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man pages section 8: System Administration Commands

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

raidctl(8)

Name

raidctl - RAID hardware utility

Synopsis

raidctl -C "disks" [-r raid_level] [-z capacity] [-s stripe_size] [-f]
     controller
raidctl -d [-f] volume
raidctl -F filename [-f] controller
raidctl -a {set | unset} -g disk {volume | controller}
raidctl -p "param=value" [-f] volume 
raidctl -c [-f] [-r raid_level] disk1 disk2 [disk3...]
raidctl -l -g disk controller
raidctl -l volume
raidctl -l controller
raidctl [-l]
raidctl -S [volume | controller]
raidctl -S -g disk controller
raidctl -h

Description

The raidctl utility is a hardware RAID configuration tool that supports different RAID controllers by providing a CLI (command-line interface) to end-users to create, delete or display RAID volume(s). The utility can also used to set properties of a volume, assign hot-spare (HSP) disks to volumes or controllers, and to update firmware/fcode/BIOS for RAID controllers.

The raidctl utility requires privileges that are controlled by the underlying file system permissions. Only privileged users can manipulate the RAID system configuration. If a non-privileged user attempts to run raidctl, the command fails with an exit status of 1.

The raidctl utility, as described in this man page, defines a broad set of command line options to provide management for full-featured RAID controllers. However, support for a given option depends on two elements:

  • the presence of a software driver

  • the firmware level of the RAID device

The dependency on a software driver is due to the design of raidctl. The utility is built on a common library that enables the insertion of plug-in modules for different drivers. Currently, the Solaris operating system is shipped with a plug-in for the mpt driver. This plug-in does not support all of the raidctl options. On a given storage device, options might be further limited by the device's firmware level.

The level of support for the various raidctl options cannot be determined by raidctl. The user must rely on the documentation for the RAID controller or hardware platform.

Currently, raidctl Currently, raidctl provides some level of support for the following RAID controllers:

  • LSI1020 SCSI HBA

  • LSI1030 SCSI HBA

  • LSI1064 SAS HBA

  • LSI1068 SAS HBA

All of the above HBAs are maintained by the mpt driver, on X86-32/64 and SPARC platforms.

Options

The following options are supported:

-C "disks" [-r raid_level] [-z capacity] [-s stripe_size] [-f] controller

Create a RAID volume using specified disks.

When creating a RAID volume using this option, the identity of the newly created volume is automatically generated and raidctl reports it to the user.

The argument specified by this option contains the elements used to form the volume that is created. Elements can be either disks or sub-volumes, where disks are separated by space(s) and a sub-volume is a set of disks grouped by parenthesis. All disks should be in C.ID.L expression (for example, 0.1.2 represents a physical disk of channel 0, target id 1, and logical unit number 2). The argument must match the RAID level specified by the -r option, even if it's omitted. This means the argument can only be:

for RAID 0

At least 2 disks

for RAID 1

Only 2 disks

for RAID 1E

At least 3 disks

for RAID 5

At least 3 disks

for RAID 10

At least 2 sub-volumes, each sub-volume must be formed by 2 disks

for RAID 50

At least 2 sub-volumes, each sub-volume must be formed by at least 3 disks, and the disk amount in each sub-volume should be the same

For example, the expression “0.0.0 0.1.0” means that the 2 specified disks form a RAID volume, which can either be a RAID 0 or a RAID 1 volume. “(0.0.0 0.1.0)(0.2.0 0.3.0)” means that the first 2 disks and the last 2 disks form 2 sub-volumes, and that these 2 sub-volumes form a RAID 10 volume. See the EXAMPLES section for more samples.

The -r option specifies the RAID level of the volume that is created. Possible levels are 0, 1, 1E, 5, 10, 50. If this option is omitted, raidctl creates a RAID 1 volume by default.

The -z option specifies the capacity of the volume that is created. The unit can be tera-bytes, giga-bytes, or mega-bytes (for example, 2t, 10g, 20m, and so on). If this option is omitted, raidctl calculates the maximum capacity of the volume that can be created by the specified disks and uses this value to create the volume.

The -s option specifies the stripe size of the volume that is created. The possible values are 512, 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 16k, 32k, 64k, or 128k. If this option is omitted, raidctl chooses an appropriate value for the volume (for example, 64k).

In some cases, the creation of a RAID volume can cause data on specified disks to be lost (for instance, on LSI1020, LSI1030, SAS1064, or SAS1068 HBAs), and raidctl prompts the user for confirmation about the creation. Use the -f option to force the volume creation without prompting the user for confirmation.

The controller argument is used to identify which RAID controller the specified disks belongs. The -l option can be used to list the controller's ID number.

-d [-f] volume

Delete the RAID volume specified as volume. The volume is specified in canonical form (for example, c0t0d0).

