sccs - front end for the Source Code Control System (SCCS)
/usr/bin/sccs [-r] [-drootprefix] [-psubdir] subcommand [option]... [file]...
/usr/xpg4/bin/sccs [-r] [-d rootprefix] [-p subdir] subcommand [option]... [file]...
The sccs command is a comprehensive, straightforward front end to the various utility programs of the Source Code Control System (SCCS).
sccs applies the indicated subcommand to the history file associated with each of the indicated files.
The name of an SCCS history file is derived by prepending the `s.' prefix to the filename of a working copy. The sccs command normally expects these `s.files' to reside in an SCCS subdirectory. Thus, when you supply sccs with a file argument, it normally applies the subcommand to a file named s.file in the SCCS subdirectory. If file is a path name, sccs looks for the history file in the SCCS subdirectory of that file's parent directory. If file is a directory, however, sccs applies the subcommand to every s.file file it contains. Thus, the command:
example% sccs get program.c
would apply the get subcommand to a history file named SCCS/s.program.c, while the command:
example% sccs get SCCS
would apply it to every s.file in the SCCS subdirectory.
Options for the sccs command itself must appear before the subcommand argument. Options for a given subcommand must appear after the subcommand argument. These options are specific to each subcommand, and are described along with the subcommands themselves (see Subcommands below).
The sccs command also includes the capability to run ``setuid'' to provide additional protection. However, this does not apply to subcommands such as sccs-admin(1), since this would allow anyone to change the authorizations of the history file. Commands that would do so always run as the real user.
The following options are supported:
Defines the root portion of the path name for SCCS history files. The default root portion is the current directory. rootprefix is prepended to the entire file argument, even if file is an absolute path name. –d overrides any directory specified by the PROJECTDIR environment variable (see ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES below).
Defines the (sub)directory within which a history file is expected to reside. SCCS is the default. (See EXAMPLES below).
Runs sccs with the real user ID, rather than set to the effective user ID.
The following operands are supported:
a file passed to subcommand
an option or option-argument passed to subcommand
one of the subcommands listed in Usage
The usage for sccs is described below.
Many of the following sccs subcommands invoke programs that reside in /usr/bin. Many of these subcommands accept additional arguments that are documented in the reference page for the utility program the subcommand invokes.
Modify the flags or checksum of an SCCS history file. Refer to sccs-admin(1) for more information about the admin utility. While admin can be used to initialize a history file, you might find that the create subcommand is simpler to use for this purpose.
cdc –rsid [ –y[comment]]
Annotate (change) the delta commentary. Refer to sccs-cdc(1). The fix subcommand can be used to replace the delta, rather than merely annotating the existing commentary.
Specify the SCCS delta ID (SID) to which the change notation is to be added. The SID for a given delta is a number, in Dewey decimal format, composed of two or four fields: the release and level fields, and for branch deltas, the branch and sequence fields. For instance, the SID for the initial delta is normally 1.1.
Specify the comment with which to annotate the delta commentary. If –y is omitted, sccs prompts for a comment. A null comment results in an empty annotation.
check [–b] [–u[username] ]
Check for files currently being edited. Like info and tell, but returns an exit code, rather than producing a listing of files. check returns a non-zero exit status if anything is being edited.
Check only files being edited by you. When username is specified, check only files being edited by that user. For /usr/xpg4/bin/sccs, the –U option is equivalent to –u <current_user>.
Remove everything in the current directory that can be retrieved from an SCCS history. Does not remove files that are being edited.
Do not check branches to see if they are being edited. `clean –b' is dangerous when branch versions are kept in the same directory.
Generate scripts to combine deltas. Refer to sccs-comb(1).
Create (initialize) history files. create performs the following steps:
Renames the original source file to ,program.c in the current directory.
Create the history file called s.program.c in the SCCS subdirectory.
Performs an `sccs get' on program.c to retrieve a read-only copy of the initial version.
Equivalent to an `sccs delta' and then an `sccs edit'. deledit checks in a delta, and checks the file back out again, but leaves the current working copy of the file intact.
Silent. Do not report delta numbers or statistics.
Supply a comment for the delta commentary. If –y is omitted, delta prompts for a comment. A null comment results in an empty comment field for the delta.
