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man pages section 1: User Commands

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Updated: Wednesday, July 27, 2022

lp (1)


lp - print files


lp  [  -E  ]  [ -U username ] [ -c ] [ -d destination[/instance] ] [ -h
hostname[:port] ] [ -m ] [ -n num-copies ] [ -o option[=value] ]  [  -q
priority  ] [ -s ] [ -t title ] [ -H handling ] [ -P page-list ] [ -- ]
[ file(s) ]
lp [ -E ] [ -U username ] [ -c ] [ -h hostname[:port] ] [ -i job-id ] [
-n num-copies ] [ -o option[=value] ] [ -q priority ] [ -t title ] [ -H
handling ] [ -P page-list ]


lp(1)                             Apple Inc.                             lp(1)

       lp - print files

       lp  [  -E  ]  [ -U username ] [ -c ] [ -d destination[/instance] ] [ -h
       hostname[:port] ] [ -m ] [ -n num-copies ] [ -o option[=value] ]  [  -q
       priority  ] [ -s ] [ -t title ] [ -H handling ] [ -P page-list ] [ -- ]
       [ file(s) ]
       lp [ -E ] [ -U username ] [ -c ] [ -h hostname[:port] ] [ -i job-id ] [
       -n num-copies ] [ -o option[=value] ] [ -q priority ] [ -t title ] [ -H
       handling ] [ -P page-list ]

       lp submits files for printing or alters a pending job.  Use a  filename
       of "-" to force printing from the standard input.

       CUPS  provides many ways to set the default destination. The LPDEST and
       PRINTER environment variables are consulted first.  If neither are set,
       the  current  default  set using the lpoptions(1) command is used, fol-
       lowed by the default set using the lpadmin(8) command.

       The following options are recognized by lp:

       --   Marks the end of options; use this to  print  a  file  whose  name
            begins with a dash (-).

       -E   Forces encryption when connecting to the server.

       -U username
            Specifies the username to use when connecting to the server.

       -c   This  option is provided for backwards-compatibility only. On sys-
            tems that support it, this option forces  the  print  file  to  be
            copied  to  the  spool  directory before printing.  In CUPS, print
            files are always sent to the scheduler via IPP which has the  same

       -d destination
            Prints files to the named printer.

       -h hostname[:port]
            Chooses an alternate server.

       -i job-id
            Specifies an existing job to modify.

       -m   Sends an email when the job is completed.

       -n copies
            Sets the number of copies to print.

       -o "name=value [ ... name=value ]"
            Sets one or more job options.  See "COMMON JOB OPTIONS" below.

       -q priority
            Sets  the  job  priority  from  1  (lowest) to 100 (highest).  The
            default priority is 50.

       -s   Do not report the resulting job IDs (silent mode.)

       -t "name"
            Sets the job name.

       -H hh:mm

       -H hold

       -H immediate

       -H restart

       -H resume
            Specifies when the job should be printed.  A  value  of  immediate
            will print the file immediately, a value of hold will hold the job
            indefinitely, and a UTC time value (HH:MM) will hold the job until
            the  specified  UTC  (not local) time.  Use a value of resume with
            the -i option to resume a held job.  Use a value of  restart  with
            the -i option to restart a completed job.

       -P page-list
            Specifies which pages to print in the document.  The list can con-
            tain a list of numbers and ranges (#-#) separated by commas, e.g.,
            "1,3-5,16".   The  page  numbers refer to the output pages and not
            the document's original  pages  -  options  like  "number-up"  can
            affect the numbering of the pages.

       Aside  from  the  printer-specific options reported by the lpoptions(1)
       command, the following generic options are available:

       -o job-sheets=name
            Prints a cover page (banner) with the document.  The "name" can be
            "classified",  "confidential",  "secret", "standard", "topsecret",
            or "unclassified".

       -o media=size
            Sets the page size to size. Most printers  support  at  least  the
            size names "a4", "letter", and "legal".

       -o number-up={2|4|6|9|16}
            Prints  2,  4,  6,  9, or 16 document (input) pages on each output

       -o orientation-requested=4
            Prints the job in landscape  (rotated  90  degrees  counter-clock-

       -o orientation-requested=5
            Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees clockwise).

       -o orientation-requested=6
            Prints the job in reverse portrait (rotated 180 degrees).

       -o print-quality=3

       -o print-quality=4

       -o print-quality=5
            Specifies the output quality - draft (3), normal (4), or best (5).

       -o sides=one-sided
            Prints on one side of the paper.

       -o sides=two-sided-long-edge
            Prints on both sides of the paper for portrait output.

       -o sides=two-sided-short-edge
            Prints on both sides of the paper for landscape output.

       Unlike  the System V printing system, CUPS allows printer names to con-
       tain any printable character except SPACE, TAB,  "/",  or  "#".   Also,
       printer and class names are not case-sensitive.

       The  -q  option accepts a different range of values than the Solaris lp
       command, matching the IPP job priority values (1-100,  100  is  highest
       priority) instead of the Solaris values (0-39, 0 is highest priority).

       Print two copies of a document to the default printer:

           lp -n 2 filename

       Print a double-sided legal document to a printer called "foo":

           lp -d foo -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge filename

       Print a presentation document 2-up to a printer called "bar":

           lp -d bar -o number-up=2 filename

       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability   | print/cups       |
       |Stability      | Volatile         |

       cancel(1),   lpadmin(8),   lpoptions(1),   lpq(1),   lpr(1),   lprm(1),
       lpstat(1), CUPS Online Help (http://localhost:631/help)

       Copyright (C) 2007-2019 by Apple Inc.

       Source code for open source software components in Oracle  Solaris  can
       be found at https://www.oracle.com/downloads/opensource/solaris-source-

       This    software    was    built    from    source     available     at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.    The  original  community
       source   was   downloaded    from     https://github.com/apple/cups/ar-

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at http://www.cups.org/.

26 April 2019                        CUPS                                lp(1)