When a volume is deleted, all data is lost. Therefore, unless the -f option is specified, raidctl prompts the user for confirmation before deleting the volume.

-F filename [-f] controller

Update the firmware running on the specified controller(s). The raidctl utility prompts the user for confirmation of this action, unless the -f option is provided.

-a {set | unset} -g disk {volume | controller}

If the volume is specified, raidctl sets or unsets the disk as a local hot-spare disk dedicated to the volume, depending on the value specified by the -a option. If the controller is specified, raidctl sets or unsets the disk as a global hot-spare disk.

-p "param=value" [-f] volume

Change the property value for a given RAID volume. This option can be used to change cache write policy or to activate a volume. When changing the cache write policy, param should be the string wp (SET_WR_POLICY), and value can be either on or off. When used to activate a volume, param should be state and value should be activate.

Changing a RAID volume's property can affect the internal behavior of the RAID controller, so raidctl prompts the user for a confirmation before applying the change, unless the -f option is specified.

-c [-f] [-r raid_level] disk1 disk2 [disk3...]

Create a volume using the specified disks. This is an alternative to the -C option with similar functionality. This option is preserved for compatibility reasons, but only works with LSI1020, LSI1030, SAS1064, and SAS1068 HBAs to create RAID 0, RAID 1, or RAID 1E volumes. For other HBAs, the user can only use the -C option.

The -r option can be used to specify the RAID level of the target volume. If the -r option is omitted, raidctl creates a RAID 1 volume.

Disks must be specified in Solaris canonical format (for example, c0t0d0).

Creating a RAID 1 volume with this option replaces the contents of disk2 with the contents of disk1.

When the user creates a RAID volume with this option, the RAID volume assumes the identity of disk1. Other disks become invisible and the RAID volume appears as one disk.

Creating a volume with this option is by default interactive. The user must answer a prompt affirmatively to create the volume. Use the -f option to force the volume creation without prompting the user for confirmation.

-l -g disk controller

Display information about the specified disk of the given controller. The output includes the following information:

Disk

Displays the disk in C.ID.L expression disk.

Vendor

Displays the vendor ID string.

Product

Displays the product ID string.

Capacity

Displays the total capacity of the disk.

Status

Displays the current status of disk. The status can be either “GOOD” (operating normally), “FAILED” (non-functional), or “MISSING” (disk not present).

HSP

Indicates if the disk has been set as a global hot-spare disk, local hot-spare disk, or a normal one. If it is a local hot-spare disk, all volumes which this disk is assigned to are displayed.

GUID

GUID string for the specified disk. This is an additional datum and might be unavailable in some cases.

–l volume

Display information about the specified volume. The output includes the following information:

Volume

Displays volume in canonical format.

Sub

Displays sub-volumes, if the specified volume is of RAID 10 or RAID 50 volume.

Disk

Displays all disks that form the specified volume.

Stripe Size

Displays the stripe size of the volume.

Status

Displays the status of the specified volume, or the sub-volumes or disks that form the specified volume. For an inactive volume, the status should be INACTIVE; otherwise it can be OPTIMAL (operating optimally), DEGRADED (operating with reduced functionality), FAILED (non-functional), or SYNC (disks are syncing). For a disk, the status can be GOOD, FAILED, or MISSING.

Cache

Indicates whether the cache is applied to I/O write activities. The cache can be either “ON” or “OFF”.

RAID level

Displays the RAID level. The RAID level can be either 0, 1, 1E, 5, 10, or 50.

–l controller ...

Display information about the specified controller(s). The output includes the following information:

Controller

Displays the RAID controller's ID number.

Type

Displays the RAID controller's product type.

fw_version

Displays the controller's firmware version.

[–l]

List all RAID related objects that the raidctl utility can manipulate, including all available RAID controllers, RAID volumes, and physical disks. The -l option can be omitted.

The output includes the following information:

Controller

Displays the RAID controller's ID number.

Volume

Displays the logical RAID volume name.

Disk

Displays the RAID disk in C.ID.L expression.

-S [volume | controller]

Takes a snapshot of the RAID configuration information including all available RAID devices, RAID controllers, volumes, and disks.

Each line of the output specifies a RAID device and its related information, separated by space(s). All volumes and disks belong to the last specified controller.

The output lists the following information:

Controller

Displays the controller ID number, and the controller type string in double-quotation marks.

Volume

Displays the RAID volume name, number of component disks, the C.ID.L expression of the component disks, the RAID level, and the status. The status can be either OPTIMAL, DEGRADED, FAILED, or SYNCING.

Disk

Displays the C.ID.L expression of the disk, and the status. The status can be either GOOD, FAILED, or HSP (disk has been set as a stand-by disk).

If a volume or a controller is specified, a snapshot is only taken of the information for the specified volume or controller.

