Go to main content

man pages section 1: User Commands

Exit Print View

Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

mrtg-nt-guide (1)

Name

mrtg-nt-guide - The MRTG 2.17.4 Windows Installation Guide

Synopsis

Installing MRTG on a Windows box is not quite as "click and point" as
some might want it to be. But then again, it is not all that difficult
if you follow the instructions below.

Description

MRTG-NT-GUIDE(1)                     mrtg                     MRTG-NT-GUIDE(1)



NAME
       mrtg-nt-guide - The MRTG 2.17.4 Windows Installation Guide

SYNOPSIS
       Installing MRTG on a Windows box is not quite as "click and point" as
       some might want it to be. But then again, it is not all that difficult
       if you follow the instructions below.

PREREQUISITES
       To get MRTG to work on Windows you need the following:

       o   A current copy of Perl.  For Example ActivePerl 5.8.8 from
           ActiveState http://www.activestate.com/store/activeperl/download/

       o   The latest version of MRTG from http://oss.oetiker.ch/mrtg/pub.
           Look for mrtg-2.17.4.zip or better. The archive also contains a
           precompiled copy of rateup.exe for Win32.

INSTALLING
       I suggest you do the following from the machine that will be running
       MRTG, which, in this case, is also a web server. All examples are for
       doing things to a LOCAL machine.

       First
           Unzip MRTG to C:\mrtg-2.17.4 on the Windows machine of your choice.

       Next
           Install Perl on the same Windows machine. You might want to make
           sure that the Perl binary directory is listed in your system path.

            C:\Perl\bin;%SystemRoot%\system32;%SystemRoot%;...

           You can manually check this by going to [Control
           Panel]->[System]->[Environment]

       To see if everything is installed properly you can open a Command Shell
       and go into c:\mrtg-2.17.4\bin. Type:

        perl mrtg

       This should give you a friendly error message complaining about the
       missing MRTG configuration file. Now, you have successfully installed
       MRTG and Perl.

CONFIGURING MRTG
       Now it is time to create a configuration for MRTG. But before we begin
       you need to know a few things. Take an opportunity to gather the
       following information:

       o   The IP address or hostname and the SNMP port number, (if non
           standard), of the device you want to monitor.

       o   If you want to monitor something other than bytes in and out, you
           must also know the SNMPOID of what you want to monitor.

       o   Finally you need to know the read-only SNMP community string for
           your device. If you don't know it, try public, that is the default.

       For the rest of this document we will be using device 10.10.10.1 ( a
       CISCO Catalyst 5000) with Community string public. We are interested in
       monitoring traffic, and the CPU load. Let's begin.

       The first thing we do in setting up MRTG is making a default config
       file.  Get to a cmd prompt and change to the c:\mrtg-2.17.4\bin
       directory. Type the following command:

        perl cfgmaker public@10.10.10.1 --global "WorkDir: c:\www\mrtg" --output mrtg.cfg

       This creates an initial MRTG config file for you. Note that in this
       file all interfaces of your router will be stored by number.
       Unfortunately, these numbers are likely to change whenever you
       reconfigure your router. In order to work around this you can get
       cfgmaker to produce a configuration which is based on Ip numbers, or
       even Interface Descriptions. Check cfgmaker

       If you get an error message complaining about no such name or no
       response, your community name is probably wrong.

       Now, let's take a look at the mrtg.cfg file that was created.

       In Perl, a "#" is a comment, synonymous with "REM" in DOS.

       Add the following to the top of the mrtg.cfg file:

        WorkDir: c:\www\mrtg

       This is where the web pages are created, usually a web root.

        ######################################################################
        # Description: LCP SUWGB
        # Contact: Administrator
        # System Name: LC-Bridge
        # Location: Here
        #.....................................................................

       TargetDevice's IP Address:Interface Number:Community:IP Address

        Target[10.10.10.1.1]: 1:public@10.10.10.1

       This is the interface speed (Default is 10 megabits; for 100Mbit
       devices use 12500000 and so on...)

