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Updated: Wednesday, July 27, 2022

gropdf (1)


gropdf - PDF driver for groff


gropdf [-delvs] [-F dir] [-p papersize] [-y foundry] [-u [cmapfile]]
[files ...]

It is possible to have whitespace between a command line option and its


GROPDF(1)                   General Commands Manual                  GROPDF(1)

       gropdf - PDF driver for groff

       gropdf [-delvs] [-F dir] [-p papersize] [-y foundry] [-u [cmapfile]]
              [files ...]

       It is possible to have whitespace between a command line option and its

       gropdf  translates  the  output  of  GNU troff to PDF.  Normally gropdf
       should be invoked by using the groff command with a -Tpdf  option.   If
       no  files  are given, gropdf reads the standard input.  A filename of -
       also causes gropdf to read the standard input.  PDF output  is  written
       to  the  standard  output.   When gropdf is run by groff options can be
       passed to gropdf using groff's -P option.

       See section FONT INSTALLATION below for a guide how  to  install  fonts
       for gropdf.

       -d     Include debug information as comments within the PDF.  Also pro-
              duces an uncompressed PDF.

       -e     Force all fonts to be embedded in the PDF.

       -Fdir  Prepend directory dir/devname to the search path for  font,  and
              device  description  files; name is the name of the device, usu-
              ally pdf.

       -l     Print the document in landscape format.

              Set physical dimension of output  medium.   This  overrides  the
              papersize,  paperlength,  and  paperwidth  commands  in the DESC
              file; it accepts the same arguments as  the  papersize  command.
              See groff_font (5) for details.

       -v     Print the version number.

              Set the foundry to use for selecting fonts of the same name.

       -e     Forces gropdf to embed ALL fonts (even the 14 base PDF fonts).

       -s     Append  a  comment  line  to end of PDF showing statistics, i.e.
              number of pages in  document.   Ghostscript's  ps2pdf  complains
              about this line if it is included, but works anyway.

              Gropdf  normally includes a ToUnicode CMap with any font created
              using text.enc as the encoding file, this  makes  it  easier  to
              search  for words which contain ligatures.  You can include your
              own CMap by specifying a cmapfilename or have no CMap at all  by
              omitting the argument.

       The  input to gropdf must be in the format output by troff(1).  This is
       described in groff_out(5).

       In addition, the device and font description files for the device  used
       must  meet certain requirements: The resolution must be an integer mul-
       tiple of 72 times the sizescale.  The pdf device uses a  resolution  of
       72000 and a sizescale of 1000.

       The  device  description  file  must  contain  a  valid paper size; see
       groff_font(5) for more information.  gropdf uses the same Type 1  Adobe
       postscript fonts as the grops device driver.  Although the PDF Standard
       allows the use of other font types (like TrueType) this  implementation
       only  accepts  the Type 1 postscript font.  Fewer Type 1 fonts are sup-
       ported natively in PDF documents than the standard 35  fonts  supported
       by  grops  and all postscript printers, but all the fonts are available
       since any which aren't supported natively are automatically embedded in
       the PDF.

       gropdf supports the concept of foundries, that is different versions of
       basically the same font.  During install a Foundry file controls  where
       fonts  are  found and builds groff fonts from the files it discovers on
       your system.

       Each font description file must contain a command

              internalname psname

       which says that the PostScript name  of  the  font  is  psname.   Lines
       starting with # and blank lines are ignored.  The code for each charac-
       ter given in the font file must correspond to the code in  the  default
       encoding  for  the  font.   This  code  can  be used with the \N escape
       sequence in troff to select the character, even if the  character  does
       not  have a groff name.  Every character in the font file must exist in
       the PostScript font, and the widths given in the font file  must  match
       the widths used in the PostScript font.

       Note that gropdf is currently only able to display the first 256 glyphs
       in any font.  This restriction will be lifted in a later version.

       gropdf can automatically include the downloadable  fonts  necessary  to
       print the document.  Fonts may be in PFA or PFB format.

       Any  downloadable  fonts  which  should,  when required, be included by
       gropdf       must       be       listed       in        the        file
       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devpdf/download;  this  should  consist of
       lines of the form

              foundry font filename

       where foundry is the foundry name or blank  for  the  default  foundry.
       font  is  the  PostScript name of the font, and filename is the name of
       the file containing the font; lines beginning with #  and  blank  lines
       are ignored; fields must be separated by tabs (spaces are not allowed);
       filename is searched for using the same  mechanism  that  is  used  for
       groff font metric files.  The download file itself is also searched for
       using this mechanism; currently, only the first found file in the  font
       path  is  used.   Foundry names are usually a single character (such as
       `U' for the URW Foundry)  or  blank  for  the  default  foundry.   This
       default uses the same fonts as ghostscript uses when it embeds fonts in
       a PDF file.