Perform an `sccs delta' and then an `sccs get' to check in a delta and retrieve read-only copies of the resulting new version. See the deledit subcommand for a description of –s and –y. sccs performs a delta on all the files specified in the argument list, and then a get on all the files. If an error occurs during the delta, the get is not performed.
Check in pending changes. Records the line-by-line changes introduced while the file was checked out. The effective user ID must be the same as the ID of the person who has the file checked out. Refer to sccs-delta(1). See the deledit subcommand for a description of –s and –y.
diffs [–C] [–I] [–cdate-time] [–rsid] diff-options
Compare (in diff(1) format) the working copy of a file that is checked out for editing, with a version from the SCCS history. Use the most recent checked-in version by default. The diffs subcommand accepts the same options as diff.
Any –r, –c, –i, –x, and –t options are passed to subcommand get. A –C option is passed to diff as –c. An –I option is passed to diff as –i.
Use the most recent version checked in before the indicated date and time for comparison. date-time takes the form: yy[mm[dd[ hh[mm[ ss] ] ] ] ]. Omitted units default to their maximum possible values; that is –c7502 is equivalent to –c750228235959.
Use the version corresponding to the indicated delta for comparison.
Retrieve a version of the file for editing. `sccs edit' extracts a version of the file that is writable by you, and creates a p.file in the SCCS subdirectory as lock on the history, so that no one else can check that version in or out. ID keywords are retrieved in unexpanded form. edit accepts the same options as get, below. Refer to sccs-get(1) for a list of ID keywords and their definitions.
Similar to create, but omits the final `sccs get'. This can be used if an `sccs edit' is to be performed immediately after the history file is initialized.
Revise a (leaf) delta. Remove the indicated delta from the SCCS history, but leave a working copy of the current version in the directory. This is useful for incorporating trivial updates for which no audit record is needed, or for revising the delta commentary. fix must be followed by a –r option, to specify the SID of the delta to remove. The indicated delta must be the most recent (leaf) delta in its branch. Use fix with caution since it does not leave an audit trail of differences (although the previous commentary is retained within the history file).
get [–ekmps] [–Gnewname] [–cdate-time] [–r[sid] ]
Retrieve a version from the SCCS history. By default, this is a read-only working copy of the most recent version. ID keywords are in expanded form. Refer to sccs-get(1), which includes a list of ID keywords and their definitions.
Retrieve the latest version checked in prior to the date and time indicated by the date-time argument. date-time takes the form: yy[mm[dd[ hh[ mm[ss] ] ] ] ].
Retrieve a version for editing. Same as sccs edit.
Use newname as the name of the retrieved version.
Retrieve a writable copy but do not check out the file. ID keywords are unexpanded.
Precede each line with the SID of the delta in which it was added.
Produce the retrieved version on the standard output. Reports that would normally go to the standard output (delta IDs and statistics) are directed to the standard error.
Retrieve the version corresponding to the indicated SID. For /usr/bin/sccs, if no sid is specified, the latest sid for the specified file is retrieved.
Silent. Do not report version numbers or statistics.
Supply more information about SCCS diagnostics. sccs-help displays a brief explanation of the error when you supply the code displayed by an SCCS diagnostic message. If you supply the name of an SCCS command, it prints a usage line. sccs-help also recognizes the keyword stuck. Refer to sccs-help(1).
info [–b] [–u[username] ]
Display a list of files being edited, including the version number checked out, the version to be checked in, the name of the user who holds the lock, and the date and time the file was checked out.
List only files checked out by you. When username is specified, list only files checked out by that user. For /usr/xpg4/bin/sccs, the –U option is equivalent to –u <current_user>.
Print the entire history of each named file. Equivalent to an `sccs prs –e' followed by an `sccs get –p –m'.
prs [–el] [–cdate-time] [–rsid]
Peruse (display) the delta table, or other portion of an s. file. Refer to sccs-prs(1).
Specify the latest delta checked in before the indicated date and time. The date-time argument takes the orm: yy[mm[dd[ hh[mm[ ss] ] ] ] ].
Display delta table information for all deltas earlier than the one specified with –r (or all deltas if none is specified).
Display information for all deltas later than, and including, that specified by –c or –r.
Specify a given delta by SID.
