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man pages section 8: System Administration Commands

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019

fping (8)


fping - send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts


fping [ options ] [ systems... ] fping6 [ options ] [ systems... ]


FPING(8)                                                              FPING(8)

       fping - send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts

       fping [ options ] [ systems... ] fping6 [ options ] [ systems... ]

       fping is a program like ping which uses the Internet Control Message
       Protocol (ICMP) echo request to determine if a target host is
       responding.  fping differs from ping in that you can specify any number
       of targets on the command line, or specify a file containing the lists
       of targets to ping.  Instead of sending to one target until it times
       out or replies, fping will send out a ping packet and move on to the
       next target in a round-robin fashion.  In the default mode, if a target
       replies, it is noted and removed from the list of targets to check; if
       a target does not respond within a certain time limit and/or retry
       limit it is designated as unreachable. fping also supports sending a
       specified number of pings to a target, or looping indefinitely (as in
       ping ). Unlike ping, fping is meant to be used in scripts, so its
       output is designed to be easy to parse.

       The binary named fping6 is the same as fping, except that it uses IPv6
       addresses instead of IPv4.

       -a   Show systems that are alive.

       -A   Display targets by address rather than DNS name. Combined with -d,
            the output will be both the ip and (if available) the hostname.

       -b n Number of bytes of ping data to send.  The minimum size (normally
            12) allows room for the data that fping needs to do its work
            (sequence number, timestamp).  The reported received data size
            includes the IP header (normally 20 bytes) and ICMP header (8
            bytes), so the minimum total size is 40 bytes.  Default is 56, as
            in ping. Maximum is the theoretical maximum IP datagram size
            (64K), though most systems limit this to a smaller, system-
            dependent number.

       -B n Backoff factor. In the default mode, fping sends several requests
            to a target before giving up, waiting longer for a reply on each
            successive request.  This parameter is the value by which the wait
            time (-t) is multiplied on each successive request; it must be
            entered as a floating-point number (x.y). The default is 1.5.

       -c n Number of request packets to send to each target.  In this mode, a
            line is displayed for each received response (this can suppressed
            with -q or -Q).  Also, statistics about responses for each target
            are displayed when all requests have been sent (or when

       -C n Similar to -c, but the per-target statistics are displayed in a
            format designed for automated response-time statistics gathering.
            For example:

             % fping -C 5 -q somehost
             somehost : 91.7 37.0 29.2 - 36.8

            shows the response time in milliseconds for each of the five
            requests, with the "-" indicating that no response was received to
            the fourth request.

       -d   Use DNS to lookup address of return ping packet. This allows you
            to give fping a list of IP addresses as input and print hostnames
            in the output.

       -D   Add Unix timestamps in front of output lines generated with in
            looping or counting modes (-l, -c, or -C).

       -e   Show elapsed (round-trip) time of packets.

       -f   Read list of targets from a file.  This option can only be used by
            the root user. Regular users should pipe in the file via stdin:

             % fping < targets_file

       -g addr/mask
            Generate a target list from a supplied IP netmask, or a starting
            and ending IP.  Specify the netmask or start/end in the targets
            portion of the command line. If a network with netmask is given,
            the network and broadcast addresses will be excluded. ex. To ping
            the network, the specified command line could look
            like either:

             fping -g


             fping -g

       -h   Print usage message.

       -i n The minimum amount of time (in milliseconds) between sending a
            ping packet to any target (default is 25, minimum is 1).

       -l   Loop sending packets to each target indefinitely. Can be
            interrupted with Ctrl-C; statistics about responses for each
            target are then displayed.

       -m   Send pings to each of a target host's multiple IP addresses (use
            of option '-A' is recommended).

       -M   Set the "Don't Fragment" bit in the IP header (used to
            determine/test the MTU).

       -n   Same as -d.

       -N   Format output for netdata (-l -Q are required). See:

       -o   Calculate "outage time" based on the number of lost pings and the
            interval used (useful for network convergence tests).

       -O n Set the typ of service flag (TOS). n can be either decimal or
            hexadecimal (0xh) format.

       -p <n>
            In looping or counting modes (-l, -c, or -C), this parameter sets
            the time in milliseconds that fping waits between successive
            packets to an individual target. Default is 1000 and minimum is

       -q   Quiet. Don't show per-probe results, but only the final summary.
            Also don't show ICMP error messages.

       -Q n Like -q, but show summary results every n seconds.

       -r n Retry limit (default 3). This is the number of times an attempt at
            pinging a target will be made, not including the first try.

       -R   Instead of using all-zeros as the packet data, generate random
            bytes.  Use to defeat, e.g., link data compression.

       -s   Print cumulative statistics upon exit.

       -S addr
            Set source address.

       -I if
            Set the interface (requires SO_BINDTODEVICE support)

       -t n Initial target timeout in milliseconds (default 500). In the
            default mode, this is the amount of time that fping waits for a
            response to its first request.  Successive timeouts are multiplied
            by the backoff factor specified with -B.  Note that this option
            has no effect looping or counting modes (-l, -c, or -C).

       -T n Ignored (for compatibility with fping 2.4).

       -u   Show targets that are unreachable.

       -v   Print fping version information.

       -H n Set the IP TTL field (time to live hops).

       Generate ~1000 pings per second to a host until canceled, printing
       statistics on the fly at one second intervals, and printing statistics
       at the end:

       # fping -s -l -i 1 -p 1 -T 1 -Q 1

       Note that ping intervals less than 1ms can only be used as root.

       o   Roland J. Schemers III, Stanford University, concept and versions

       o   RL "Bob" Morgan, Stanford University, versions 2.x

       o   David Papp, versions 2.3x and up

       o   David Schweikert, versions 3.0 and up

       fping website: <http://www.fping.org>

       Exit status is 0 if all the hosts are reachable, 1 if some hosts were
       unreachable, 2 if any IP addresses were not found, 3 for invalid
       command line arguments, and 4 for a system call failure.

       In order to avoid users mistakingly flooding the network, the following
       values are not allowed for non-root users:

       o   -i n, where n < 1 msec

       o   -p n, where n < 10 msec

       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability   | diagnostic/fping |
       |Stability      | Volatile         |

       This software was built from source available at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.  The original community
       source was downloaded from  http://www.fping.org/dist/fping-3.16.tar.gz

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at http://www.fping.org/.

fping                             2017-02-09                          FPING(8)