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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019

npx (1)


npx - execute npm package binaries


npx [options] <command>[@version] [command-arg]...

npx [options] [-p|--package <pkg>]... <command> [command-arg]...

npx [options] -c '<command-string>'

npx --shell-auto-fallback [shell]


NPX(1)                           User Commands                          NPX(1)

       npx - execute npm package binaries

       npx [options] <command>[@version] [command-arg]...

       npx [options] [-p|--package <pkg>]... <command> [command-arg]...

       npx [options] -c '<command-string>'

       npx --shell-auto-fallback [shell]

       npm install -g npx

       Executes  <command>  either  from  a local node_modules/.bin, or from a
       central cache, installing any packages needed in order for <command> to

       By default, npx will check whether <command> exists in $PATH, or in the
       local project binaries, and execute that. If <command> is not found, it
       will be installed prior to execution.

       Unless  a --package option is specified, npx will try to guess the name
       of the binary to invoke depending on the specifier provided. All  pack-
       age  specifiers  understood  by npm may be used with npx, including git
       specifiers, remote tarballs, local directories, or scoped packages.

       If a full specifier is included, or if  --package  is  used,  npx  will
       always  use a freshly-installed, temporary version of the package. This
       can also be forced with the --ignore-existing flag.

       o -p, --package <package> - define the package to  be  installed.  This
         defaults  to the value of <command>. This is only needed for packages
         with multiple binaries if you want to call one of the other  executa-
         bles,  or  where  the binary name does not match the package name. If
         this option is provided <command> will  be  executed  as-is,  without
         interpreting  @version  if it's there. Multiple --package options may
         be provided, and all the packages specified will be installed.

       o --no-install - If passed to npx, it will only try to run <command> if
         it  already  exists  in  the  current  path  or  in $prefix/node_mod-
         ules/.bin. It won't try to install missing commands.

       o --cache <path> - set the location of the npm cache. Defaults to npm's
         own cache settings.

       o --userconfig  <path> - path to the user configuration file to pass to
         npm. Defaults to whatever npm's current default is.

       o -c <string> - Execute <string> inside an  npm  run-script-like  shell
         environment, with all the usual environment variables available. Only
         the first item in <string> will be automatically used  as  <command>.
         Any others must use -p.

       o --shell <string> - The shell to invoke the command with, if any.

       o --shell-auto-fallback  [<shell>]  -  Generates shell code to override
         your shell's "command not found" handler with  one  that  calls  npx.
         Tries  to  figure  out  your  shell, or you can pass its name (either
         bash, fish, or zsh) as an option. See below for how to install.

       o --ignore-existing - If this flag is set, npx will not look in  $PATH,
         or in the current package's node_modules/.bin for an existing version
         before deciding whether to install.  Binaries  in  those  paths  will
         still  be  available for execution, but will be shadowed by any pack-
         ages requested by this install.

       o -q, --quiet - Suppressed any output from npx itself  (progress  bars,
         error  messages,  install reports). Subcommand output itself will not
         be silenced.

       o -n, --node-arg - Extra node argument to supply to node when binary is
         a  node script. You can supply this option multiple times to add more

       o -v, --version - Show the current npx version.

   Running a project-local bin
         $ npm i -D webpack
         $ npx webpack ...

   One-off invocation without local installation
         $ npm rm webpack
         $ npx webpack -- ...
         $ cat package.json
         ...webpack not in "devDependencies"...

   Invoking a command from a github repository
         $ npx github:piuccio/cowsay
         $ npx git+ssh://my.hosted.git:cowsay.git#semver:^1

   Execute a full shell command using one npx call w/ multiple packages
         $ npx -p lolcatjs -p cowsay -c \
           'echo "$npm_package_name@$npm_package_version" | cowsay | lolcatjs'
         < your-cool-package@1.2.3 >
                 \   ^__^
                  \  (oo)\_______
                     (__)\       )\/\
                         ||----w |
                         ||     ||

   Run node binary with --inspect
         $ npx --node-arg=--inspect cowsay
         Debugger listening on ws://

   Specify a node version to run npm scripts (or anything else!)
         npx -p node@8 npm run build

       You can configure npx to run as your default fallback command when  you
       type  something  in  the  command line with an @ but the command is not
       found. This includes installing packages that were  not  found  in  the
       local prefix either.

       For example:

         $ npm@4 --version
         (stderr) npm@4 not found. Trying with npx...
         $ asdfasdfasf
         zsh: command not found: asfdasdfasdf

       Currently,  zsh,  bash  (>=  4), and fish are supported. You can access
       these completion scripts using npx --shell-auto-fallback <shell>.

       To install permanently, add the relevant line below to your  ~/.bashrc,
       ~/.zshrc, ~/.config/fish/config.fish, or as needed. To install just for
       the shell session, simply run the line.

       You can optionally pass through --no-install when generating the  fall-
       back to prevent it from installing packages if the command is missing.

   For bash@>=4:
         $ source <(npx --shell-auto-fallback bash)

   For zsh:
         $ source <(npx --shell-auto-fallback zsh)

   For fish:
         $ source (npx --shell-auto-fallback fish | psub)

       Huge  thanks to Kwyn Meagher https://blog.kwyn.io for generously donat-
       ing the package name in the main npm registry. Previously npx was  used
       for  a  Tessel  board  Neopixels  library, which can now be found under
       npx-tessel https://npm.im/npx-tessel.

       Written by Kat Marchan https://github.com/zkat.

       Please file any relevant issues on Github. https://github.com/zkat/npx

       This work is released by its  authors  into  the  public  domain  under
       CC0-1.0. See LICENSE.md for details.

       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability   | runtime/nodejs/nodejs-8 |
       |Stability      | Pass-thru volatile      |
       o npm(1)

       o npm-run-script(1)

       o npm-config(7)

       This     software     was    built    from    source    available    at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.   The  original   community
       source    was   downloaded   from    https://github.com/nodejs/node/ar-

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at https://github.com/nodejs/node.

npx@10.1.1                        April 2018                            NPX(1)