Go to main content

man pages section 1: User Commands

Exit Print View

Updated: Wednesday, February 10, 2021

paps (1)


paps - text to PostScript converter using Pango


paps [options] files...


paps(1)                     General Commands Manual                    paps(1)

       paps - text to PostScript converter using Pango

       paps [options] files...

       paps reads an input file and writes a PostScript language or user spec-
       ified format rendering of the file to  standard  output.  paps  accepts
       international  text  in  any locale and provides internationalized text
       layout including text shaping and bidirectional text rendering.

       If no filename argument is provided, paps reads the standard input.  If
       the standard input is a terminal, input is terminated by an EOF signal,
       usually Control-d.

       paps follows the usual GNU  command  line  syntax,  with  long  options
       starting with two dashes (`-'). A summary of options is included below.

       -h, --help
              Show summary of options.

              Landscape output. Default is portrait.

              Format output into cl columns. Default is 1.

              Use  font  based  on  description desc. Default is "Courier 10".
              The format of the string representation is:

              "[family-list] [style-options] [size]"

              where family-list is a comma separated list of families  option-
              ally  terminated by a comma, style-options is a whitespace sepa-
              rated list of words where each  word  describes  one  of  style,
              variant,  weight,  or  stretch, and size is a decimal number for
              size in points, e.g. "Courier,Monospace Bold Italic 10".

       -o, --output=file
              Output file. Default is stdout. Output format is  set  based  on
              file's extension when --format is not provided.

       --rtl  Do  right-to-left  text layout and align text to the right. Text
              direction  is  detected  automatically.  Use  this  option   for
              explicit RTL layout and right alignment.

              Justify  the  layout.  Stretch complete lines to fill the entire

              Use line wrapping mode wm. Default is word-char.

              word       Wrap lines at word boundaries

              char       Wrap lines at character boundaries

              word-char  Wrap lines at word boundaries, but fall back to char-
                         acter  boundaries  if there is not enough space for a
                         full word

              Mark wrapped lines with special characters.

              Choose paper size. Accepted paper sizes are  'legal',  'letter',
              'a3' and 'a4'.  Default is A4.

              Set base glyph orientation. Default is auto.

              south      Glyphs stand upright

              east       Glyphs are rotated 90 degrees clockwise

              north      Glyphs are upside-down

              west       Glyphs are rotated 90 degrees counter-clockwise

              auto       Gravity is resolved from the context

              Set how horizontal scripts behave in a vertical context. Default
              is natural.

              natural    Scripts will take their natural gravity based on  the
                         base gravity and the script

              strong     Always use the base gravity, regardless of the script

              line       For  scripts  not  in  their  natural direction (e.g.
                         Latin in East  gravity),  choose  per-script  gravity
                         such that every script respects the line progression.
                         This means, Latin and Arabic will take opposite grav-
                         ities and both flow top-to-bottom for example.

              Choose output format. Default is ps.

              ps         PostScript

              pdf        Portable Document Format

              svg        Scalable Vector Graphics

              Set  bottom  margin in postscript points (1/72 inch). Default is

              Set top margin. Default is 55.

              Set left margin. Default is 55.

              Set right margin. Default is 55.

              Draw page header with document name, date and  page  number  for
              each page. Header is not printed by default.

              Use  text  as  the  title string for page header. By default the
              input filename or "stdin" is used.

              Interpret input as pango markup.  Pango  Text  Attribute  Markup
              Language  allows  marking  parts  of the text with tags defining
              additional attributes such as font face, size, weight, colors or
              text decoration such as underline or strikethrough.

              Assume  encoding of the input text is enc. By default the encod-
              ing of the current locale is used (e.g. UTF-8).

              Set number of lines per inch. This determines the line spacing.

              Set number of characters per inch. This is an alternative method
              of specifying the font size.

              Make all glib warnings fatal.

       Use  the  following option conversion table to obtain output similar to
       mp(1) :

       |  mp option   |           paps option(s)            |
       | <default>    | --header --paper=letter --wrap=char |
       | -A4          | <default>                           |
       | -l           | --landscape --columns=2             |
       | -L locale    | LC_ALL=locale paps ...              |
       | -ll          | --landscape                         |
       | -n           | <default>                           |
       | -US          | --paper=letter                      |
       | -z pointsize | --font='fontname pointsize'         |

       The following exit values are returned:

       0     Successful completion.

       1     An error occurred.

       Example 1 Printing UTF-8 text file

       The following command can be used to print a file in any of  the  UTF-8
       based locales if the file is in UTF-8 or compatible codeset.

         $ paps en_US_UTF-8.txt

       By  default  paps  will  print PostScript rendering to standard output.
       Send the output to a printer using lp

         $ paps en_US_UTF-8.txt | lp

       or to a file using redirection or the -o option

         $ paps en_US_UTF-8.txt > out.ps
         $ paps -o out.ps en_US_UTF-8.txt

       Example 2 Specify encoding

       To print a file in specific encoding regardless of the  current  locale
       setting  use the --encoding option. An example for Japanese EUC encoded
       input file:

         $ paps --encoding eucjp ja_JP_eucjp.txt > out.ps

       paps will still use current locale setting to prioritize the  available
       fonts for current language.

       Example 3 Specify locale

       Override  the  LC_ALL  environment  variable to run paps in a different

         $ LC_ALL=ja_JP.eucjp paps ja_JP_eucjp.txt > out.ps

       Here paps will assume the input is in Japanese EUC  encoding  and  will
       use  Japanese  eucjp locale to render the output. If --header is added,
       the date is printed in Japanese.

       paps uses locale environment variables to determine its  behavior.  The
       following categories are used:

       LC_CTYPE        to  assume the encoding of the input. This can be over-
                       ridden by --encoding.

       LC_TIME         to format the date for header.

       Font selection is also affected by current locale. Example 3  describes
       how to run paps in a different locale.

       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability   | print/paps       |
       |Stability      | Volatile         |
       fc-match(1), setlocale(3C)

       The  output  of paps is affected by current locale and available fonts.
       Additional fonts can be added with the following command:
         $ pkg install system/font/truetype/*

       When the package system/font/sun-ja-bitmap-unicode  is  installed,  the
       bitmap  font  will  take  precedence  over  TrueType  fonts in Japanese
       locales and the output may have lower quality. Uninstall the font pack-
       age with:
         $ pkg uninstall system/font/sun-ja-bitmap-unicode

       or select specific font with the --font option:
         $ paps --font 'Courier,IPAGothic 10'

       To  display  a  halfwidth  and  a  fullwidth  character  correctly, use
       'Monospace' font with the --font option.  To change the smaller size of
       font  in  landscape  mode,  specify  the  size  of font with the --font
       option. For example, the following will display similar output with  mp
       of portrait and landscape mode in Japanese locale.
         $ paps --font 'Monospace 11'
         $ paps --font 'Monospace 8' --columns=2 --landscape

       paps was written by Dov Grobgeld <dov.grobgeld@gmail.com>.

       This  manual  page  was written by Lior Kaplan <kaplan@debian.org>, for
       the Debian project (but may be used by others).

       This    software    was    built    from    source     available     at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.    The  original  community
       source was downloaded from  https://github.com/dov/paps/archive/.tar.gz

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at https://github.com/dov/paps.

                               January 15, 2016                        paps(1)