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Updated: Thursday, March 14, 2019
 
 

bind (1t)

Name

bind - Arrange for X events to invoke Tcl scripts

Synopsis

bind tag ?sequence? ?+??script?

Description

bind(1t)                     Tk Built-In Commands                     bind(1t)



______________________________________________________________________________

NAME
       bind - Arrange for X events to invoke Tcl scripts

SYNOPSIS
       bind tag ?sequence? ?+??script?
______________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION
       The  bind  command  associates Tcl scripts with X events.  If all three
       arguments are specified, bind will arrange for script (a Tcl script) to
       be  evaluated whenever the event(s) given by sequence occur in the win-
       dow(s) identified by tag.  If script is prefixed with a "+", then it is
       appended  to  any  existing  binding  for  sequence;   otherwise script
       replaces any existing binding.  If script is an empty string  then  the
       current  binding  for  sequence is destroyed, leaving sequence unbound.
       In all of the cases where a script argument is provided,  bind  returns
       an empty string.

       If  sequence  is  specified without a script, then the script currently
       bound to sequence is returned, or an empty string is returned if  there
       is  no  binding for sequence.  If neither sequence nor script is speci-
       fied, then the return value is  a  list  whose  elements  are  all  the
       sequences for which there exist bindings for tag.

       The tag argument determines which window(s) the binding applies to.  If
       tag begins with a dot, as in .a.b.c, then it must be the path name  for
       a  window; otherwise it may be an arbitrary string.  Each window has an
       associated list of tags, and a binding applies to a  particular  window
       if its tag is among those specified for the window.  Although the bind-
       tags command may be used to assign an arbitrary set of binding tags  to
       a window, the default binding tags provide the following behavior:

       o  If  a  tag  is the name of an internal window the binding applies to
          that window.

       o  If the tag is the name of a toplevel window the binding  applies  to
          the toplevel window and all its internal windows.

       o  If  the  tag  is the name of a class of widgets, such as Button, the
          binding applies to all widgets in that class;

       o  If tag has the value all, the binding applies to all windows in  the
          application.

EVENT PATTERNS
       The  sequence  argument  specifies a sequence of one or more event pat-
       terns, with optional white space between the patterns.  Each event pat-
       tern  may take one of three forms.  In the simplest case it is a single
       printing ASCII character, such as a or [.  The character may not  be  a
       space  character  or  the  character <.  This form of pattern matches a
       KeyPress event for the particular character.  The second form  of  pat-
       tern is longer but more general.  It has the following syntax:
              <modifier-modifier-type-detail>
       The  entire  event pattern is surrounded by angle brackets.  Inside the
       angle brackets are zero or more modifiers, an event type, and an  extra
       piece  of  information  (detail)  identifying  a  particular  button or
       keysym.  Any of the fields may be omitted, as long as at least  one  of
       type  and  detail  is  present.   The fields must be separated by white
       space or dashes.

       The third form of pattern is used to specify a user-defined, named vir-
       tual event.  It has the following syntax:
              <<name>>
       The  entire  virtual event pattern is surrounded by double angle brack-
       ets.  Inside the angle brackets is the user-defined name of the virtual
       event.  Modifiers, such as Shift or Control, may not be combined with a
       virtual event to modify it.  Bindings on a virtual event may be created
       before the virtual event is defined, and if the definition of a virtual
       event changes dynamically, all windows bound to that virtual event will
       respond immediately to the new definition.

       Some  widgets  (e.g.  menu  and  text)  issue virtual events when their
       internal state is updated in some ways.  Please see the manual page for
       each widget for details.