        MaxBytes[10.10.10.1.1]: 1250000

        Title[10.10.10.1.1]: LC-Bridge (sample.device): ether0

       This section determines how the web page headers will look

        PageTop[10.10.10.1.1]: <H1>Traffic Analysis for ether0</H1>
         <TABLE>
         <TR><TD>System:</TD><TD>LC-Bridge inAndover</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Maintainer:</TD><TD>Administrator</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Interface:</TD><TD>ether0(1)</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>IP:</TD><TD>sample.device(10.10.10.1)</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Max Speed:</TD>
         <TD>1250.0 kBytes/s (ethernetCsmacd)</TD></TR>
         </TABLE>

         Target[10.10.10.1.2]: 2:public@10.10.10.1
         MaxBytes[10.10.10.1.2]: 1250000
         Title[10.10.10.1.2]: LC-Bridge (): ulink0
         PageTop[10.10.10.1.2]: <H1>Traffic Analysis for ulink0</H1>
          <TABLE>
          <TR><TD>System:</TD><TD>LC-Bridge inAndover</TD></TR>
          <TR><TD>Maintainer:</TD><TD>Administrator</TD></TR>
          <TR><TD>Interface:</TD><TD>ulink0(2)</TD></TR>
          <TR><TD>IP:</TD><TD>()</TD></TR>
          <TR><TD>Max Speed:</TD>
          <TD>1250.0 kBytes/s (ethernetCsmacd)</TD></TR>
          </TABLE>

         #---------------------------------------------------------------

       And that's a very basic MRTG config file. You can run this and see your
       results by going into the c:\mrtg-2.17.4\bin directory and typing:

        perl mrtg mrtg.cfg

       It is normal to get errors for the first two times you run this
       command. The errors will alert you about the fact that there have not
       been any log files in existence before.

       If you take a look at those web pages they are not very exciting (yet).
       You need to have the MRTG files run every five minutes to produce the
       desired results.  Just run it again after a few minutes. You should now
       be able to see the first lines in your graphs.

MAKE MRTG RUN ALL THE TIME
       Starting MRTG by hand every time you want to run it is not going to
       make you happy I guess.

       There is a special option you can set in the MRTG configuration file so
       so that MRTG will not terminate after it was started. Instead it will
       wait for 5 minutes and then run again.

       Add the option

        RunAsDaemon: yes

       to your mrtg.cfg file and start it with:

        start /Dc:\mrtg-2.17.4\bin wperl mrtg --logging=eventlog mrtg.cfg

       If you use wperl instead of perl, no console window will show. MRTG is
       now running in the background. If it runs into problems it will tell
       you so over the EventLog. To stop MRTG, open the Task Manager and
       terminate the wperl.exe process. If mrtg has anything to tell you these
       messages can be found in the event log.

       If you put a shortcut with

        Target:    wperl mrtg --logging=eventlog mrtg.cfg
        Start in:  c:\mrtg-2.17.4\bin

       into your start-up folder, MRTG will now start whenever you login to
       your NT box.

       If you do not want to log into your box just to start MRTG. Have a look
       at http://www.firedaemon.com/mrtg-howto.html which describes a free
       tool to start any program as a Service. The pages gives specific
       instructions for MRTG users.

HOW TO SETUP MRTG AS A WINDOWS SERVICE
   Additional Prerequisites
       o   MRTG must be installed and fully configured on the target system.
           In the following exercise the assumption is that MRTG is installed
           under c:\mrtg\ and all the sample files use this location.

       o   Microsoft Tools SRVANY.exe (Applications as Services Utility) and
           INSTSRV.exe (Service Installer) - Those files can be downloaded
           from Microsoft as a part of Windows 2000 Resource Kit at
           <http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/techinfo/reskit/tools/default.asp>.
           They are also available from other locations such as
           <http://www.electrasoft.com/srvany/srvany.htm>,
           <http://www.iopus.com/guides/srvany.htm>, etc.  Detailed
           instructions on how to use this package are available at
           <http://support.microsoft.com/kb/q137890/>.  In order to follow the
           steps in this HOW-TO you MUST obtain both executables.

       o   You must have administrative rights on the target system.

