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man pages section 1: User Commands

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Updated: Thursday, March 14, 2019
 
 

mkdir(1)

Name

mkdir - make directories

Synopsis

/usr/bin/mkdir [-m mode | --mode=mode] [-p | --parents]
     [-v | --verbose] [--help] dir...

Description

The mkdir command creates the named directories in mode 777 (possibly altered by the file mode creation mask umask(1)).

Standard entries in a directory (for instance, the files “.”, for the directory itself, and “. .”, for its parent) are made automatically. mkdir cannot create these entries by name. Creation of a directory requires write permission in the parent directory.

The owner-ID and group-ID of the new directories are set to the process's effective user-ID and group-ID, respectively. mkdir calls the mkdir(2) system call.

setgid and mkdir

To change the setgid bit on a newly created directory, you must use chmod g+s or chmod g-s after executing mkdir.

The setgid bit setting is inherited from the parent directory.

Options

The following options are supported:

–-help

Display usage message and exit.

–m mode, –-mode=mode

This option allows users to specify the mode to be used for new directories. Choices for modes can be found in chmod(1).

–p, –-parents

With this option, mkdir creates dir by creating all the non-existing parent directories first. The mode given to intermediate directories is the difference between 777 and the bits set in the file mode creation mask. The difference, however, must be at least 300 (write and execute permission for the user).

–v, –-verbose

Display a summary message for the created directory or directories.

Operands

The following operand is supported:

dir

A path name of a directory to be created.

Examples

Example 1 Using mkdir

The following example:

example% mkdir -p ltr/jd/jan

creates the subdirectory structure ltr/jd/jan.

Environment Variables

See environ(7) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of mkdir: LANG, LC_ALL , LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.

Exit Status

The following exit values are returned:

0

All the specified directories were created successfully or the –p option was specified and all the specified directories now exist.

>0

An error occurred.

Attributes

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Availability
system/core-os
CSI
Enabled
Interface Stability
Committed
Standard

See Also

chmod(1), rm(1), sh(1), umask(1), Intro(2), mkdir(2), getopt_long(3C), mkdirp(3GEN), attributes(7), environ(7), standards(7)