       In the default setup there are styles called R, I, B, and BI mounted at
       font  positions  1 to 4.  The fonts are grouped into families A, BM, C,
       H, HN, N, P, and T having members in each of these styles:

              AR     AvantGarde-Book
              AI     AvantGarde-BookOblique
              AB     AvantGarde-Demi
              ABI    AvantGarde-DemiOblique
              BMR    Bookman-Light
              BMI    Bookman-LightItalic
              BMB    Bookman-Demi
              BMBI   Bookman-DemiItalic
              CR     Courier
              CI     Courier-Oblique
              CB     Courier-Bold
              CBI    Courier-BoldOblique
              HR     Helvetica
              HI     Helvetica-Oblique
              HB     Helvetica-Bold
              HBI    Helvetica-BoldOblique
              HNR    Helvetica-Narrow
              HNI    Helvetica-Narrow-Oblique
              HNB    Helvetica-Narrow-Bold
              HNBI   Helvetica-Narrow-BoldOblique
              NR     NewCenturySchlbk-Roman
              NI     NewCenturySchlbk-Italic
              NB     NewCenturySchlbk-Bold
              NBI    NewCenturySchlbk-BoldItalic
              PR     Palatino-Roman
              PI     Palatino-Italic
              PB     Palatino-Bold
              PBI    Palatino-BoldItalic
              TR     Times-Roman
              TI     Times-Italic
              TB     Times-Bold
              TBI    Times-BoldItalic

       There is also the following font which is not a member of a family:

              ZCMI   ZapfChancery-MediumItalic

       There are also some special fonts called S for the PS Symbol font.  The
       lower  case  greek  characters  are automatically slanted (to match the
       SymbolSlanted font (SS) available to  postscript).   Zapf  Dingbats  is
       available  as  ZD,  the "hand pointing left" glyph (\[lh]) is available
       since it has been defined  using  the  \X'pdf:  xrev'  extension  which
       reverses the direction of letters within words.

       The  default  color  for  \m and \M is black; for colors defined in the
       `rgb' color space setrgbcolor is used, for `cmy'  and  `cmyk'  setcmyk-
       color,  and for `gray' setgray.  Note that setcmykcolor is a PostScript
       LanguageLevel 2 command and thus not available on some older printers.

       gropdf understands some of the X commands produced using the \X  escape
       sequences  supported  by  grops.   Specifically,  the following is sup-

       \X'ps: invis'
              Suppress output.

       \X'ps: endinvis'
              Stop suppressing output.

       \X'ps: exec gsave currentpoint 2 copy translate n rotate neg  exch  neg
       exch translate'
              where  n is the angle of rotation.  This is to support the align
              command in gpic.

       \X'ps: exec grestore'
              Again used by gpic to restore after rotation.

       \X'ps: exec n setlinejoin'
              where n can be one of the following values.

              0 = Miter join
              1 = Round join
              2 = Bevel join

       \X'ps: exec n setlinecap'
              where n can be one of the following values.

              0 = Butt cap
              1 = Round cap, and
              2 = Projecting square cap

       \X'ps: ... pdfmark'
              All the pdfmark macros installed by using -m pdfmark or -m mspdf
              (see  documentation in `pdfmark.pdf').  A subset of these macros
              are installed automatically when you use -Tpdf so you should not
              need  to  use `-m pdfmark' for using most of the PDF functional-

       All other ps: tags are silently ignored.

       One \X special used by the DVI driver is also recognised:

              where the paper-size parameter is the same as the papersize com-
              mand.   See  groff_font(5) for details.  This means that you can
              alter the page size at will within the PDF file being created by
              gropdf.   If  you  do  want to change the paper size, it must be
              done before you start creating the page.

       In addition, gropdf supports its own suite of pdf: tags.  The following
       tags are supported:

       \X'pdf: pdfpic file alignment width height line-length'
              Place an image of the specified width containing the PDF drawing
              from file file of desired width and height (if height is missing
              or  zero  then it is scaled proportionally).  If alignment is -L
              the drawing is left aligned.  If it is -C  or  -R  a  linelength
              greater  than  the width of the drawing is required as well.  If
              width is specified as zero then the width is scaled  in  propor-
              tion to the height.

       \X'pdf: xrev'
              This  toggles  a  flag  which reverses the direction of printing
              letter by letter, i.e., each separate letter  is  reversed,  not
              the  entire word.  This is useful for reversing the direction of
              glyphs in the Dingbats  font.   To  return  to  normal  printing
              repeat the command again.

       \X'pdf: markstart /ANN definition'
              The  macros which support PDF Bookmarks use this call internally
              to start the definition of  bookmark  hotspot  (user  will  have
              called  `.pdfhref  L'  with  the text which will become the `hot
              spot' region).  Normally this is never used except  from  within
              the pdfmark macros.

       \X'pdf: markend'
              The  macros which support PDF Bookmarks use this call internally
              to stop the definition  of  bookmark  hotspot  (user  will  have
              called  `.pdfhref  L'  with  the text which will become the `hot
              spot' region).  Normally this is never used except  from  within
              the pdfmark macros.