   Preparation
       Please complete the following steps before starting the installation:

       o   Copy srvany.exe and instsrv.exe to c:\mrtg-2.17.4\bin\ (your MRTG
           bin directory).

       o   Create a file called mrtg.reg anywhere on your system and paste the
           following content into it:

            Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

            [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\MRTG\Parameters]
            "Application"="c:\\perl\\bin\\wperl.exe"
            "AppParameters"="c:\\mrtg-2.17.4\\bin\\mrtg --logging=eventlog c:\\mrtg-2.17.4\\bin\\mrtg.cfg"
            "AppDirectory"="c:\\mrtg-2.17.4\\bin\\"

   Service Installation
       Once again, assuming that MRTG is already fully installed and
       configured on the target system under c:\mrtg\ the following steps are
       necessary to setup MRTG as a service.

       Using the command prompt go into the temporary directory where you
       unzipped the package.  When there type the following command to create
       a service named "MRTG" in the Windows Services management console:

        instsrv MRTG c:\mrtg\bin\srvany.exe

       Now you need to create the App* entries required for the new service.
       You can do this by either right-clicking on the mrtg.reg file and
       selecting 'merge' or by running the following command:

        regedit /s mrtg.reg

       After setting up the registry entry it is time to point it to your MRTG
       installation.  If you have installed MRTG under c:\mrtg\, you can skip
       this step.  Open your registry editor (Start -> Run -> regedt32), and
       locate the [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\MRTG]
       key.  Make sure that the ImagePath variable is correctly pointing to
       srvany.exe located in your MRTG bin directory (for example
       c:\mrtg\bin\srvany.exe).  Next you have to expand the MRTG tree, and go
       to the
       [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\MRTG\Parameters]
       key.  Under Parameters make sure that all the  Application variables
       are setup properly.

       At this point you are ready to run the service.  The only thing left to
       do is to start the MRTG service in the Services management console.
       After you do this, you should see two new processes running on your
       system: srvany.exe and wperl.exe.  Make sure to stop any previously
       running MRTG processes to avoid conflict.

       Note that it is imperative to set the RunAsDaemon: yes option or the
       service will stop after just one single run!

EXAMPLE
       Now lets look at a config file to monitor what we wanted to on our
       mythical Cisco Cat 5000 -- utilization on ports 3, 5, 10, and 24, and
       the CPU Load, which will show us nonstandard mrtg configurations as
       well as more options..

        WorkDir: c:\www\mrtg
        RunAsDaemon: yes

        ######################################################################
        # Description: LCP SUWGB
        # Contact: Administrator
        # System Name: LC-Bridge
        # Location: Here
        #.....................................................................

        Target[10.10.10.1.1]: 3:public@10.10.10.1
        MaxBytes[10.10.10.1.1]: 1250000
        Title[10.10.10.1.1]: LC-Bridge (sample-device): ether0
        PageTop[10.10.10.1.1]: <H1>Traffic Analysis for ether0</H1>
         <TABLE>
        <TR><TD>System:</TD><TD>LC-Bridge inAndover</TD></TR>
        <TR><TD>Maintainer:</TD><TD>Administrator</TD></TR>
        <TR><TD>Interface:</TD><TD>ether0(3)</TD></TR>
        <TR><TD>IP:</TD><TD>sample-device(10.10.10.1)</TD></TR>
        <TR><TD>Max Speed:</TD>
        <TD>1250.0 kBytes/s (ethernetCsmacd)</TD></TR>
        </TABLE>

