grotty - like devices
grotty [ -bBcdfhioruUv ] [ -Fdir ] [ files... ] It is possible to have whitespace between the -F option and its parame- ter.
GROTTY(1) General Commands Manual GROTTY(1) NAME grotty - groff driver for typewriter-like devices SYNOPSIS grotty [ -bBcdfhioruUv ] [ -Fdir ] [ files... ] It is possible to have whitespace between the -F option and its parame- ter. DESCRIPTION grotty translates the output of GNU troff into a form suitable for typewriter-like devices. Normally grotty should be invoked by using the groff command with a -Tascii, -Tlatin1 or -Tutf8 option on ASCII based systems, and with -Tcp1047 and -Tutf8 on EBCDIC based hosts. If no files are given, grotty reads the standard input. A filename of - also causes grotty to read the standard input. Output is written to the standard output. By default, grotty emits SGR escape sequences (from ISO 6429, also called ANSI color escapes) to change text attributes (bold, italic, colors). This makes it possible to have eight different background and foreground colors; additionally, bold and italic attributes can be used at the same time (by using the BI font). The following colors are defined in tty.tmac: black, white, red, green, blue, yellow, magenta, cyan. Unknown colors are mapped to the default color (which is dependent on the settings of the terminal; in most cases, this is black for the foreground and white for the background). Use the -c switch to revert to the old behaviour, printing a bold char- acter c with the sequence `c BACKSPACE c' and an italic character c by the sequence `_ BACKSPACE c'. At the same time, color output is dis- abled. The same effect can be achieved by setting either the GROFF_NO_SGR environment variable or using the `sgr' X command (see below). For SGR support, it is necessary to use the -R option of less(1) to disable the interpretation of grotty's old output format. Conse- quently, all programs which use less as the pager program have to pass this option to it. For man(1) in particular, either add -R to the $PAGER environment variable, e.g. PAGER="/usr/bin/less -R" export PAGER or use the -P option of man to set the pager executable and its options, or modify the configuration file of man in a similar fashion. Note that with some man(1) versions, you have to use the $MANPAGER environment variable instead. grotty's old output format can be displayed on a terminal by piping through ul(1). Pagers such as more(1) or less(1) are also able to dis- play these sequences. Use either -B or -U when piping into less(1); use -b when piping into more(1). There is no need to filter the output through col(1) since grotty never outputs reverse line feeds. The font description file may contain a command internalname n where n is a decimal integer. If the 01 bit in n is set, then the font is treated as an italic font; if the 02 bit is set, then it is treated as a bold font. The code field in the font description field gives the code which is used to output the character. This code can also be used in the \N escape sequence in troff. If the DESC file contains the keyword unicode, grotty emits Unicode characters in UTF-8 encoding. Otherwise, it emits characters in a sin- gle-byte encoding depending on the data in the font description files. See the groff_font(5) man page for more details. OPTIONS -b Suppress the use of overstriking for bold characters. Ignored if -c isn't used. -B Use only overstriking for bold-italic characters. Ignored if -c isn't used. -c Use grotty's old output format (see above). This also disables color output. -d Ignore all \D commands. Without this grotty renders \D'l...' commands that have at least one zero argument (and so are either horizontal or vertical) using -, |, and + characters. In a sim- ilar way, grotty handles \D'p...' commands which consist entirely of horizontal and vertical lines. -f Use form feeds in the output. A form feed is output at the end of each page that has no output on its last line. -Fdir Prepend directory dir/devname to the search path for font and device description files; name is the name of the device, usu- ally ascii, latin1, utf8, or cp1047. -h Use horizontal tabs in the output. Tabs are assumed to be set every 8 columns. -i Use escape sequences to set the italic text attribute instead of the underline attribute for italic fonts (`I' and `BI'). Note that most terminals (including xterm) don't support this. Ignored if -c is active. -o Suppress overstriking (other than for bold or underlined charac- ters in case the old output format has been activated with -c). -r Use escape sequences to set the reverse text attribute instead of the underline attribute for italic fonts (`I' and `BI'). Ignored if -c is active. -u Suppress the use of underlining for italic characters. Ignored if -c isn't used. -U Use only underlining for bold-italic characters. Ignored if -c isn't used. -v Print the version number. USAGE grotty understands a single X command produced using the \X escape sequence. \X'tty: sgr n' If n is non-zero or missing, enable SGR output (this is the default), otherwise use the old drawing scheme for bold and underline. ENVIRONMENT GROFF_NO_SGR If set, the old drawing scheme for bold and underline (using the backspace character) is active. Colors are disabled. GROFF_FONT_PATH A list of directories in which to search for the devname direc- tory in addition to the default ones. See troff(1) and groff_font(5) for more details. FILES /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devascii/DESC Device description file for ascii device. /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devascii/F Font description file for font F of ascii device. /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devlatin1/DESC Device description file for latin1 device. /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devlatin1/F Font description file for font F of latin1 device. /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devutf8/DESC Device description file for utf8 device. /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devutf8/F Font description file for font F of utf8 device. /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devcp1047/DESC Device description file for cp1047 device. /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devcp1047/F Font description file for font F of cp1047 device. /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/tmac/tty.tmac Macros for use with grotty. /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/tmac/tty-char.tmac Additional kludgy character definitions for use with grotty. Note that on EBCDIC hosts, only files for the cp1047 device is installed. BUGS grotty is intended only for simple documents. There is no support for fractional horizontal or vertical motions. There is no support for \D commands other than horizontal and vertical lines. Characters above the first line (i.e. with a vertical position of 0) cannot be printed. Color handling is different compared to grops(1). \M doesn't set the fill color for closed graphic objects (which grotty doesn't support anyway) but changes the background color of the character cell, affect- ing all subsequent operations. ATTRIBUTES See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes: +---------------+-----------------------+ |ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +---------------+-----------------------+ |Availability | text/groff/groff-core | +---------------+-----------------------+ |Stability | Uncommitted | +---------------+-----------------------+ SEE ALSO groff(1), troff(1), groff_out(5), groff_font(5), groff_char(7), ul(1), more(1), man(1), less(1) COPYING Copyright (C) 1989-2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc. Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are preserved on all copies. Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a per- mission notice identical to this one. Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this man- ual into another language, under the above conditions for modified ver- sions, except that this permission notice may be included in transla- tions approved by the Free Software Foundation instead of in the origi- nal English. NOTES Source code for open source software components in Oracle Solaris can be found at https://www.oracle.com/downloads/opensource/solaris-source- code-downloads.html. This software was built from source available at https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland. The original community source was downloaded from https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/groff/groff-1.22.3.tar.gz. Further information about this software can be found on the open source community website at https://www.gnu.org/software/groff. Groff Version 1.22.3 4 November 2014 GROTTY(1)