Remove the indicated delta from the history file. That delta must be the most recent (leaf) delta in its branch. Refer to sccs-rmdel(1).
Show editing activity status of an SCCS file. Refer to sccs-sact(1).
Compare two versions corresponding to the indicated SIDs (deltas) using diff. Refer to sccs-sccsdiff(1).
tell [–b] [–u[username] ]
Display the list of files that are currently checked out, one file per line.
List only files checked out to you. When username is specified, list only files checked out to that user. For /usr/xpg4/bin/sccs, the –U option is equivalent to –u <current_user>.
“Undo” the last edit or `get –e', and return the working copy to its previous condition. unedit backs out all pending changes made since the file was checked out.
Same as unedit. Refer to sccs-unget(1).
Validate the history file. Refer to sccs-val(1).
Display any expanded ID keyword strings contained in a binary (object) or text file. Refer to what(1) for more information.
To check out a copy of program.c for editing, edit it, and then check it back in:
example% sccs edit program.c 1.1 new delta 1.2 14 lines example% vi program.c your editing session example% sccs delget program.c comments? clarified cryptic diagnostic 1.2 3 inserted 2 deleted 12 unchanged 1.2 15 linesExample 2 Defining the root portion of the command pathname
sccs converts the command:
example% sccs -d/usr/src/include get stdio.h
/usr/bin/get /usr/src/include/SCCS/s.stdio.hExample 3 Defining the resident subdirectory
example% sccs -pprivate get include/stdio.h
/usr/bin/get include/private/s.stdio.hExample 4 Initializing a history file
To initialize the history file for a source file named program.c, make the SCCS subdirectory, and then use `sccs create':
example% mkdir SCCS example% sccs create program.c program.c: 1.1 14 lines
After verifying the working copy, you can remove the backup file that starts with a comma:
example% diff program.c ,program.c example% rm ,program.cExample 5 Retrieving a file from another directory
To retrieve a file from another directory into the current directory:
example% sccs get /usr/src/sccs/cc.c
example% sccs -p/usr/src/sccs/ get cc.cExample 6 Checking out all files
To check out all files under SCCS in the current directory:
example% sccs edit SCCSExample 7 Checking in all files
To check in all files currently checked out to you:
example% sccs delta `sccs tell -u`Example 8 Entering multiple lines of comments
If using –y to enter a comment, for most shells, enclose the comment in single or double quotes. In the following example, Myfile is checked in with a two-line comment:
example% sccs deledit Myfile -y"Entering a multi-line comment" No id keywords (cm7) 1.2 2 inserted 0 deleted 14 unchanged 1.2 new delta 1.3
Displaying the SCCS history of Myfile:
example% sccs prt Myfile SCCS/s.Myfile: D 1.2 01/04/20 16:37:07 me 2 1 00002/00000/00014 Entering a multi-line comment D 1.1 01/04/15 13:23:32 me 1 0 00014/00000/00000 date and time created 01/04/15 13:23:32 by me
If –y is not used and sccs prompts for a comment, the newlines must be escaped using the backslash character (\):
example% sccs deledit Myfile comments? Entering a \ multi-line comment No id keywords (cm7) 1.2 0 inserted 0 deleted 14 unchanged 1.2 new delta 1.3
See environ(7) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of sccs: LANG, LC_ALL , LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.
If contains an absolute path name (beginning with a slash), sccs searches for SCCS history files in the directory given by that variable.
If PROJECTDIR does not begin with a slash, it is taken as the name of a user, and sccs searches the src or source subdirectory of that user's home directory for history files. If such a directory is found, it is used. Otherwise, the value is used as a relative path name.
The following exit values are returned:
An error occurred.
temporary file of differences
lock (permissions) file for checked-out versions
SCCS history file
temporary copy of the s.file
temporary lock file
SCCS utility programs
See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:
awk(1), diff(1), sccs-admin(1), sccs-cdc(1), sccs-comb(1), sccs-delta(1), sccs-get(1), sccs-help(1), sccs-prs(1), sccs-rmdel(1), sccs-sact(1), sccs-sccsdiff(1), sccs-unget(1), sccs-val(1), sed(1), what(1), sccsfile(5), attributes(7), environ(7), standards(7)