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man pages section 8: System Administration Commands

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

mpathadm(8)

Name

mpathadm - multipath discovery and administration

Synopsis

mpathadm subcommand 
direct-object [options] [operand
]

Description

The mpathadm command enables multipathing discovery and management. The mpathadm command is implemented as a set of subcommands, many with their own options, that are described in the section for that subcommand. Options not associated with a particular subcommand are described under OPTIONS. The mpathadm subcommands operate on a direct-object. These are described in this section for each subcommand. The direct-objects, initiator-port, target-port, and logical-unit in the subcommands are consistent with SCSI standard definitions.

The mpathadm command supports the following subcommands, which are described in detail in subsections that follow.

list

Display a list of discovered instances for a given object.

show

Display information about a given object instance.

modify

Modify properties of an object.

enable

Enable an object.

disable

Disable an object.

failover

Cause target port group failover for a logical-unit.

override

Set a path to be used over other paths on a logical-unit.

The mpathadm subcommands operate on a direct-object . These are described in this section for each subcommand.

list Subcommand

The syntax for the list subcommand is:

# mpathadm list direct-object [
operands...]

The list subcommand displays data for following direct-objects:

mpath-support [mpath-support-name , ...]

List the multipathing support that can be administered by this CLI. This presents itself in the form of a library name registered through the MPAPI framework. If no mpath-support name mpath-support-name is specified, all registered multipathing support libraries will be displayed.

initiator-port [initiator-port-name , ...]

List the initiator ports that are discovered on this system. If no initiator-port-name is specified, all discovered initiator ports are displayed.

{logical-unit | lu} [options] [logical-unit-name, ...]

List the information on multipath logical units. If no logical-unit-name is specified, all discovered logical-units will be displayed.

Options for list logical-unit are as follows:

–n, –name name

Return the logical unit name that is associated with the given name string. This name can be extracted from the output of the mpathadm show lu command.

–t, –target-port target-port-name

Return the list of logical units names that are associated with the given target-port-name.

show Subcommand

The syntax for the show subcommand is:

# mpathadm show direct-object [options] [
operands...]

The show subcommand displays detailed information for following the direct-objects:

mpath-support [mpath-support-name , ...]

Show the detailed information on the given mpath-support-name if the name exists. If the given mpath-support-name supports only a limited set of device products, the list of device products will be listed as part of the output.

initiator-port [initiator-port-name , ...]

Show the detailed information for the given initiator-port-name . If no initiator-port-name is specified, all discovered initiator-ports will be displayed in detail.

{logical-unit | lu} [logical-unit-name, ...]

Display the detailed information on multipath logical unit(s), including path and target port group information. If no logical-unit-name is specified, all discovered logical unit(s) will be displayed in detail. Note that the name property in the logical unit information represents the identifier for this LUN, derived from the hardware, and used by this system. If the name is derived from SCSI Inquiry Vital Product Data (VPD) page 83h, the name type property represents an associated identifier type defined by the SCSI standards.

Options for show logical-unit are as follows:

–e, –-path-missing

Display overall discovered logical unit information with only missing paths.

modify Subcommand

The syntax for the modify subcommand is:

# mpathadm modify direct-object [
options] [operands...]

The modify subcommand modifies characteristics of the following direct-objects:

mpath-support [options] mpath-support-name, ...

Configuration management of an mpath-support. Options to modify mpath-support are as follows:

–a, –autofailback on | off

Set autofailback. Applicable only when mpath-support provides auto failback support.

–p, –autoprobe on | off

Set autoprobing. Applicable only when mpath-support provides auto probing support.

–b, –loadbalance loadbalance-type

Change the default load balance type. The loadbalance type is one of the supported types listed in the show mpath-support output.

{logical-unit | lu} [options] logical-unit-name, ...

Configuration management of a logical unit. Options to modify logical-unit are as follows:

–a, –autofailback on | off

Set autofailback. Applicable only when mpath-support provides auto failback support

–p, –autoprobe on | off

Set autoprobing. Applicable only when mpath-support provides auto probing support.

