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man pages section 8: System Administration Commands

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

php-fpm (8)

Name

php-fpm - FPM'

Synopsis

php-fpm [options]

Description

PHP-FPM(8)                    Scripting Language                    PHP-FPM(8)



NAME
       php-fpm - PHP FastCGI Process Manager 'PHP-FPM'

SYNOPSIS
       php-fpm [options]

DESCRIPTION
       PHP  is  a widely-used general-purpose scripting language that is espe-
       cially suited for Web development and can be embedded into  HTML.  This
       is  a  variant of PHP that will run in the background as a daemon, lis-
       tening for CGI requests.  Output  is  logged  to  /var/php/7.3/log/php-
       fpm.log.

       Most  options are set in the configuration file. The configuration file
       is /etc/php/7.3/php-fpm.conf. By default, php-fpm will respond  to  CGI
       requests  listening  on  localhost  http  port  9000. Therefore php-fpm
       expects your webserver to forward all requests for '.php' files to port
       9000  and  you  should edit your webserver configuration file appropri-
       ately.

OPTIONS
       -C             Do not chdir to the script's directory

       --php-ini path|file
       -c path|file   Look for php.ini file in the directory path or  use  the
                      specified file

       --no-php-ini
       -n             No php.ini file will be used

       --define foo[=bar]
       -d foo[=bar]   Define INI entry foo with value bar

       -e             Generate extended information for debugger/profiler

       --help
       -h             This help

       --info
       -i             PHP information and configuration

       --modules
       -m             Show compiled in modules

       --version
       -v             Version number --prefix path

       -p             Specify   alternative   prefix   path  (the  default  is
                      /usr/php/7.3)

       --pid file
       -g             Specify the PID file location.

       --fpm-config file
       -y             Specify alternative path to FastCGI process manager con-
                      figuration   file   (the  default  is  /etc/php/7.3/php-
                      fpm.conf)

       --test
       -t             Test FPM configuration file and  exit  If  called  twice
                      (-tt), the configuration is dumped before exiting.

       --daemonize
       -D             Force  to  run in background and ignore daemonize option
                      from configuration file.

       --nodaemonize
       -F             Force to stay in foreground and ignore daemonize  option
                      from configuration file.

       --force-stderr
       -O             Force  output to stderr in nodaemonize even if stderr is
                      not a TTY.

       --allow-to-run-as-root
       -R             Allow pool to run as root (disabled by default)

FILES
       php-fpm.conf   The configuration file for the php-fpm daemon.

       php.ini        The standard php configuration file.

EXAMPLES
       For any unix systems which use init.d for their main  process  manager,
       you  should  use the init script provided to start and stop the php-fpm
       daemon.

              sudo /etc/init.d/php-fpm start

       For any unix systems which use systemd for their main process  manager,
       you  should  use  the  unit file provided to start and stop the php-fpm
       daemon.

              sudo systemctl start php-fpm.service

       If your installation has no appropriate  init  script,  launch  php-fpm
       with  no  arguments. It will launch as a daemon (background process) by
       default. The file /var/php/7.3/run/php-fpm.pid determines whether  php-
       fpm  is  already up and running. Once started, php-fpm then responds to
       several POSIX signals:

              SIGINT,SIGTERM      immediate termination
              SIGQUIT             graceful stop
              SIGUSR1             re-open log file
              SIGUSR2             graceful reload of all workers +  reload  of
              fpm conf/binary

TIPS
       The  PHP-FPM  CGI  daemon  will work well with most popular webservers,
       including Apache2, lighttpd and nginx.

ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:


       +---------------+------------------+
       |ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE  |
       +---------------+------------------+
       |Availability   | web/php-73       |
       +---------------+------------------+
       |Stability      | Volatile         |
       +---------------+------------------+
SEE ALSO
       The PHP-FPM website:
       http://php-fpm.org

       For a more or less complete description of PHP look here:
       http://www.php.net/manual/

       A nice introduction to PHP by Stig Bakken can be found here:
       http://www.zend.com/zend/art/intro.php

BUGS
       You can view the list of known bugs or report any new bug you found at:
       http://bugs.php.net

AUTHORS
       PHP-FPM SAPI was written by Andrei Nigmatulin.  The  mailing-lists  are
       highload-php-en (English) and highload-php-ru (Russian).

       The PHP Group: Thies C. Arntzen, Stig Bakken, Andi Gutmans, Rasmus Ler-
       dorf, Sam Ruby, Sascha Schumann, Zeev  Suraski,  Jim  Winstead,  Andrei
       Zmievski.

       A List of active developers can be found here:
       http://www.php.net/credits.php

       And last but not least PHP was developed with the help of a huge amount
       of contributors all around the world.

VERSION INFORMATION
       This manpage describes php-fpm, version 7.3.2.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
       Copyright (c) 2007-2009, Andrei Nigmatulin

       This source file is subject to version 3.01 of the PHP license, that is
       bundled with this package in the file LICENSE, and is available through
       the world-wide-web at the following url:
       http://www.php.net/license/3_01.txt

       If you did not receive a copy of the PHP  license  and  are  unable  to
       obtain   it   through   the  world-wide-web,  please  send  a  note  to
       license@php.net so we can mail you a copy immediately.



NOTES
       This    software    was    built    from    source     available     at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.    The  original  community
       source                was                downloaded                from
       http://php.net/get/php-7.3.2.tar.xz/from/this/mirror

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at http://php.net/.



The PHP Group                        2018                           PHP-FPM(8)