   MODIFIERS
       Modifiers consist of any of the following values:

              Control                 Mod1, M1, Command
              Alt                     Mod2, M2, Option
              Shift                   Mod3, M3
              Lock                    Mod4, M4
              Extended                Mod5, M5
              Button1, B1             Meta, M
              Button2, B2             Double
              Button3, B3             Triple
              Button4, B4             Quadruple
              Button5, B5

       Where  more  than  one value is listed, separated by commas, the values
       are equivalent.  Most of the modifiers have  the  obvious  X  meanings.
       For example, Button1 requires that button 1 be depressed when the event
       occurs.  For a binding to match a given event,  the  modifiers  in  the
       event  must  include  all  of those specified in the event pattern.  An
       event may also contain additional modifiers not specified in the  bind-
       ing.   For  example, if button 1 is pressed while the shift and control
       keys are down, the pattern <Control-Button-1> will match the event, but
       <Mod1-Button-1> will not.  If no modifiers are specified, then any com-
       bination of modifiers may be present in the event.

       Meta and M refer to whichever of the M1 through M5 modifiers is associ-
       ated  with the Meta key(s) on the keyboard (keysyms Meta_R and Meta_L).
       If there are no Meta keys, or if they are not associated with any modi-
       fiers,  then  Meta and M will not match any events.  Similarly, the Alt
       modifier refers to whichever modifier is associated with the alt key(s)
       on the keyboard (keysyms Alt_L and Alt_R).

       The Double, Triple and Quadruple modifiers are a convenience for speci-
       fying double mouse clicks and other repeated events. They cause a  par-
       ticular  event pattern to be repeated 2, 3 or 4 times, and also place a
       time and space requirement on the sequence: for a sequence of events to
       match  a  Double,  Triple  or Quadruple pattern, all of the events must
       occur close together in time and without substantial  mouse  motion  in
       between.    For  example,  <Double-Button-1>  is  equivalent  to  <But-
       ton-1><Button-1> with the extra time and space requirement.

       The Command and Option modifiers are equivalents of  Mod1  resp.  Mod2,
       they correspond to Macintosh-specific modifier keys.

       The  Extended modifier is, at present, specific to Windows.  It appears
       on events that are associated with the keys on the "extended keyboard".
       On a US keyboard, the extended keys include the Alt and Control keys at
       the right of the keyboard, the cursor keys in the cluster to  the  left
       of  the  numeric  pad,  the NumLock key, the Break key, the PrintScreen
       key, and the / and Enter keys in the numeric keypad.

   EVENT TYPES
       The type field may be any of the standard X event  types,  with  a  few
       extra  abbreviations.   The  type  field will also accept a couple non-
       standard X event types that were added to better support the  Macintosh
       and  Windows  platforms.  Below is a list of all the valid types; where
       two names appear together, they are synonyms.

              Activate              Destroy         Map
              ButtonPress, Button   Enter           MapRequest
              ButtonRelease         Expose          Motion
              Circulate             FocusIn         MouseWheel
              CirculateRequest      FocusOut        Property
              Colormap              Gravity         Reparent
              Configure             KeyPress, Key   ResizeRequest
              ConfigureRequest      KeyRelease      Unmap
              Create                Leave           Visibility
              Deactivate

       Most of the above events have the same fields and behaviors  as  events
       in  the X Windowing system.  You can find more detailed descriptions of
       these events in any X window programming book.  A couple of the  events
       are  extensions to the X event system to support features unique to the
       Macintosh and Windows platforms.  We provide a little  more  detail  on
       these events here.  These include:

       Activate, Deactivate
            These  two  events are sent to every sub-window of a toplevel when
            they change state.  In addition to the focus Window, the Macintosh
            platform  and  Windows platforms have a notion of an active window
            (which often has but is not required to have the focus).   On  the
            Macintosh,  widgets  in the active window have a different appear-
            ance than widgets in deactive windows.  The Activate event is sent
            to  all  the  sub-windows in a toplevel when it changes from being
            deactive to active.  Likewise, the Deactive event is sent when the
            window's state changes from active to deactive.  There are no use-
            ful percent substitutions you would make  when  binding  to  these
            events.

