Go to main content

man pages section 1: User Commands

Exit Print View

Updated: Wednesday, July 27, 2022

git-ls-files (1)


git-ls-files - Show information about files in the index and the working tree


git ls-files [-z] [-t] [-v] [-f]
[-c|--cached] [-d|--deleted] [-o|--others] [-i|--|ignored]
[-s|--stage] [-u|--unmerged] [-k|--|killed] [-m|--modified]
[--directory [--no-empty-directory]] [--eol]
[-x <pattern>|--exclude=<pattern>]
[-X <file>|--exclude-from=<file>]
[--error-unmatch] [--with-tree=<tree-ish>]
[--full-name] [--recurse-submodules]
[--abbrev[=<n>]] [--] [<file>...]


GIT-LS-FILES(1)                   Git Manual                   GIT-LS-FILES(1)

       git-ls-files - Show information about files in the index and the
       working tree

       git ls-files [-z] [-t] [-v] [-f]
                       [-c|--cached] [-d|--deleted] [-o|--others] [-i|--|ignored]
                       [-s|--stage] [-u|--unmerged] [-k|--|killed] [-m|--modified]
                       [--directory [--no-empty-directory]] [--eol]
                       [-x <pattern>|--exclude=<pattern>]
                       [-X <file>|--exclude-from=<file>]
                       [--error-unmatch] [--with-tree=<tree-ish>]
                       [--full-name] [--recurse-submodules]
                       [--abbrev[=<n>]] [--] [<file>...]

       This merges the file listing in the index with the actual working
       directory list, and shows different combinations of the two.

       One or more of the options below may be used to determine the files

       -c, --cached
           Show cached files in the output (default)

       -d, --deleted
           Show deleted files in the output

       -m, --modified
           Show modified files in the output

       -o, --others
           Show other (i.e. untracked) files in the output

       -i, --ignored
           Show only ignored files in the output. When showing files in the
           index, print only those matched by an exclude pattern. When showing
           "other" files, show only those matched by an exclude pattern.
           Standard ignore rules are not automatically activated, therefore at
           least one of the --exclude* options is required.

       -s, --stage
           Show staged contents' mode bits, object name and stage number in
           the output.

           If a whole directory is classified as "other", show just its name
           (with a trailing slash) and not its whole contents.

           Do not list empty directories. Has no effect without --directory.

       -u, --unmerged
           Show unmerged files in the output (forces --stage)

       -k, --killed
           Show files on the filesystem that need to be removed due to
           file/directory conflicts for checkout-index to succeed.

           \0 line termination on output and do not quote filenames. See
           OUTPUT below for more information.

           When only filenames are shown, suppress duplicates that may come
           from having multiple stages during a merge, or giving --deleted and
           --modified option at the same time. When any of the -t, --unmerged,
           or --stage option is in use, this option has no effect.

       -x <pattern>, --exclude=<pattern>
           Skip untracked files matching pattern. Note that pattern is a shell
           wildcard pattern. See EXCLUDE PATTERNS below for more information.

       -X <file>, --exclude-from=<file>
           Read exclude patterns from <file>; 1 per line.

           Read additional exclude patterns that apply only to the directory
           and its subdirectories in <file>.

           Add the standard Git exclusions: .git/info/exclude, .gitignore in
           each directory, and the user's global exclusion file.

           If any <file> does not appear in the index, treat this as an error
           (return 1).

           When using --error-unmatch to expand the user supplied <file> (i.e.
           path pattern) arguments to paths, pretend that paths which were
           removed in the index since the named <tree-ish> are still present.
           Using this option with -s or -u options does not make any sense.

           This feature is semi-deprecated. For scripting purpose, git-
           status(1) --porcelain and git-diff-files(1) --name-status are
           almost always superior alternatives, and users should look at git-
           status(1) --short or git-diff(1) --name-status for more
           user-friendly alternatives.

           This option identifies the file status with the following tags
           (followed by a space) at the start of each line:






               to be killed


           Similar to -t, but use lowercase letters for files that are marked
           as assume unchanged (see git-update-index(1)).

           Similar to -t, but use lowercase letters for files that are marked
           as fsmonitor valid (see git-update-index(1)).

           When run from a subdirectory, the command usually outputs paths
           relative to the current directory. This option forces paths to be
           output relative to the project top directory.

           Recursively calls ls-files on each active submodule in the
           repository. Currently there is only support for the --cached and
           --stage modes.

           Instead of showing the full 40-byte hexadecimal object lines, show
           the shortest prefix that is at least <n> hexdigits long that
           uniquely refers the object. Non default number of digits can be
           specified with --abbrev=<n>.

           After each line that describes a file, add more data about its
           cache entry. This is intended to show as much information as
           possible for manual inspection; the exact format may change at any

           Show <eolinfo> and <eolattr> of files. <eolinfo> is the file
           content identification used by Git when the "text" attribute is
           "auto" (or not set and core.autocrlf is not false). <eolinfo> is
           either "-text", "none", "lf", "crlf", "mixed" or "".

           "" means the file is not a regular file, it is not in the index or
           not accessible in the working tree.

           <eolattr> is the attribute that is used when checking out or
           committing, it is either "", "-text", "text", "text=auto", "text
           eol=lf", "text eol=crlf". Since Git 2.10 "text=auto eol=lf" and
           "text=auto eol=crlf" are supported.

           Both the <eolinfo> in the index ("i/<eolinfo>") and in the working
           tree ("w/<eolinfo>") are shown for regular files, followed by the

           If the index is sparse, show the sparse directories without
           expanding to the contained files. Sparse directories will be shown
           with a trailing slash, such as "x/" for a sparse directory "x".

           Do not interpret any more arguments as options.

           Files to show. If no files are given all files which match the
           other specified criteria are shown.

       git ls-files just outputs the filenames unless --stage is specified in
       which case it outputs:

           [<tag> ]<mode> <object> <stage> <file>

       git ls-files --eol will show

       git ls-files --unmerged and git ls-files --stage can be used to examine
       detailed information on unmerged paths.

       For an unmerged path, instead of recording a single mode/SHA-1 pair,
       the index records up to three such pairs; one from tree O in stage 1, A
       in stage 2, and B in stage 3. This information can be used by the user
       (or the porcelain) to see what should eventually be recorded at the
       path. (see git-read-tree(1) for more information on state)

       Without the -z option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are quoted
       as explained for the configuration variable core.quotePath (see git-
       config(1)). Using -z the filename is output verbatim and the line is
       terminated by a NUL byte.

       git ls-files can use a list of "exclude patterns" when traversing the
       directory tree and finding files to show when the flags --others or
       --ignored are specified. gitignore(5) specifies the format of exclude

       These exclude patterns come from these places, in order:

        1. The command-line flag --exclude=<pattern> specifies a single
           pattern. Patterns are ordered in the same order they appear in the
           command line.

        2. The command-line flag --exclude-from=<file> specifies a file
           containing a list of patterns. Patterns are ordered in the same
           order they appear in the file.

        3. The command-line flag --exclude-per-directory=<name> specifies a
           name of the file in each directory git ls-files examines, normally
           .gitignore. Files in deeper directories take precedence. Patterns
           are ordered in the same order they appear in the files.

       A pattern specified on the command line with --exclude or read from the
       file specified with --exclude-from is relative to the top of the
       directory tree. A pattern read from a file specified by
       --exclude-per-directory is relative to the directory that the pattern
       file appears in.

       git-read-tree(1), gitignore(5)

       Part of the git(1) suite

Git 2.36.0                        04/17/2022                   GIT-LS-FILES(1)