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Updated: Wednesday, July 27, 2022

git-ls-tree (1)


git-ls-tree - List the contents of a tree object


git ls-tree [-d] [-r] [-t] [-l] [-z]
[--name-only] [--name-status] [--object-only] [--full-name] [--full-tree] [--abbrev[=<n>]] [--format=<format>]
<tree-ish> [<path>...]


GIT-LS-TREE(1)                    Git Manual                    GIT-LS-TREE(1)

       git-ls-tree - List the contents of a tree object

       git ls-tree [-d] [-r] [-t] [-l] [-z]
                   [--name-only] [--name-status] [--object-only] [--full-name] [--full-tree] [--abbrev[=<n>]] [--format=<format>]
                   <tree-ish> [<path>...]

       Lists the contents of a given tree object, like what "/bin/ls -a" does
       in the current working directory. Note that:

       o   the behaviour is slightly different from that of "/bin/ls" in that
           the <path> denotes just a list of patterns to match, e.g. so
           specifying directory name (without -r) will behave differently, and
           order of the arguments does not matter.

       o   the behaviour is similar to that of "/bin/ls" in that the <path> is
           taken as relative to the current working directory. E.g. when you
           are in a directory sub that has a directory dir, you can run git
           ls-tree -r HEAD dir to list the contents of the tree (that is
           sub/dir in HEAD). You don't want to give a tree that is not at the
           root level (e.g.  git ls-tree -r HEAD:sub dir) in this case, as
           that would result in asking for sub/sub/dir in the HEAD commit.
           However, the current working directory can be ignored by passing
           --full-tree option.

           Id of a tree-ish.

           Show only the named tree entry itself, not its children.

           Recurse into sub-trees.

           Show tree entries even when going to recurse them. Has no effect if
           -r was not passed.  -d implies -t.

       -l, --long
           Show object size of blob (file) entries.

           \0 line termination on output and do not quote filenames. See
           OUTPUT FORMAT below for more information.

       --name-only, --name-status
           List only filenames (instead of the "long" output), one per line.
           Cannot be combined with --object-only.

           List only names of the objects, one per line. Cannot be combined
           with --name-only or --name-status. This is equivalent to specifying
           --format='%(objectname)', but for both this option and that exact
           format the command takes a hand-optimized codepath instead of going
           through the generic formatting mechanism.

           Instead of showing the full 40-byte hexadecimal object lines, show
           the shortest prefix that is at least <n> hexdigits long that
           uniquely refers the object. Non default number of digits can be
           specified with --abbrev=<n>.

           Instead of showing the path names relative to the current working
           directory, show the full path names.

           Do not limit the listing to the current working directory. Implies

           A string that interpolates %(fieldname) from the result being
           shown. It also interpolates %% to %, and %xx where xx are hex
           digits interpolates to character with hex code xx; for example %00
           interpolates to \0 (NUL), %09 to \t (TAB) and %0a to \n (LF). When
           specified, --format cannot be combined with other format-altering
           options, including --long, --name-only and --object-only.

           When paths are given, show them (note that this isn't really raw
           pathnames, but rather a list of patterns to match). Otherwise
           implicitly uses the root level of the tree as the sole path

       The output format of ls-tree is determined by either the --format
       option, or other format-altering options such as --name-only etc. (see
       --format above).

       The use of certain --format directives is equivalent to using those
       options, but invoking the full formatting machinery can be slower than
       using an appropriate formatting option.

       In cases where the --format would exactly map to an existing option
       ls-tree will use the appropriate faster path. Thus the default format
       is equivalent to:

           %(objectmode) %(objecttype) %(objectname)%x09%(path)

       This output format is compatible with what --index-info --stdin of git
       update-index expects.

       When the -l option is used, format changes to

           %(objectmode) %(objecttype) %(objectname) %(objectsize:padded)%x09%(path)

       Object size identified by <objectname> is given in bytes, and
       right-justified with minimum width of 7 characters. Object size is
       given only for blobs (file) entries; for other entries - character is
       used in place of size.

       Without the -z option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are quoted
       as explained for the configuration variable core.quotePath (see git-
       config(1)). Using -z the filename is output verbatim and the line is
       terminated by a NUL byte.

       Customized format:

       It is possible to print in a custom format by using the --format
       option, which is able to interpolate different fields using a
       %(fieldname) notation. For example, if you only care about the
       "objectname" and "path" fields, you can execute with a specific
       "--format" like

           git ls-tree --format='%(objectname) %(path)' <tree-ish>

       Various values from structured fields can be used to interpolate into
       the resulting output. For each outputing line, the following names can
       be used:

           The mode of the object.

           The type of the object (commit, blob or tree).

           The name of the object.

           The size of a blob object ("-" if it's a commit or tree). It also
           supports a padded format of size with "%(objectsize:padded)".

           The pathname of the object.

       Part of the git(1) suite

Git 2.36.0                        04/17/2022                    GIT-LS-TREE(1)