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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

grodvi (1)

Name

grodvi - convert groff output to TeX dvi format

Synopsis

grodvi [ -dlv ] [ -Fdir ] [ -ppapersize ] [ -wn ] [ files... ]

It is possible to have whitespace between a command line option and its
parameter.

Description

GRODVI(1)                   General Commands Manual                  GRODVI(1)



NAME
       grodvi - convert groff output to TeX dvi format

SYNOPSIS
       grodvi [ -dlv ] [ -Fdir ] [ -ppapersize ] [ -wn ] [ files... ]

       It is possible to have whitespace between a command line option and its
       parameter.

DESCRIPTION
       grodvi is a driver for groff that produces TeX dvi format.  Normally it
       should be run by groff -Tdvi.  This will run troff -Tdvi; it will also
       input the macros in /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/tmac/dvi.tmac.

       The dvi file generated by grodvi can be printed by any correctly-writ-
       ten dvi driver.  The troff drawing primitives are implemented using the
       tpic version 2 specials.  If the driver does not support these, the \D
       commands will not produce any output.

       There is an additional drawing command available:

       \D'R dh dv'
              Draw a rule (solid black rectangle), with one corner at the cur-
              rent position, and the diagonally opposite corner at the current
              position +(dh,dv).  Afterwards the current position will be at
              the opposite corner.  This produces a rule in the dvi file and
              so can be printed even with a driver that does not support the
              tpic specials unlike the other \D commands.

       The groff command \X'anything' is translated into the same command in
       the dvi file as would be produced by \special{anything} in TeX; any-
       thing may not contain a newline.

       For inclusion of EPS image files, -Tdvi loads pspic.tmac automatically,
       providing the PSPIC macro.  Please check groff_tmac(5) for a detailed
       description.

       Font files for grodvi can be created from tfm files using tfmtodit(1).
       The font description file should contain the following additional com-
       mands:

       internalname name
                     The name of the tfm file (without the .tfm extension) is
                     name.

       checksum n    The checksum in the tfm file is n.

       designsize n  The designsize in the tfm file is n.

       These are automatically generated by tfmtodit.

       The default color for \m and \M is black.  Currently, the drawing color
       for \D commands is always black, and fill color values are translated
       to gray.

       In troff the \N escape sequence can be used to access characters by
       their position in the corresponding tfm file; all characters in the tfm
       file can be accessed this way.

       By design, the DVI format doesn't care about physical dimensions of the
       output medium.  Instead, grodvi emits the equivalent to TeX's \spe-
       cial{papersize=width,length} on the first page; dvips (and possibly
       other DVI drivers) then sets the page size accordingly.  If either the
       page width or length is not positive, no papersize special is output.

OPTIONS
       -d     Do not use tpic specials to implement drawing commands.  Hori-
              zontal and vertical lines will be implemented by rules.  Other
              drawing commands will be ignored.

       -Fdir  Prepend directory dir/devname to the search path for font and
              device description files; name is the name of the device, usu-
              ally dvi.

       -l     Specify landscape orientation.

       -ppapersize
              Specify paper dimensions.  This overrides the papersize, paper-
              length, and paperwidth commands in the DESC file; it accepts the
              same arguments as the papersize command (see groff_font(5) for
              details).

       -v     Print the version number.

       -wn    Set the default line thickness to n thousandths of an em.  If
              this option isn't specified, the line thickness defaults to
              0.04 em.

USAGE
       There are styles called R, I, B, and BI mounted at font positions 1
       to 4.  The fonts are grouped into families T and H having members in
       each of these styles:

              TR     CM Roman (cmr10)
              TI     CM Text Italic (cmti10)
              TB     CM Bold Extended Roman (cmbx10)
              TBI    CM Bold Extended Text Italic (cmbxti10)
              HR     CM Sans Serif (cmss10)
              HI     CM Slanted Sans Serif (cmssi10)
              HB     CM Sans Serif Bold Extended (cmssbx10)
              HBI    CM Slanted Sans Serif Bold Extended (cmssbxo10)

       There are also the following fonts which are not members of a family:

              CW     CM Typewriter Text (cmtt10)
              CWI    CM Italic Typewriter Text (cmitt10)

       Special fonts are MI (cmmi10), S (cmsy10), EX (cmex10), SC (cmtex10,
       only for CW), and, perhaps surprisingly, TR, TI, and CW, due to the
       different font encodings of text fonts.  For italic fonts, CWI is used
       instead of CW.

       Finally, the symbol fonts of the American Mathematical Society are
       available as special fonts SA (msam10) and SB (msbm10).  These two
       fonts are not mounted by default.

       Using the option -mec (which loads the file ec.tmac) provides the EC
       and TC fonts.  The design of the EC family is very similar to that of
       the CM fonts; additionally, they give a much better coverage of groff
       symbols.  Note that ec.tmac must be called before any language-specific
       files; it doesn't take care of hcode values.

ENVIRONMENT
       GROFF_FONT_PATH
              A list of directories in which to search for the devname direc-
              tory in addition to the default ones.  See troff(1) and
              groff_font(5) for more details.

FILES
       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devdvi/DESC
              Device description file.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devdvi/F
              Font description file for font F.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/tmac/dvi.tmac
              Macros for use with grodvi.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/tmac/ec.tmac
              Macros to switch to EC fonts.

BUGS
       Dvi files produced by grodvi use a different resolution (57816 units
       per inch) to those produced by TeX.  Incorrectly written drivers which
       assume the resolution used by TeX, rather than using the resolution
       specified in the dvi file will not work with grodvi.

       When using the -d option with boxed tables, vertical and horizontal
       lines can sometimes protrude by one pixel.  This is a consequence of
       the way TeX requires that the heights and widths of rules be rounded.


ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:


       +---------------+------------------+
       |ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE  |
       +---------------+------------------+
       |Availability   | text/groff       |
       +---------------+------------------+
       |Stability      | Uncommitted      |
       +---------------+------------------+
SEE ALSO
       tfmtodit(1), groff(1), troff(1), groff_out(5), groff_font(5),
       groff_char(7), groff_tmac(5)

COPYING
       Copyright (C) 1989-2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

       Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
       manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
       preserved on all copies.

       Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
       manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
       entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a per-
       mission notice identical to this one.

       Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this man-
       ual into another language, under the above conditions for modified ver-
       sions, except that this permission notice may be included in transla-
       tions approved by the Free Software Foundation instead of in the origi-
       nal English.



NOTES
       This software was built from source available at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.  The original community
       source was downloaded from
       https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/groff/groff-1.22.3.tar.gz

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at https://www.gnu.org/software/groff.



Groff Version 1.22.3            4 November 2014                      GRODVI(1)