       MouseWheel
            Many  contemporary  mice  support a mouse wheel, which is used for
            scrolling documents without using the scrollbars.  By rolling  the
            wheel,  the system will generate MouseWheel events that the appli-
            cation can use to scroll.  Like Key events  the  event  is  always
            routed  to  the window that currently has focus. When the event is
            received you can use the %D substitution to get  the  delta  field
            for  the  event, which is a integer value describing how the mouse
            wheel has moved.  The smallest value for  which  the  system  will
            report  is  defined  by  the  OS. The sign of the value determines
            which direction your widget should scroll.  Positive values should
            scroll up and negative values should scroll down.

       KeyPress, KeyRelease
            The KeyPress and KeyRelease events are generated whenever a key is
            pressed or released.  KeyPress and KeyRelease events are  sent  to
            the window which currently has the keyboard focus.

       ButtonPress, ButtonRelease, Motion
            The  ButtonPress  and  ButtonRelease events are generated when the
            user presses or releases a mouse button.  Motion events are gener-
            ated  whenever  the pointer is moved.  ButtonPress, ButtonRelease,
            and Motion events are normally sent to the window  containing  the
            pointer.

            When  a mouse button is pressed, the window containing the pointer
            automatically obtains a temporary pointer grab.   Subsequent  But-
            tonPress,  ButtonRelease,  and  Motion events will be sent to that
            window, regardless of which window contains the pointer, until all
            buttons have been released.

       Configure
            A Configure event is sent to a window whenever its size, position,
            or border width changes, and sometimes when it has  changed  posi-
            tion in the stacking order.

       Map, Unmap
            The  Map and Unmap events are generated whenever the mapping state
            of a window changes.

            Windows are created in  the  unmapped  state.   Top-level  windows
            become  mapped  when  they transition to the normal state, and are
            unmapped in the withdrawn and iconic states.  Other windows become
            mapped  when  they  are placed under control of a geometry manager
            (for example pack or grid).

            A window is viewable only if it  and  all  of  its  ancestors  are
            mapped.   Note  that  geometry managers typically do not map their
            children until they have been mapped  themselves,  and  unmap  all
            children  when  they  become  unmapped;  hence in Tk Map and Unmap
            events indicate whether or not a window is viewable.

       Visibility
            A window is said to be obscured when another window  above  it  in
            the  stacking  order  fully  or partially overlaps it.  Visibility
            events are generated whenever a window's obscurity state  changes;
            the state field (%s) specifies the new state.

       Expose
            An  Expose  event  is  generated  whenever all or part of a window
            should be redrawn (for example, when a window is first  mapped  or
            if  it  becomes  unobscured).   It  is  normally not necessary for
            client applications to handle Expose events, since Tk handles them
            internally.

       Destroy
            A Destroy event is delivered to a window when it is destroyed.

            When the Destroy event is delivered to a widget, it is in a "half-
            dead" state: the widget still exists, but most  operations  on  it
            will fail.

       FocusIn, FocusOut
            The  FocusIn  and  FocusOut events are generated whenever the key-
            board focus changes.  A FocusOut event is sent to  the  old  focus
            window, and a FocusIn event is sent to the new one.

            In  addition, if the old and new focus windows do not share a com-
            mon parent, "virtual crossing" focus events are sent to the inter-
            mediate  windows in the hierarchy.  Thus a FocusIn event indicates
            that the target window or one of its descendants has acquired  the
            focus,  and  a  FocusOut  event  indicates that the focus has been
            changed to a window outside the target window's hierarchy.

            The keyboard focus may be changed explicitly by a call  to  focus,
            or implicitly by the window manager.

       Enter, Leave
            An  Enter  event  is sent to a window when the pointer enters that
            window, and a Leave event is sent when the pointer leaves it.

            If there is a pointer grab in effect, Enter and Leave  events  are
            only delivered to the window owning the grab.

            In addition, when the pointer moves between two windows, Enter and
            Leave "virtual crossing" events are sent to  intermediate  windows
            in  the  hierarchy  in the same manner as for FocusIn and FocusOut
            events.

