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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

pkgmerge(1)

Name

pkgmerge - Image Packaging System package merging utility

Synopsis

/usr/bin/pkgmerge [-n] -d dest_repo
    [-p publisher_prefix]...
    -s variant=value[,...],src_repo ...
    [pkg_fmri_pattern ...]

Description

pkgmerge is a package publication tool for creating multi-variant packages. It does this by merging packages with identical names and versions (excluding time stamp), tagging actions that are unique in the versions being merged with the specified variant name and value for the given source, and then publishing the new packages to the target repository. Only the newest version of every package from each source is used.

If an action has the attribute pkg.merge.blend set to the name of the variant being merged, that action is copied to the other manifests prior to merging so that the action appears without any added variant tags in the final output. Note that the attribute pkg.merge.blend itself is removed from any actions in the output manifest. This attribute can be repeated with different values for multiple pass merges.

Non-identical actions that deliver to the same path in an input manifest result in pkgmerge exiting with an error.

After a pkgmerge operation, if your destination repository must support pkg search operations, run pkgrepo refresh on the repository to update search indexes.

Options

The following options are supported:

–?
–-help

Display a usage message.

–d dest_repo

Specify the file system path or URI of the target repository to publish the merged packages to. The target repository must already exist. New repositories can be created using pkgrepo.

–n

Perform a trial run with no changes made to the target repository.

–p publisher_prefix

Specify the name of the publisher from which to merge packages. This option can be specified multiple times.

By default, packages from all publishers in all source repositories are merged.

–s variant=value[,...],src_repo

Specify the variant name and value to use for packages from this source, followed by the file system path or URI of the source repository or package archive to retrieve packages from. Multiple variants can be specified separated by commas. The same variants must be named for all sources. This option can be specified multiple times.

Operands

The following operand is supported:

pkg_fmri_pattern

Specifies packages to merge. The pkg_fmri_pattern operand can include the ? and * characters as glob(3C)-style wildcards to match one or more packages.

Environment Variables

The following environment variable is supported:

TMPDIR

The absolute path of the directory where temporary data should be stored during program execution. If not set, the default is to store temporary data in /var/tmp.

Examples

Example 1 Specify Variant Name and Value

Tag each package found in the specified source with the given variant name and value specified for the source it was retrieved from:

$ pkgmerge -s arch=sparc,http://src.example.com \
-d http://dest.example.com

Sample package:

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T163427Z
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr

Sample package after operation:

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T163427Z
set name=variant.arch value=sparc
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr
Example 2 Merge and Publish Packages

Merge the newest version of each package from the given sources and publish the new packages to the target repository:

$ pkgmerge -s arch=sparc,http://src1.example.com \
-s arch=i386,http://src2.example.com \
-d /path/to/target/repository

Sample package from source 1 (SPARC):

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T121410Z
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr

Sample package from source 2 (i386):

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T163427Z
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr

Merged package:

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T163427Z
set name=variant.arch value=sparc value=i386
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo variant.arch=sparc
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo variant.arch=i386
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr
Example 3 Merge Debug and Non-Debug Packages for i386 and SPARC Systems

Merge the newest version of each package in a set of debug and non-debug repositories for i386 and SPARC systems:

$ pkgmerge -s arch=sparc,debug=false,/repo/sparc-nondebug \
-s arch=sparc,debug=true,/repo/sparc-debug \
-s arch=i386,debug=false,/repo/i386-nondebug \
-s arch=i386,debug=true,/repo/i386-debug \
-d /path/to/target/repository

Sample package from source 1 (SPARC non-debug):

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T121410Z
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr

Sample package from source 2 (SPARC debug):

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T121411Z
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr

Sample package from source 3 (i386 non-debug):

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T163427Z
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr

Sample package from source 4 (i386 debug):

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T163428Z
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr

Merged package:

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T163428Z
set name=variant.arch value=sparc value=i386
set name=variant.debug value=false value=true
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo variant.arch=sparc variant.debug=false
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo variant.arch=sparc variant.debug=true
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo variant.arch=i386 variant.debug=false
file id mode=0555 owner=root group=bin path=usr/bin/foo variant.arch=i386 variant.debug=true
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr
Example 4 Merge Using pkg.merge.blend

Merge packages for two architectures that do not collide, using the pkg.merge.blend attribute.

$ pkgmerge -s arch=sparc,http://src1/example.com \
-s arch=i386,http://src2.example.com \
-d /path/to/target/repository

Sample package from source 1 (SPARC):

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T121410Z
file 1d5eac1aab628317f9c088d21e4afda9c754bb76 mode=0555 owner=root \
    group=bin path=usr/bin/sparc/foo pkg.merge.blend=arch
file d285ada5f3cae14ea00e97a8d99bd3e357caadc0 mode=0555 owner=root \
    group=bin path=usr/bin/foo
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr

Sample package from source 2 (i386):

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T163427Z
file a285ada5f3cae14ea00e97a8d99bd3e357cb0dca mode=0555 owner=root \
    group=bin path=usr/bin/i386/foo pkg.merge.blend=arch
file d285ada5f3cae14ea00e97a8d99bd3e357caadc0 mode=0555 owner=root \
    group=bin path=usr/bin/foo
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr

Merged package:

set name=pkg.fmri value=pkg://example.com/foo@5.11,5.11-0.200:20381001T163427Z
set name=variant.arch value=sparc value=i386
file d285ada5f3cae14ea00e97a8d99bd3e357caadc0 mode=0555 owner=root \
    group=bin path=usr/bin/foo
file a285ada5f3cae14ea00e97a8d99bd3e357cb0dca mode=0555 owner=root \
    group=bin path=usr/bin/i386/foo
file 1d5eac1aab628317f9c088d21e4afda9c754bb76 mode=0555 owner=root \
    group=bin path=usr/bin/sparc/foo
dir group=sys mode=0755 owner=root path=usr
Example 5 Merge Packages With Different Publisher Prefixes

Merge only packages with the dev prefix, even though other packages in these repositories have the example.com prefix.

$ pkgmerge -p dev -s arch=sparc,http://src1.example.com \
-s arch=i386,http://src2.example.com \
-d /path/to/target/repository

Exit Status

The following exit values are returned:

0

Command succeeded.

1

An error occurred.

2

Invalid command line options were specified.

99

An unanticipated exception occurred.

Attributes

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Availability
package/pkg
Interface Stability
Uncommitted

See Also

pkgrepo(1), pkg(7)

Packaging and Delivering Software With the Image Packaging System in Oracle Solaris 11.4

https://github.com/oracle/solaris-ips