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man pages section 1: User Commands

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Updated: Wednesday, February 9, 2022

git-revert (1)


git-revert - Revert some existing commits


git revert [--[no-]edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-S[<keyid>]] <commit>...
git revert (--continue | --skip | --abort | --quit)


GIT-REVERT(1)                     Git Manual                     GIT-REVERT(1)

       git-revert - Revert some existing commits

       git revert [--[no-]edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-S[<keyid>]] <commit>...
       git revert (--continue | --skip | --abort | --quit)

       Given one or more existing commits, revert the changes that the related
       patches introduce, and record some new commits that record them. This
       requires your working tree to be clean (no modifications from the HEAD

       Note: git revert is used to record some new commits to reverse the
       effect of some earlier commits (often only a faulty one). If you want
       to throw away all uncommitted changes in your working directory, you
       should see git-reset(1), particularly the --hard option. If you want to
       extract specific files as they were in another commit, you should see
       git-restore(1), specifically the --source option. Take care with these
       alternatives as both will discard uncommitted changes in your working

       See "Reset, restore and revert" in git(1) for the differences between
       the three commands.

           Commits to revert. For a more complete list of ways to spell commit
           names, see gitrevisions(7). Sets of commits can also be given but
           no traversal is done by default, see git-rev-list(1) and its
           --no-walk option.

       -e, --edit
           With this option, git revert will let you edit the commit message
           prior to committing the revert. This is the default if you run the
           command from a terminal.

       -m parent-number, --mainline parent-number
           Usually you cannot revert a merge because you do not know which
           side of the merge should be considered the mainline. This option
           specifies the parent number (starting from 1) of the mainline and
           allows revert to reverse the change relative to the specified

           Reverting a merge commit declares that you will never want the tree
           changes brought in by the merge. As a result, later merges will
           only bring in tree changes introduced by commits that are not
           ancestors of the previously reverted merge. This may or may not be
           what you want.

           See the revert-a-faulty-merge How-To[1] for more details.

           With this option, git revert will not start the commit message

           This option determines how the commit message will be cleaned up
           before being passed on to the commit machinery. See git-commit(1)
           for more details. In particular, if the <mode> is given a value of
           scissors, scissors will be appended to MERGE_MSG before being
           passed on in the case of a conflict.

       -n, --no-commit
           Usually the command automatically creates some commits with commit
           log messages stating which commits were reverted. This flag applies
           the changes necessary to revert the named commits to your working
           tree and the index, but does not make the commits. In addition,
           when this option is used, your index does not have to match the
           HEAD commit. The revert is done against the beginning state of your

           This is useful when reverting more than one commits' effect to your
           index in a row.

       -S[<keyid>], --gpg-sign[=<keyid>], --no-gpg-sign
           GPG-sign commits. The keyid argument is optional and defaults to
           the committer identity; if specified, it must be stuck to the
           option without a space.  --no-gpg-sign is useful to countermand
           both commit.gpgSign configuration variable, and earlier --gpg-sign.

       -s, --signoff
           Add a Signed-off-by trailer at the end of the commit message. See
           the signoff option in git-commit(1) for more information.

           Use the given merge strategy. Should only be used once. See the
           MERGE STRATEGIES section in git-merge(1) for details.

       -X<option>, --strategy-option=<option>
           Pass the merge strategy-specific option through to the merge
           strategy. See git-merge(1) for details.

       --rerere-autoupdate, --no-rerere-autoupdate
           Allow the rerere mechanism to update the index with the result of
           auto-conflict resolution if possible.

           Continue the operation in progress using the information in
           .git/sequencer. Can be used to continue after resolving conflicts
           in a failed cherry-pick or revert.

           Skip the current commit and continue with the rest of the sequence.

           Forget about the current operation in progress. Can be used to
           clear the sequencer state after a failed cherry-pick or revert.

           Cancel the operation and return to the pre-sequence state.

       git revert HEAD~3
           Revert the changes specified by the fourth last commit in HEAD and
           create a new commit with the reverted changes.

       git revert -n master~5..master~2
           Revert the changes done by commits from the fifth last commit in
           master (included) to the third last commit in master (included),
           but do not create any commit with the reverted changes. The revert
           only modifies the working tree and the index.


       Part of the git(1) suite

        1. revert-a-faulty-merge How-To

Git 2.31.1                        03/26/2021                     GIT-REVERT(1)