       Property
            A Property event is sent  to  a  window  whenever  an  X  property
            belonging  to  that window is changed or deleted.  Property events
            are not normally delivered to Tk applications as they are  handled
            by the Tk core.

       Colormap
            A  Colormap  event  is  generated whenever the colormap associated
            with a window has been changed, installed, or uninstalled.

            Widgets may be assigned a private colormap by specifying  a  -col-
            ormap option; the window manager is responsible for installing and
            uninstalling colormaps as necessary.

            Note that Tk provides no useful details for this event type.

       MapRequest, CirculateRequest, ResizeRequest, ConfigureRequest, Create
            These events are not normally delivered to Tk applications.   They
            are  included  for  completeness, to make it possible to write X11
            window managers in Tk.  (These events are only  delivered  when  a
            client  has  selected SubstructureRedirectMask on a window; the Tk
            core does not use this mask.)

       Gravity, Reparent, Circulate
            The events Gravity and Reparent are not normally delivered  to  Tk
            applications.  They are included for completeness.

            A  Circulate  event indicates that the window has moved to the top
            or to the bottom of the stacking order as a result of  an  XCircu-
            lateSubwindows protocol request.  Note that the stacking order may
            be changed for other reasons which do  not  generate  a  Circulate
            event, and that Tk does not use XCirculateSubwindows() internally.
            This event type is included only for  completeness;  there  is  no
            reliable way to track changes to a window's position in the stack-
            ing order.

   EVENT DETAILS
       The last part of a long event specification is detail.  In the case  of
       a  ButtonPress  or  ButtonRelease  event,  it is the number of a button
       (1-5).  If a button number is given, then only an event on that partic-
       ular button will match;  if no button number is given, then an event on
       any button will match.  Note:  giving a specific button number is  dif-
       ferent  than specifying a button modifier; in the first case, it refers
       to a button being pressed or released, while in the second it refers to
       some  other  button  that  is already depressed when the matching event
       occurs.  If a button number is given then type may be omitted:  if will
       default  to  ButtonPress.  For example, the specifier <1> is equivalent
       to <ButtonPress-1>.

       If the event type is KeyPress or KeyRelease, then detail may be  speci-
       fied  in  the  form of an X keysym.  Keysyms are textual specifications
       for particular keys on the keyboard; they include all the  alphanumeric
       ASCII characters (e.g.  "a" is the keysym for the ASCII character "a"),
       plus descriptions for non-alphanumeric characters ("comma"is the keysym
       for  the comma character), plus descriptions for all the non-ASCII keys
       on the keyboard (e.g.  "Shift_L" is the keysym for the left shift  key,
       and  "F1"  is  the  keysym for the F1 function key, if it exists).  The
       complete list of keysyms is not presented here;   it  is  available  in
       other  X  documentation  and may vary from system to system.  If neces-
       sary, you can use the %K notation described  below  to  print  out  the
       keysym  name  for  a particular key.  If a keysym detail is given, then
       the type field may be omitted;  it will default to KeyPress.  For exam-
       ple, <Control-comma> is equivalent to <Control-KeyPress-comma>.

BINDING SCRIPTS AND SUBSTITUTIONS
       The  script  argument  to  bind is a Tcl script, which will be executed
       whenever the given event sequence occurs.  Command will be executed  in
       the same interpreter that the bind command was executed in, and it will
       run at global level (only global variables  will  be  accessible).   If
       script  contains any % characters, then the script will not be executed
       directly.  Instead, a new script will be generated by replacing each %,
       and  the  character  following  it,  with  information from the current
       event.  The replacement depends on the character following  the  %,  as
       defined in the list below.  Unless otherwise indicated, the replacement
       string is the decimal value of the given field from the current  event.
       Some  of  the substitutions are only valid for certain types of events;
       if they are used for other types of events  the  value  substituted  is
       undefined.

       %%   Replaced with a single percent.