–b, –loadbalance loadbalance-type

Set load balance type for the logical unit. Applicable only when load balance configuration is supported at the logical unit level.

enable Subcommand

The syntax for the enable subcommand is:

# mpathadm enable [options]

The enable subcommand supports the following direct-objects to be enabled:

path –i initiator-port-name –t target-port-name
–l logical-unit-name

The path that consists of the specified initiator port, target port, and logical unit will be enabled.

disable Subcommand

The syntax for the disable subcommand is:

# mpathadm disable [options]

The disable subcommand supports the following direct-objects to be disabled:

path –i initiator-port-name –t target-port-name
–l logical-unit-name

The path that consists of the specified initiator port, target port, and logical unit will be disabled.

failover Subcommand

The syntax for the failover subcommand is:

# mpathadm failover direct-object [
operand]

The failover subcommand supports failover for the following direct-objects:

{logical-unit | lu} logical-unit-name

The target port group will failover when the given logical-unit is asymmetric and supports explicit state change. The currently active target port group will be changed to the standby state and the standby target port group will be active. State of an unavailable target port group cannot be changed.

override Subcommand

The syntax for the override subcommand is:

# mpathadm override [options]

The override subcommand controls whether or not the following direct-objects override another:

path {–i initiator-port-name – t target-port-name | –c}
–l logical-unit-name

Cause a path that consists of the specified initiator port, target port, and logical unit to override other paths on the logical unit. Once a path overrides other paths, the mpath-support uses only that path regardless of any other path selection configuration. The –c option cancels the setting. The path that consists of the specified initiator port, target port, and logical unit will be disabled.

Options for override path are as follows:

–i, –initiator-port initiator-port-name

Represent the initiator port element of a path. Options –t and –l must also be included.

–t, –target-port target-port-name

Represent the target port element of a path. Options –i and – l must also be included.

–l, –logical-unit logical-unit

Represent the logical unit element of a path. Options –i and – t must also be included.

–c, –cancel

Cancels overriding setting for the given logical unit. Option – l must also be included.

Options

The following options are supported:

–V, –version

Display the version information.

–?, –help

Display context help. Can be used following an mpathadm command with no arguments, following a subcommand, or following a subcommand direct-object combination. Responds with help information appropriate for your entry. For example, if you enter:

# mpathadm add mpath-support-help

... mpathadm responds with a display of the options available for that combination of subcommand and direct-object.

Examples

Example 1 Obtaining a List of Multipathing Support

The following command uses the list subcommand to list all currently registered mpath-support libraries.

# mpathadm list mpath-support
mpath-support: libmpscsi_vhci.so
Example 2 Displaying the Properties of a Particular Multipathing Support

The following command uses the show subcommand to display the properties for a currently registered mpath-support library.

# mpathadm show mpath-support libmpscsi_vhci.so
mpath-support:	libmpscsi_vhci.so
       Vendor:  Sun Microsystems
       Driver Name:  scsi_vhci
       Default Load Balance:  round-robin
       Supported Load Balance Types:
              round-robin
	      logical-block
Allows To Activate Target Port Group Access:  yes
Allows Path Override:  no
Supported Auto Failback Config:	 1
Auto Failback:	on
Failback Polling Rate (current/max):  0/0
Supported Auto Probing Config:	0
Auto Probing:  NA
Probing Polling Rate (current/max):  NA/NA
Supported Devices:
       Vendor:	 SUN
       Product:  T300
       Revision:
       Supported Load Balance Types:
              round-robin
       Vendor:	 SUN
       Product:  T4
       Revision:
       Supported Load Balance Types:
              round-robin
Example 3 Obtaining a List of Initiator Ports Discovered Through the mpath-support Libraries

The following command uses the list initiator-port subcommand to display a list of initiator ports discovered by the currently registered mpath-support libraries.

# mpathadm list initiator-port
Initiator-Port: iqn.1986-03.com.sun:01:080020b7ac2b.437a3b3e,4000002a0000
Initiator-Port: 2000000173018713
Initiator-Port: 2000000173818713
Example 4 Displaying the Properties of a Particular Initiator Port

The following command uses the show initiator-port subcommand to display the properties of a particular initiator port discovered using the list initiator-port subcommand in an example above.