        #---------------------------------------------------------------

        Target[10.10.10.1.2]: 5:public@10.10.10.1
        MaxBytes[10.10.10.1.2]: 1250000
        Title[10.10.10.1.2]: LC-Bridge (): ulink0
        PageTop[10.10.10.1.2]: <H1>Traffic Analysis for ulink0</H1>
         <TABLE>
         <TR><TD>System:</TD><TD>LC-Bridge inAndover</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Maintainer:</TD><TD>Administrator</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Interface:</TD><TD>ulink0(5)</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>IP:</TD><TD>()</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Max Speed:</TD>
         <TD>1250.0 kBytes/s (ethernetCsmacd)</TD></TR>
         </TABLE>

        #---------------------------------------------------------------

        Target[10.10.10.1.1]: 10:public@10.10.10.1
        MaxBytes[10.10.10.1.1]: 1250000
        Title[10.10.10.1.1]: LC-Bridge (sample-device): ether0
        PageTop[10.10.10.1.1]: <H1>Traffic Analysis for ether0</H1>
         <TABLE>
         <TR><TD>System:</TD><TD>LC-Bridge inAndover</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Maintainer:</TD><TD>Administrator</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Interface:</TD><TD>ether0(10)</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>IP:</TD><TD>sample-device(10.10.10.1)</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Max Speed:</TD>
         <TD>1250.0 kBytes/s (ethernetCsmacd)</TD></TR>
         </TABLE>

        #---------------------------------------------------------------

        Target[10.10.10.1.2]: 24:public@10.10.10.1
        MaxBytes[10.10.10.1.2]: 1250000
        Title[10.10.10.1.2]: LC-Bridge (): ulink0
        PageTop[10.10.10.1.2]: <H1>Traffic Analysis for ulink0</H1>
         <TABLE>
         <TR><TD>System:</TD><TD>LC-Bridge inAndover</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Maintainer:</TD><TD>Administrator</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Interface:</TD><TD>ulink0(24)</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>IP:</TD><TD>()</TD></TR>
         <TR><TD>Max Speed:</TD>
         <TD>1250.0 kBytes/s (ethernetCsmacd)</TD></TR>
         </TABLE>

        #---------------------------------------------------------------

        # Router CPU load %
        Target[cpu.1]:1.3.6.1.4.1.9.2.1.58.0&1.3.6.1.4.1.9.2.1.58.0:public@10.10.10.1
        RouterUptime[cpu.1]: public@10.10.10.1
        MaxBytes[cpu.1]: 100
        Title[cpu.1]: CPU LOAD
        PageTop[cpu.1]: <H1>CPU Load %</H1>
        Unscaled[cpu.1]: ymwd
        ShortLegend[cpu.1]: %
        XSize[cpu.1]: 380
        YSize[cpu.1]: 100
        YLegend[cpu.1]: CPU Utilization
        Legend1[cpu.1]: CPU Utilization in % (Load)
        Legend2[cpu.1]: CPU Utilization in % (Load)
        Legend3[cpu.1]:
        Legend4[cpu.1]:
        LegendI[cpu.1]:
        LegendO[cpu.1]: &nbsp;Usage
        Options[cpu.1]: gauge

       This is a nice example of how to monitor any SNMP device if you know
       what OID you want to use. Once again, for an explanation of the more
       advance features of mrtg, please see the rest of the documentation.

AUTHORS
       Tobi Oetiker <tobi@oetiker.ch>, David S. Divins <ddivins@moon.jic.com>,
       Steve Pierce <MRTG@HDL.com>, Artyom Adjemov <one.bofh@gmail.com>, Ilja
       Ivanov <ivanov@bseu.by> Karel Fajkus <http://fajkus.cz/>



ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:


       +---------------+------------------+
       |ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE  |
       +---------------+------------------+
       |Availability   | diagnostic/mrtg  |
       +---------------+------------------+
       |Stability      | Volatile         |
       +---------------+------------------+
NOTES
       This software was built from source available at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.  The original community
       source was downloaded from
       https://oss.oetiker.ch/mrtg/pub/mrtg-2.17.4.tar.gz

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at https://oss.oetiker.ch/mrtg.



2.17.4                            2012-01-12                  MRTG-NT-GUIDE(1)