       %#   The number of the last client request processed by the server (the
            serial field from the event).  Valid for all event types.

       %a   The above field from the event, formatted as a hexadecimal number.
            Valid  only  for  Configure  events.  Indicates the sibling window
            immediately below the receiving window in the stacking order, or 0
            if the receiving window is at the bottom.

       %b   The number of the button that was pressed or released.  Valid only
            for ButtonPress and ButtonRelease events.

       %c   The count field from the event.  Valid  only  for  Expose  events.
            Indicates  that  there  are count pending Expose events which have
            not yet been delivered to the window.

       %d   The detail or user_data field from the event.  The %d is  replaced
            by  a  string  identifying the detail.  For Enter, Leave, FocusIn,
            and FocusOut events, the string will be one of the following:

                   NotifyAncestor          NotifyNonlinearVirtual
                   NotifyDetailNone        NotifyPointer
                   NotifyInferior          NotifyPointerRoot
                   NotifyNonlinear         NotifyVirtual

            For ConfigureRequest events, the string will be one of:

                   Above                   Opposite
                   Below                   None
                   BottomIf                TopIf

            For virtual events, the string will be whatever value is stored in
            the  user_data  field  when  the event was created (typically with
            event generate), or the empty string if the field is  NULL.   Vir-
            tual  events  corresponding to key sequence presses (see event add
            for details) set the user_data to NULL.   For  events  other  than
            these, the substituted string is undefined.

       %f   The focus field from the event (0 or 1).  Valid only for Enter and
            Leave events.  1 if the receiving window is the focus window or  a
            descendant of the focus window, 0 otherwise.

       %h   The height field from the event.  Valid for the Configure, Config-
            ureRequest, Create, ResizeRequest, and Expose  events.   Indicates
            the new or requested height of the window.

       %i   The  window  field  from  the  event, represented as a hexadecimal
            integer.  Valid for all event types.

       %k   The keycode field from the event.  Valid  only  for  KeyPress  and
            KeyRelease events.

       %m   The  mode  field from the event.  The substituted string is one of
            NotifyNormal,  NotifyGrab,  NotifyUngrab,  or  NotifyWhileGrabbed.
            Valid only for Enter, FocusIn, FocusOut, and Leave events.

       %o   The  override_redirect  field from the event.  Valid only for Map,
            Reparent, and Configure events.

       %p   The place field from the event, substituted as one of the  strings
            PlaceOnTop  or PlaceOnBottom.  Valid only for Circulate and Circu-
            lateRequest events.

       %s   The state field from the event.  For  ButtonPress,  ButtonRelease,
            Enter,  KeyPress,  KeyRelease, Leave, and Motion events, a decimal
            string is substituted.  For Visibility, one of the  strings  Visi-
            bilityUnobscured,  VisibilityPartiallyObscured, and VisibilityFul-
            lyObscured is substituted.  For Property events, substituted  with
            either  the string NewValue (indicating that the property has been
            created or modified) or Delete (indicating that the  property  has
            been removed).

       %t   The  time  field  from  the event.  This is the X server timestamp
            (typically the time since the last server reset) in  milliseconds,
            when the event occurred.  Valid for most events.

       %w   The  width  field  from the event.  Indicates the new or requested
            width of the window.  Valid only for Configure,  ConfigureRequest,
            Create, ResizeRequest, and Expose events.

       %x, %y
            The  x  and  y  fields from the event.  For ButtonPress, ButtonRe-
            lease, Motion, KeyPress, KeyRelease, and MouseWheel events, %x and
            %y  indicate  the  position  of  the mouse pointer relative to the
            receiving window.  For Enter and Leave events, the position  where
            the  mouse  pointer  crossed the window, relative to the receiving
            window.  For Configure and Create requests, the x  and  y  coordi-
            nates of the window relative to its parent window.