-S -g disk controller

Takes a snapshot of the information for the specified disk.

-h

Print out the usage string.

Examples

Example 1 Creating the RAID Configuration

The following command creates a RAID 0 volume of 10G on controller 0, and the stripe size is set to 64k:


# raidctl -C "0.0.0 0.2.0" -r 0 -z 10g -s 64k 0

The following command creates a RAID 1 volume on controller 2:


# raidctl -C "0.0.0 1.1.0" -r 1 2

The following command creates a RAID 5 volume on controller 2:


# raidctl -C "0.0.0 0.1.0 0.2.0" -r 5 2

The following command creates a RAID 10 volume on controller 0:


# raidctl -C "(0.0.0 0.1.0)(0.2.0 0.3.0)" -r 10 0

The following command creates a RAID 50 volume on controller 0:


# raidctl -C "(0.0.0 0.1.0 0.2.0)(0.3.0 0.4.0 0.5.0)" -r 50 0
Example 2 Displaying the RAID Configuration

The following command displays all available controllers, volumes, and disks:


# raidctl -l

Controller: 0
Controller: 2
         Volume:c2t0d0
         Disk: 0.0.0
         Disk: 0.1.0
         Disk: 0.2.0
         Disk: 0.3.0(HSP)

The following command displays information about controller 2:


# raidctl -l 2

Controller      Type            Fw_version
--------------------------------------------------------------
c2              LSI 1030        1.03.39.00

The following command displays information about the specified volume:


# raidctl -l c2t0d0

Volume                  Size    Stripe  Status  Cache   RAID
         Sub                     Size                    Level
                Disk
--------------------------------------------------------------
c2t0d0                 10240M  64K     OPTIMAL ON      RAID5
                0.0.0   5120M           GOOD
                0.1.0   5120M           GOOD
                0.2.0   5120M           GOOD

The following command displays information about disk 0.0.0 on controller 0:


# raidctl -l -g 0.0.0  0

Disk    Vendor  Product         Firmware Capacity        Status  HSP
--------------------------------------------------------------------
0.0.0   HITACHI H101473SCSUN72G SQ02     68.3G           GOOD    N/A
GUID:2000000cca02536c
Example 3 Deleting the RAID Configuration

The following command deletes a volume:


# raidctl -d c0t0d0

Example 4 Updating Flash Images on the Controller

The following command updates flash images on the controller 0:


# raidctl -F lsi_image.fw 0

Example 5 Setting or Unsetting a Hot-Spare Disk

The following command sets disk 0.3.0 on controller 2 as a global hot-spare disk:


# raidctl -a set -g 0.3.0 2

The following command sets disk 0.3.0 on controller 2 as a local hot-spare disk to volume c2t0d0:


# raidctl -a set -g 0.3.0 c2t0d0

The following command converts disk 0.3.0 on controller 2 from a global hot-spare disk to a normal one:


# raidctl -a unset -g 0.3.0 2

The following command removes disk 0.3.0 from being a local hot-spare disk from volume c2t0d0:


# raidctl -a unset -g 0.3.0 c2t0d0

Example 6 Setting the Volume's Property

The following command sets the write policy of the volume to “off”:


# raidctl -a set -p "wp=off" c0t0d0

Example 7 Creating Volumes with the –c Option

The following command creates a RAID 1 volume:


# raidctl -c c0t0d0 c0t1d0

The following command creates a RAID 0 volume:


# raidctl -c -r 0 c0t1d0 c0t2d0 c0t3d0

Example 8 Taking a Snapshot of the RAID Configuration

The following command takes a snapshot of all RAID devices:


# # raidctl -S

1 "LSI 1030"
c1t1d0 2 0.2.0 0.3.0 1 DEGRADED
0.2.0 GOOD
0.3.0 FAILED

The following command takes a snapshot about volume c1t0d0:


# raidctl -S c1t0d0

c1t0d0 2 0.0.0 0.1.0 1 OPTIMAL

The following command takes a snapshot about disk 0.1.0 on controller 1:


# raidctl -S -g 0.1.0 1

0.1.0 GOOD

Exit Status

The following exit values are returned:

0

Successful completion.

1

Invalid command line input or permission denied.

2

Request operation failed.

Attributes

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Availability
system/storage/raid-utilities
Interface Stability
Committed

See Also

mpt(4D), attributes(7)

Warnings

Do not create raid volumes on internal SAS disks if you are going to use the Solaris Multipathing I/O feature (also known as MPxIO). Creating a new raid volume under Solaris Multipathing gives your root device a new GUID which does not match the GUID for the existing devices. This causes a boot failure since your root device entry in /etc/vfstab does not match.

Notes

The –z option is not supported on systems that use the mpt driver and LSI RAID controllers.