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man pages section 1: User Commands

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019

send (1t)


send - Execute a command in a different application


send ?options? app cmd ?arg arg ...?


send(1t)                     Tk Built-In Commands                     send(1t)


       send - Execute a command in a different application

       send ?options? app cmd ?arg arg ...?

       This command arranges for cmd (and args) to be executed in the applica-
       tion named by app.  It returns the result or error  from  that  command
       execution.  App may be the name of any application whose main window is
       on the display containing the sender's main window;   it  need  not  be
       within  the  same  process.   If no arg arguments are present, then the
       command to be executed is contained entirely within the  cmd  argument.
       If one or more args are present, they are concatenated to form the com-
       mand to be executed, just as for the eval command.

       If the initial arguments of the command begin with "-" they are treated
       as options.  The following options are currently defined:

       -async Requests asynchronous invocation.  In this case the send command
              will complete immediately without waiting for cmd to complete in
              the  target application;  no result will be available and errors
              in the sent command will be ignored.  If the target  application
              is  in  the  same  process  as  the sending application then the
              -async option is ignored.

       -displayof pathName
              Specifies that the target application's main window  is  on  the
              display  of the window given by pathName, instead of the display
              containing the application's main window.

       --     Serves no purpose except to terminate the list of options.  This
              option is needed only if app could contain a leading "-" charac-

       The name of an application is set initially from the name of  the  pro-
       gram  or script that created the application.  You can query and change
       the name of an application with the tk appname command.

       If the send command is removed from an application (e.g.  with the com-
       mand  rename send {}) then the application will not respond to incoming
       send requests anymore,  nor will it be able to issue outgoing requests.
       Communication can be reenabled by invoking the tk appname command.

       The  send  command is potentially a serious security loophole. On Unix,
       any application that can connect to your X server can send  scripts  to
       your  applications.   These  incoming  scripts  can use Tcl to read and
       write your files and invoke subprocesses under your  name.   Host-based
       access control such as that provided by xhost is particularly insecure,
       since it allows anyone with an account on particular hosts  to  connect
       to your server, and if disabled it allows anyone anywhere to connect to
       your server.  In order to provide at least a small amount of  security,
       Tk  checks  the  access  control  being  used by the server and rejects
       incoming sends unless (a) xhost-style access control is  enabled  (i.e.
       only  certain  hosts  can  establish  connections)  and (b) the list of
       enabled hosts is empty.  This means that applications cannot connect to
       your  server  unless  they use some other form of authorization such as
       that provide by xauth.  Under  Windows,  send  is  currently  disabled.
       Most of the functionality is provided by the dde command instead.

       This  script fragment can be used to make an application that only runs
       once on a particular display.
              if {[tk appname FoobarApp] ne "FoobarApp"} {
                  send -async FoobarApp RemoteStart $argv
              # The command that will be called remotely, which raises
              # the application main window and opens the requested files
              proc RemoteStart args {
                  raise .
                  foreach filename $args {
                      OpenFile $filename

       application, dde, name, remote execution, security, send

       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability   | runtime/tk-8     |
       |Stability      | Uncommitted      |
       This    software    was    built    from    source     available     at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.    The  original  community
       source        was        downloaded        from         https://source-

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at https://www.tcl.tk/.

Tk                                    4.0                             send(1t)