       %A   Substitutes  the  UNICODE character corresponding to the event, or
            the empty string if the event does not  correspond  to  a  UNICODE
            character  (e.g.  the  shift key was pressed). XmbLookupString (or
            XLookupString when input method support is turned  off)  does  all
            the  work  of  translating  from the event to a UNICODE character.
            Valid only for KeyPress and KeyRelease events.

       %B   The border_width field from the event.  Valid only for  Configure,
            ConfigureRequest, and Create events.

       %D   This  reports  the  delta  value of a MouseWheel event.  The delta
            value represents the rotation  units  the  mouse  wheel  has  been
            moved.  The  sign  of the value represents the direction the mouse
            wheel was scrolled.

       %E   The send_event field from the event.  Valid for all  event  types.
            0  indicates that this is a "normal" event, 1 indicates that it is
            a "synthetic" event generated by SendEvent.

       %K   The keysym corresponding to the event, substituted  as  a  textual
            string.  Valid only for KeyPress and KeyRelease events.

       %M   The number of script-based binding patterns matched so far for the
            event.  Valid for all event types.

       %N   The keysym corresponding to the event, substituted  as  a  decimal
            number.  Valid only for KeyPress and KeyRelease events.

       %P   The  name  of  the property being updated or deleted (which may be
            converted to an XAtom using winfo atom.) Valid only  for  Property
            events.

       %R   The  root window identifier from the event.  Valid only for events
            containing a root field.

       %S   The subwindow window identifier from the  event,  formatted  as  a
            hexadecimal  number.  Valid only for events containing a subwindow
            field.

       %T   The type field from the event.  Valid for all event types.

       %W   The path name of the window to which the event was  reported  (the
            window field from the event).  Valid for all event types.

       %X, %Y
            The  x_root  and  y_root fields from the event.  If a virtual-root
            window manager is being used then the substituted values  are  the
            corresponding  x-coordinate  and y-coordinate in the virtual root.
            Valid only for ButtonPress, ButtonRelease,  KeyPress,  KeyRelease,
            and  Motion events.  Same meaning as %x and %y, except relative to
            the (virtual) root window.

       The replacement string for a %-replacement is formatted as a proper Tcl
       list  element.   This means that spaces or special characters such as $
       and { may be preceded by backslashes.  This guarantees that the  string
       will be passed through the Tcl parser when the binding script is evalu-
       ated.  Most replacements are numbers or well-defined  strings  such  as
       Above;  for these replacements no special formatting is ever necessary.
       The most common case where reformatting occurs is for the %A  substitu-
       tion.  For example, if script is
              insert %A
       and  the  character  typed  is  an open square bracket, then the script
       actually executed will be
              insert \[
       This will cause the insert to receive the original  replacement  string
       (open  square  bracket)  as its first argument.  If the extra backslash
       had not been added, Tcl would not have been able to  parse  the  script
       correctly.

MULTIPLE MATCHES
       It  is  possible for several bindings to match a given X event.  If the
       bindings are associated with different tag's, then each of the bindings
       will  be executed, in order.  By default, a binding for the widget will
       be executed first, followed by a  class  binding,  a  binding  for  its
       toplevel,  and  an  all  binding.   The bindtags command may be used to
       change this order for a particular window or  to  associate  additional
       binding tags with the window.

       The  continue and break commands may be used inside a binding script to
       control the processing of matching scripts.  If  continue  is  invoked,
       then the current binding script is terminated but Tk will continue pro-
       cessing binding scripts associated with other tag's.  If the break com-
       mand  is  invoked  within a binding script, then that script terminates
       and no other scripts will be invoked for the event.

       If more than one binding matches a particular event and they  have  the
       same  tag,  then  the most specific binding is chosen and its script is
       evaluated.  The following tests are applied,  in  order,  to  determine
       which of several matching sequences is more specific:

              (a)    an  event pattern that specifies a specific button or key
                     is more specific than one that does not;

              (b)    a longer sequence (in terms of number of events  matched)
                     is more specific than a shorter sequence;

              (c)    if the modifiers specified in one pattern are a subset of
                     the modifiers in another pattern, then the  pattern  with
                     more modifiers is more specific.

