man pages section 1: User Commands

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Updated: July 2014

stat (1)


stat - display file or file system status


stat [OPTION]... FILE...


User Commands                                             STAT(1)

     stat - display file or file system status

     stat [OPTION]... FILE...

     Display file or file system status.

     -L, --dereference
          follow links

     -f, --file-system
          display file system status instead of file status

     -c  --format=FORMAT
          use the specified FORMAT instead of the default; output
          a newline after each use of FORMAT

          like --format, but interpret backslash escapes, and  do
          not output a mandatory trailing newline.  If you want a
          newline, include \n in FORMAT

     -t, --terse
          print the information in terse form

          display this help and exit

          output version information and exit

     The valid format sequences for  files  (without  --file-sys-

     %a   access rights in octal

     %A   access rights in human readable form

     %b   number of blocks allocated (see %B)

     %B   the size in bytes of each block reported by %b

     %C   SELinux security context string

     %d   device number in decimal

     %D   device number in hex

     %f   raw mode in hex

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User Commands                                             STAT(1)

     %F   file type

     %g   group ID of owner

     %G   group name of owner

     %h   number of hard links

     %i   inode number

     %m   mount point

     %n   file name

     %N   quoted file name with dereference if symbolic link

     %o   optimal I/O transfer size hint

     %s   total size, in bytes

     %t   major device type in hex

     %T   minor device type in hex

     %u   user ID of owner

     %U   user name of owner

     %w   time of file birth, human-readable; - if unknown

     %W   time of file birth, seconds since Epoch; 0 if unknown

     %x   time of last access, human-readable

     %X   time of last access, seconds since Epoch

     %y   time of last modification, human-readable

     %Y   time of last modification, seconds since Epoch

     %z   time of last change, human-readable

     %Z   time of last change, seconds since Epoch

     Valid format sequences for file systems:

     %a   free blocks available to non-superuser

     %b   total data blocks in file system

     %c   total file nodes in file system

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User Commands                                             STAT(1)

     %d   free file nodes in file system

     %f   free blocks in file system

     %i   file system ID in hex

     %l   maximum length of filenames

     %n   file name

     %s   block size (for faster transfers)

     %S   fundamental block size (for block counts)

     %t   file system type in hex

     %T   file system type in human readable form

     NOTE:  your  shell  may  have its own version of stat, which
     usually supersedes the version described here.  Please refer
     to  your shell's documentation for details about the options
     it supports.

     Written by Michael Meskes.

     Report stat bugs to
     GNU coreutils home page:  <
     General  help  using GNU software: <
     Report  stat  translation  bugs  to  <http://translationpro->

     Copyright  (C)  2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License
     GPLv3+:     GNU     GPL     version     3      or      later
     This  is  free  software:  you are free to change and redis-
     tribute it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the  extent  permitted
     by law.

     See   attributes(5)   for   descriptions  of  the  following

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User Commands                                             STAT(1)

     |Availability   | file/gnu-coreutils |
     |Stability      | Uncommitted        |

     The full documentation for stat is maintained as  a  Texinfo
     manual.    If  the  info  and  stat  programs  are  properly
     installed at your site, the command

          info coreutils 'stat invocation'

     should give you access to the complete manual.

     This  software  was   built   from   source   available   at    The  original
     community       source       was       downloaded       from

     Further  information about this software can be found on the
     open source community  website  at

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