tiled on the composite image optionally adorned with a border, frame, image name, and more.


montage input-file[s] [options] output-file


User Commands                                          montage(1)

     montage - create a composite image by combining several sep-
     arate images. The images are tiled on  the  composite  image
     optionally  adorned  with  a  border, frame, image name, and

     montage input-file[s] [options] output-file

     The montage program is a member of the ImageMagick(1)  suite
     of  tools.   Use it to create a composite image by combining
     several separate images. The images are tiled on the compos-
     ite  image  optionally  adorned  with a border, frame, image
     name, and more.

     For more information about the montage command,  point  your
     browser  to file:///usr/share/doc/ImageMagick-6.8.3/www/mon-
     tage.html or

     Image Settings:
       -adjoin              join images into a single multi-image
       -affine matrix       affine transform matrix
       -authenticate value  decrypt image with this password
       -blue-primary point  chromaticity blue primary point
       -bordercolor color   border color
       -channel type        apply option to select image channels
       -colors  value         preferred  number  of colors in the
       -colorspace type     alternate image colorsapce
       -comment string      annotate image with comment
       -compose operator    composite operator
       -compress type       type of pixel compression when  writ-
     ing the image
       -define format:option
                            define   one  or  more  image  format
       -density geometry    horizontal and  vertical  density  of
     the image
       -depth value         image depth
       -display server      query font from this X server
       -dispose method      layer disposal method
       -dither method       apply error diffusion to image
       -draw  string          annotate  the  image with a graphic
       -encoding type       text encoding type
       -endian type         endianness (MSB or LSB) of the image
       -extract geometry    extract area from image
       -fill color          color to use when filling  a  graphic

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User Commands                                          montage(1)

       -filter  type          use  this  filter  when resizing an
       -font name           render text with this font
       -format "string"     output formatted  image  characteris-
       -gamma value         level of gamma correction
       -geometry geometry   preferred tile and border sizes
       -gravity direction   which direction to gravitate towards
       -green-primary point chromaticity green primary point
       -identify             identify the format and characteris-
     tics of the image
       -interlace type      type of image interlacing scheme
       -interpolate method  pixel color interpolation method
       -kerning value       set the space between two letters
       -label string        assign a label to an image
       -limit type value    pixel cache resource limit
       -matte               store matte channel if the image  has
       -mattecolor color    frame color
       -mode type           framing style
       -monitor             monitor progress
       -page  geometry       size and location of an image canvas
       -pointsize value     font point size
       -profile filename    add, delete, or apply an  image  pro-
       -quality value       JPEG/MIFF/PNG compression level
       -quantize colorspace reduce colors in this colorspace
       -quiet               suppress all warning messages
       -red-primary point   chromaticity red primary point
       -regard-warnings     pay attention to warning messages
       -sampling-factor geometry
                            horizontal and vertical sampling fac-
       -scenes range        image scene range
       -seed value          seed a new sequence of  pseudo-random
       -set attribute value set an image attribute
       -shadow               add a shadow beneath a tile to simu-
     late depth
       -size geometry       width and height of image
       -stroke color        color to use when stroking a  graphic
       -support  factor       resize  support: > 1.0 is blurry, <
     1.0 is sharp
       -synchronize         synchronize image to storage device
       -texture filename    name of  texture  to  tile  onto  the
     image background
       -thumbnail geometry  create a thumbnail of the image
       -tile geometry       number of tiles per row and column
       -title  string         decorate  the  montage image with a

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User Commands                                          montage(1)

       -transparent-color color
                            transparent color
       -treedepth value     color tree depth
       -trim                trim image edges
       -units type          the units of image resolution
       -verbose             print detailed information about  the
       -virtual-pixel method
                            virtual pixel access method
       -white-point point   chromaticity white point

     Image Operators:
       -adaptive-sharpen geometry
                            adaptively  sharpen  pixels; increase
     effect near edges
       -annotate geometry text
                            annotate the image with text
       -blur geometry      reduce image noise and  reduce  detail
       -border geometry     surround image with a border of color
       -crop geometry       preferred size and  location  of  the
     cropped image
       -flatten             flatten a sequence of images
       -flip                flip image in the vertical direction
       -flop                 flop  image in the horizontal direc-
       -frame geometry      surround  image  with  an  ornamental
       -monochrome          transform image to black and white
       -polaroid angle      simulate a Polaroid picture
       -repage  geometry     size and location of an image canvas
       -resize geometry     resize the image
       -rotate degrees      apply Paeth rotation to the image
       -strip               strip image of all profiles and  com-
       -transform           affine transform image
       -transparent  color    make  this color transparent within
     the image
       -type type           image type
       -unsharp geometry    sharpen the image

     Image Sequence Operators:
       -coalesce            merge a sequence of images

     Image Stack Operators:
       -clone indexes       clone an image
       -delete indexes       delete  the  image  from  the  image
       -duplicate count,indexes
                             duplicate an image one or more times
       -insert index        insert  last  image  into  the  image

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User Commands                                          montage(1)

       -swap indexes        swap two images in the image sequence

     Miscellaneous Options:
       -debug events        display copious debugging information
       -help                print program options
       -log format          format of debugging information
       -list  type            print  a  list  of supported option
       -version             print version information

     In addition to those listed above,  you  can  specify  these
     standard  X resources as command line options:  -background,
     -bordercolor, -borderwidth, -font, -mattecolor, or -title.

     By default, the image format of `file' is determined by  its
     magic number.  To specify a particular image format, precede
     the filename with an image format name  and  a  colon  (i.e.
     ps:image)  or  specify the image type as the filename suffix
     (i.e.  Specify 'file' as '-' for  standard  input
     or output.

     See   attributes(5)   for   descriptions  of  the  following

     |Availability   | image/imagemagick |
     |Stability      | Volatile          |

     Copyright (C) 1999-2013 ImageMagick Studio  LLC.  Additional
     copyrights   and   licenses  apply  to  this  software,  see
     file:///usr/share/doc/ImageMagick-6.8.3/www/license.html  or

     This   software   was   built   from   source  available  at   The   original
     community  source  was  downloaded  from   http://image_mag-

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User Commands                                          montage(1)

     Further information about this software can be found on  the
     open   source   community  website  at  http://www.imagemag-

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