              (d)    a  virtual  event  whose  physical  pattern  matches  the
                     sequence is less specific than the same physical  pattern
                     that is not associated with a virtual event.

              (e)    given a sequence that matches two or more virtual events,
                     one of the virtual events will be chosen, but  the  order
                     is undefined.

       If  the  matching  sequences  contain  more  than one event, then tests
       (c)-(e) are applied in order from the most recent event  to  the  least
       recent event in the sequences.  If these tests fail to determine a win-
       ner, then the most recently registered sequence is the winner.

       If there are two (or more) virtual events that are  both  triggered  by
       the  same  sequence,  and both of those virtual events are bound to the
       same window tag, then only one of the virtual events will be triggered,
       and it will be picked at random:
              event add <<Paste>> <Control-y>
              event add <<Paste>> <Button-2>
              event add <<Scroll>> <Button-2>
              bind Entry <<Paste>> {puts Paste}
              bind Entry <<Scroll>> {puts Scroll}
       If the user types Control-y, the <<Paste>> binding will be invoked, but
       if the user presses button 2 then one of either the  <<Paste>>  or  the
       <<Scroll>> bindings will be invoked, but exactly which one gets invoked
       is undefined.

       If an X event does not match any of the  existing  bindings,  then  the
       event is ignored.  An unbound event is not considered to be an error.

MULTI-EVENT SEQUENCES AND IGNORED EVENTS
       When  a  sequence  specified  in  a bind command contains more than one
       event pattern, then its script is executed whenever the  recent  events
       (leading  up  to  and  including  the  current  event)  match the given
       sequence.  This means, for example, that if button 1 is clicked repeat-
       edly  the  sequence <Double-ButtonPress-1> will match each button press
       but the first.  If extraneous events that would prevent a  match  occur
       in  the  middle  of  an  event  sequence then the extraneous events are
       ignored unless they are KeyPress or ButtonPress events.   For  example,
       <Double-ButtonPress-1>  will  match  a sequence of presses of button 1,
       even though there will be ButtonRelease  events  (and  possibly  Motion
       events)  between the ButtonPress events.  Furthermore, a KeyPress event
       may be preceded by any number of other  KeyPress  events  for  modifier
       keys  without  the  modifier keys preventing a match.  For example, the
       event sequence aB will match a press of the a key, a release of  the  a
       key,  a press of the Shift key, and a press of the b key:  the press of
       Shift is ignored because it is a modifier  key.   Finally,  if  several
       Motion events occur in a row, only the last one is used for purposes of
       matching binding sequences.

ERRORS
       If an error occurs in executing the script for a binding then the bger-
       ror mechanism is used to report the error.  The bgerror command will be
       executed at global level (outside the context of any Tcl procedure).

EXAMPLES
       Arrange for a string describing the motion of the mouse to  be  printed
       out when the mouse is double-clicked:
              bind . <Double-1> {
                  puts "hi from (%x,%y)"
              }

       A little GUI that displays what the keysym name of the last key pressed
       is:
              set keysym "Press any key"
              pack [label .l -textvariable keysym -padx 2m -pady 1m]
              bind . <Key> {
                  set keysym "You pressed %K"
              }


ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:


       +---------------+------------------+
       |ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE  |
       +---------------+------------------+
       |Availability   | runtime/tk-8     |
       +---------------+------------------+
       |Stability      | Uncommitted      |
       +---------------+------------------+
SEE ALSO
       bgerror(n), bindtags(n), event(n), focus(n), grab(n), keysyms(n)

KEYWORDS
       binding, event



NOTES
       This    software    was    built    from    source     available     at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.    The  original  community
       source        was        downloaded        from         https://source-
       forge.net/projects/tcl/files/Tcl/8.6.7/tk8.6.7-src.tar.gz/download

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at https://www.tcl.tk/.



Tk                                    8.0                             bind(1t)