# mpathadm show initiator-port 2000000173018713
initiator-port:	 2000000173018713
        Transport Type:	 Fibre Channel
        OS device File:	 devices/pci@1f,4000/pci@2/SUNW,qlca@5/fp@0,0:fc
Example 5 Displaying the Properties of a Particular Logical Unit

The following command uses the show logical-unit subcommand to display the properties of the logical unit with the specified name.

# mpathadm show lu /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2

Logical Unit: /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
	       mpath-support libmpscsi_vhci.so
	       Vendor: SUN
	       Product: T4
	       Revision: 0301
	Name Type: SCSI Inquiry VPD Page 83 type 3
	Name: 60003ba27d2120004204ac2b000dab00
	Asymmetric: yes
	Current Load Balance: round-robin
	Logical Unit Group ID: NA
	Aauto Failback: on
	Auto Probing: NA

Paths:
	Initiator Port Name: 2000000173818713
	Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d212
	Override Path: NA
	Path State: OK
	Disabled: no

	Initiator Port Name: 2000000173018713
	Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d095
	Override Path: NA
	Path State: OK
	Disabled: no

Target Port Group:
	ID: 2
	Explicit Failover: yes
	Access State: standby
	Target Ports:
			Name: 20030003ba27d212
		   Relative ID: 0

	ID: 5
	Explicit Failover: yes
	Access State: active
	Target Ports
			Name: 20030003ba27d095
		   Relative ID: 0

Example 6 Enabling a Path

The following command uses the enable path subcommand to enable the path with the specified initiator port, target port, and logical unit.

# mpathadm enable path -i 2000000173018713 -t 20030003ba27d095	 \
-l /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
Example 7 Modifying mpath-support To Turn On autofailback
# mpathadm modify mpath-support -a on libmpscsi_vhci.so
Example 8 Displaying the Overall Information About Host Initiator Port

The following command displays the overall information about host initiator port.

# mpathadm show initiator-port
Initiator Port:  210100e08ba41feb
      Transport Type:  Fibre Channel
	      OS Device File:  /devices/pci@1,0/pci1022,7450@1/pci1077,141@2,1/fp@0,0
Initiator Port: iqn.1986-03.com.sun:01:ffffffffffff.519c6677,4000002a00ff
	      Transport Type:  iSCSI
	      OS Device File:  /devices/iscsi
Example 9 Displaying the Overall Information About the Logical Unit With Only Missing Paths

The following command displays the overall information about the logical unit with only missing paths.

# mpathadm show lu -e
Logical Unit:  /dev/rdsk/c0t600A0B800026D63A000091344DBF39C4d0s2
	       mpath-support:  libmpscsi_vhci.so
		  		Vendor:  SUN     
   		Product:  CSM200_R        
       Revision:  0660
 		  Name Type:  unknown type
   		Name:  600a0b800026d63a000091344dbf39c4
   		Asymmetric:  yes
   		Current Load Balance:  round-robin
       Logical Unit Group ID:  NA
       Auto Failback:  on
       Auto Probing:  NA

   		Paths:
								Initiator Port Name:  210100e08ba41feb
								Target Port Name:  200900a0b826d63b
								Override Path:  NA
								Path State:  OK
								Disabled:  no

								Initiator Port Name:  210100e08ba41feb
								Target Port Name:  200800a0b826d63c
								Override Path:  NA
								Path State:  unavailable
								Disabled:  no
	
   		Target Port Groups:
								ID:  1
								Explicit Failover:  yes
								Access State:  active
								Target Ports:
								Name:  200900a0b826d63b
								Relative ID:  0

								ID:  3
								Explicit Failover:  yes
								Access State:  unavailable
								Target Ports:
								Name:  200800a0b826d63c
								Relative ID:  0

Attributes

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Availability
system/storage/multipath-utilities
system/library/storage/libmpapi (exec_attr(5) entry)
Interface Stability
Committed
CLI Output
Not an interface

See Also

libMPAPI(3LIB), exec_attr(5), attributes(7), stmsboot(8)