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man pages section 8: System Administration Commands

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

httpd (8)

Name

httpd - Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol Server

Synopsis

httpd [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C directive ] [ -c directive ]
[ -D parameter ] [ -e level ] [ -E file  ]  [  -k  start|restart|grace-
ful|stop|graceful-stop ] [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -v ] [ -V
] [ -X ] [ -M ] [ -T ]


On Windows systems, the following additional arguments are available:


httpd [ -k install|config|uninstall ] [ -n name ] [ -w ]

Description

HTTPD(8)                             httpd                            HTTPD(8)



NAME
       httpd - Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol Server


SYNOPSIS
       httpd [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C directive ] [ -c directive ]
       [ -D parameter ] [ -e level ] [ -E file  ]  [  -k  start|restart|grace-
       ful|stop|graceful-stop ] [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -v ] [ -V
       ] [ -X ] [ -M ] [ -T ]


       On Windows systems, the following additional arguments are available:


       httpd [ -k install|config|uninstall ] [ -n name ] [ -w ]



SUMMARY
       httpd is the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server  program.
       It is designed to be run as a standalone daemon process. When used like
       this it will create a pool of child  processes  or  threads  to  handle
       requests.


       In  general, httpd should not be invoked directly, but rather should be
       invoked via apachectl on Unix-based systems or as a service on  Windows
       NT, 2000 and XP and as a console application on Windows 9x and ME.



OPTIONS
       -d serverroot
              Set  the  initial  value for the ServerRoot directive to server-
              root. This can be overridden by the ServerRoot directive in  the
              configuration file. The default is /usr/local/apache2.

       -f config
              Uses  the  directives  in  the file config on startup. If config
              does not begin with a /, then it is taken to be a path  relative
              to the ServerRoot. The default is conf/httpd.conf.

       -k start|restart|graceful|stop|graceful-stop
              Signals  httpd  to  start, restart, or stop. See Stopping Apache
              httpd for more information.

       -C directive
              Process the configuration directive before reading config files.

       -c directive
              Process the configuration directive after reading config files.

       -D parameter
              Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with <IfDefine>
              sections  in  the  configuration  files to conditionally skip or
              process commands at server startup and restart. Also can be used
              to   set   certain   less-common  startup  parameters  including
              -DNO_DETACH (prevent the parent from forking)  and  -DFOREGROUND
              (prevent the parent from calling setsid() et al).

       -e level
              Sets the LogLevel to level during server startup. This is useful
              for temporarily increasing the verbosity of the  error  messages
              to find problems during startup.

       -E file
              Send error messages during server startup to file.

       -h     Output a short summary of available command line options.

       -l     Output a list of modules compiled into the server. This will not
              list dynamically loaded modules included  using  the  LoadModule
              directive.

       -L     Output a list of directives provided by static modules, together
              with expected arguments and places where the directive is valid.
              Directives provided by shared modules are not listed.

       -M     Dump a list of loaded Static and Shared Modules.

       -S     Show the settings as parsed from the config file (currently only
              shows the virtualhost settings).

       -T (Available in 2.3.8 and later)
              Skip document root check at startup/restart.

       -t     Run syntax tests for configuration files only. The program imme-
              diately  exits  after  these  syntax parsing tests with either a
              return code of 0 (Syntax OK) or return code not equal to 0 (Syn-
              tax  Error).  If -D DUMP_VHOSTS is also set, details of the vir-
              tual host configuration will be printed. If -D DUMP_MODULES   is
              set, all loaded modules will be printed.

       -v     Print the version of httpd, and then exit.

       -V     Print the version and build parameters of httpd, and then exit.

       -X     Run httpd in debug mode. Only one worker will be started and the
              server will not detach from the console.


       The following arguments are available only on the Windows platform:



       -k install|config|uninstall
              Install Apache httpd as a Windows  NT  service;  change  startup
              options  for  the Apache httpd service; and uninstall the Apache
              httpd service.

       -n name
              The name of the Apache httpd service to signal.

       -w     Keep the console window open on error so that the error  message
              can be read.




ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:


       +---------------+----------------------+
       |ATTRIBUTE TYPE |   ATTRIBUTE VALUE    |
       +---------------+----------------------+
       |Availability   | web/server/apache-24 |
       +---------------+----------------------+
       |Stability      | Uncommitted          |
       +---------------+----------------------+
NOTES
       This     software     was    built    from    source    available    at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.   The  original   community
       source         was         downloaded         from          https://ar-
       chive.apache.org/dist/httpd/httpd-2.4.39.tar.gz

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at https://httpd.apache.org/.



Apache HTTP Server                2018-07-06                          HTTPD(8)