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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019

npm (1)


npm - javascript package manager


npm <command> [args]


NPM(1)                                                                  NPM(1)

       npm - javascript package manager

         npm <command> [args]


       npm  is  the package manager for the Node JavaScript platform.  It puts
       modules in place so that node can find  them,  and  manages  dependency
       conflicts intelligently.

       It  is  extremely  configurable to support a wide variety of use cases.
       Most commonly, it is used to publish, discover,  install,  and  develop
       node programs.

       Run npm help to get a list of available commands.

       npm  is  configured  to  use npm, Inc.'s public registry at https:// by
       default. Use of the npm public registry is  subject  to  terms  of  use
       available at https://

       You can configure npm to use any compatible registry you like, and even
       run your own registry. Use of someone else's registry may  be  governed
       by their terms of use.

       You probably got npm because you want to install stuff.

       Use  npm install blerg to install the latest version of "blerg".  Check
       out npm help npm-install for more info.  It can do a lot of stuff.

       Use the npm search command to show everything  that's  available.   Use
       npm ls to show everything you've installed.

       If  a package references to another package with a git URL, npm depends
       on a preinstalled git.

       If one of the packages npm tries to install is a native node module and
       requires    compiling    of   C++   Code,   npm   will   use   node-gyp
       https://github.com/TooTallNate/node-gyp for that task.  For a Unix sys-
       tem,  node-gyp  https://github.com/TooTallNate/node-gyp  needs  Python,
       make and a buildchain like GCC. On Windows, Python and Microsoft Visual
       Studio   C++  are  needed.  Python  3  is  not  supported  by  node-gyp
       https://github.com/TooTallNate/node-gyp.  For  more  information  visit
       the node-gyp repository https://github.com/TooTallNate/node-gyp and the
       node-gyp Wiki https://github.com/TooTallNate/node-gyp/wiki.

       See npm help 5 npm-folders to learn about where npm puts stuff.

       In particular, npm has two modes of operation:

       o global mode: npm installs packages into the install  prefix  at  pre-
         fix/lib/node_modules and bins are installed in prefix/bin.

       o local mode: npm installs packages into the current project directory,
         which defaults  to  the  current  working  directory.   Packages  are
         installed  to  ./node_modules,  and bins are installed to ./node_mod-

       Local mode is the default.  Use -g or --global on any command to  oper-
       ate in global mode instead.

       If  you're  using  npm  to develop and publish your code, check out the
       following help topics:

       o json: Make a package.json file.  See npm help 5 package.json.

       o link: For linking your current working code into Node's path, so that
         you  don't  have  to reinstall every time you make a change.  Use npm
         link to do this.

       o install: It's a good idea to install things if  you  don't  need  the
         symbolic  link.   Especially,  installing other peoples code from the
         registry is done via npm install

       o adduser: Create an account or log in.  Credentials are stored in  the
         user config file.

       o publish:  Use the npm publish command to upload your code to the reg-

       npm is extremely configurable.  It reads its configuration options from
       5 places.

       o Command  line switches: Set a config with --key val.  All keys take a
         value, even if they are booleans (the config parser doesn't know what
         the  options  are  at the time of parsing).  If no value is provided,
         then the option is set to boolean true.

       o Environment Variables: Set any config by prefixing  the  name  in  an
         environment  variable with npm_config_.  For example, export npm_con-

       o User Configs: The file at $HOME/.npmrc is an  ini-formatted  list  of
         configs.   If present, it is parsed.  If the userconfig option is set
         in the cli or env, then that will be used instead.

       o Global Configs: The file found at ../etc/npmrc (from  the  node  exe-
         cutable,  by  default  this resolves to /usr/local/etc/npmrc) will be
         parsed if it is found.  If the globalconfig option is set in the cli,
         env, or user config, then that file is parsed instead.

       o Defaults:   npm's   default  configuration  options  are  defined  in
         lib/utils/config-defs.js.  These must not be changed.

       See npm help 7 npm-config for much much more information.

       Patches welcome!

       If you would like to contribute, but don't know what to work  on,  read
       the contributing guidelines and check the issues list.

       o CONTRIBUTING.md     https://github.com/npm/cli/blob/latest/CONTRIBUT-

       o Bug tracker https://npm.community/c/bugs

       o Support tracker https://npm.community/c/support

       When you find issues, please report them:

       o web: https://npm.community/c/bugs

       Be sure to follow the template and bug reporting  guidelines.  You  can
       also  ask for help in the support forum https://npm.community/c/support
       if you're unsure if it's actually a bug or are having trouble coming up
       with a detailed reproduction to report.

       Isaac      Z.      Schlueter      http://blog.izs.me/     ::     isaacs
       https://github.com/isaacs/ :: @izs https://twitter.com/izs :: i@izs.me

       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability   | runtime/nodejs/nodejs-8 |
       |Stability      | Pass-thru volatile      |
       o npm help help

       o README

       o npm help 5 package.json

       o npm help install

       o npm help config

       o npm help 7 config

       o npm help 5 npmrc

       o npm help 7 index

       This    software    was    built    from    source     available     at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.    The  original  community
       source   was   downloaded   from     https://github.com/nodejs/node/ar-

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at https://github.com/nodejs/node.

                                  August 2018                           NPM(1)