       \X'pdf: marksuspend'
       \X'pdf: markrestart'
              If you are using page traps to produce headings, footings, etc.,
              you need to use these in case a `hot spot' crosses a page bound-
              ary,  otherwise  any text output by the heading or footing macro
              will be marked as part of the `hot spot'.  To stop this  happen-
              ing  just  place  `.pdfmarksuspend' and `.pdfmarkrestart' at the
              start and end of the page trap macro, respectively.  (These  are
              just  convenience  macros  which emit the \X code.  These macros
              must only be used within page traps.)

   Importing graphics
       gropdf only supports importing other PDF files as graphics.   But  that
       PDF  file  may  contain any of the graphic formats supported by the PDF
       standard (such as JPEG, PNG, GIF, etc.).  So any application which out-
       puts  PDF  can be used as an embedded file in gropdf.  The PDF file you
       wish to insert must be a single page and  the  drawing  must  just  fit
       inside  the  media size of the PDF file.  So, in inkscape(1) or gimp(1)
       (for example) make sure the canvas size just fits the image.

       The PDF parser used in gropdf has not been rigorously tested  with  all
       possible  applications  which  produce PDFs.  If you find a single page
       PDF which fails to import properly, it is worth running it through  the
       pdftk(1) program by issuing the command:

              pdftk oldfile.pdf output newfile.pdf

       You may find that newfile.pdf will now load successfully.

   TrueType and other font formats
       gropdf  does  not  support  any other fonts except Adobe Type 1 (PFA or

       This section gives a summary of the above explanations; it can serve as
       a step-by-step font installation guide for gropdf.

        o  Convert your font to something groff understands.  This is either a
           PostScript Type 1 font in either PFA or PFB, together with  an  AFM

           The very first line in a PFA/PFB file contains this:


           A  PFB file has this also in the first line, but the string is pre-
           ceded with some binary bytes.

        o  Convert the AFM file to a groff  font  description  file  with  the
           afmtodit(1) program.  An example call is

                  afmtodit Foo-Bar-Bold.afm map/textmap FBB

           which converts the metric file `Foo-Bar-Bold.afm' to the groff font
           `FBB'.  If you have a font family which comes  with  normal,  bold,
           italic, and bold italic faces, it is recommended to use the letters
           R, B, I, and BI, respectively, as postfixes in the groff font names
           to  make groff's `.fam' request work.  An example is groff's built-
           in Times-Roman font: The font family name is T, and the groff  font
           names are TR, TB, TI, and TBI.

        o  Install  both  the  groff font description files and the fonts in a
           `devpdf' subdirectory of the font path which groff finds.  See  the
           ENVIRONMENT section in the troff(1) man page which lists the actual
           value of the font path.  Note that groff doesn't use the AFM  files
           (but it is a good idea to store them anyway).

        o  Register  all  fonts which must be downloaded to the printer in the
           `devpdf/download' file.  Only the first occurrence of this file  in
           the font path is read.  This means that you should copy the default
           `download' file to the first directory in your font  path  and  add
           your fonts there.  To continue the above example we assume that the
           PS font name for Foo-Bar-Bold.pfa is `XY-Foo-Bar-Bold' (the PS font
           name  is  stored  in  the internalname field in the `FBB' file) and
           belongs to foundry `Fcq] thus the following line should be added to

                  F XY-Foo-Bar-Bold Foo-Bar-Bold.pfa

           Use a tab character to separate the fields, and the `foundry' field
           should be null for the default foundry.

              A list of directories in which to search for the devname  direc-
              tory  in  addition  to  the default ones.  If, in the `download'
              file, the font file has been specified  with  a  full  path,  no
              directories  are  searched.   See troff(1) and groff_font(5) for
              more details.

              Device description file.

              Font description file for font F.

              Font description file for font F (using foundry  U  rather  than
              the default foundry).

              List of downloadable fonts.

              A Perl script used during install to locate suitable fonts.

              Encoding used for text fonts.

              Macros for use with gropdf; automatically loaded by troffrc.

       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability   | text/groff       |
       |Stability      | Uncommitted      |

       afmtodit(1), groff(1), grops(1), troff(1), grops(1), pfbtops(1),
       groff_out(5), groff_font(5), groff_char(7), groff_tmac(5)

       Copyright (C) 2011-2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

       Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
       manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
       preserved on all copies.

       Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
       manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
       entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a per-
       mission notice identical to this one.

       Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this man-
       ual into another language, under the above conditions for modified ver-
       sions, except that this permission notice may be included in transla-
       tions approved by the Free Software Foundation instead of in the origi-
       nal English.

       Source code for open source software components in Oracle Solaris can
       be found at https://www.oracle.com/downloads/opensource/solaris-source-

       This software was built from source available at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.  The original community
       source was downloaded from

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at https://www.gnu.org/software/groff.

Groff Version 1.22.3            4 November 2014                      GROPDF(1)